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This book presented 


Stanford School of licdioizie 


R« Wt O^Bannon. }.!• D« 

Hollister California 

•MtiMq«M MmrMorc CO utmo 








With Illustrations 


President American Medico-Pfiarmaceudcal League, Ex-President Medica 
Association of Northern New York, Member New York State 
and G>unty Medical Societies, Fellow of the American 
Electro -Therapeutic Association, Member 
Medico-Legal Society, Associate 
Editor Medico-Pharma- 
ceutical Journal 




1 906 

Copyright 1906 


Samuel S. Wallian 
AU rights reserved 

m • % 

•9 m • • • 

• • • • • • 

Rhythm is the Underlying Law of the Universe. 

The "Music of the Spheres*' is as Real and Demonstrable 
as any Law of Mathematics. 

The Morning Stars have been Singing Together since the 
Primal Dawn, 

Life is an Incessant Sitccessian of Rhythmic Reiteration. 

Disease is the Opening of a Discordant Stop. 

Death is a Cessation of Vibrant Impulse. It shuts the 
Organ Manual. 

Fate is the Architect of the Organ. 

The ** Voice of Nature" is the Diapason of the Infinite. 

Music is Vibrant Harmony. It is Love struggling for a 

Love is Music that has found a Langu>age. 

Hate is the Clash of Antagonistic Vibrations. 


The busy Physician is obliged to read as 
he runs and run as he reads. 

Prefaces are generally Apologies, and to 
most readers an Apology is an Impertinence. 

To read the average Preface is to regret 
lost time. 

The intelligently impatient reader premedi- 
tatedly ignores it. 

This is not a Preface but a Disclaimer. 


Somewhat heterogeneously thrown tOf- 
gether, in the interrupted and uncertain in- 
tervals of a busy practice, this little brochure 
is diffidently commended and committed to 
the charitable indulgence of professional col- 
leagues who are equally ambitious and equal- 
ly in earnest in the unceasing quest for help- 
ful therapeutic hints. 

If the suggestions offered prove assuring 
to beginners, and an incentive to others to 
delve deeper, for more comprehensive facts 
and apter illustrations, the author will stand 



Non-prefatory v 

At the Threshold vi 

Contents vii-viii 

List of Illustrations ix 

Rhythmic Theraft: 

Non-historic 11 

Semi-historic 12 

Nature an Epitome of Rhythmic Reiteration 15 

Nature of Matter 19 

Mechanical Vibration Therapeutically Invoked 22 

The Trend Toward Natural Therapeutics 24 

Frequency and Voltage 28 

Physiology and Pathology 37 

Physiologic Basis 41 

How Vibration Produces Its Results 45 

What is Stimulation? 46 

Nomenclature 49 

Rationale of Vibratory Therapeutics 52 

Massage Contrasted 53 

Trophic Centers 56 

Diagnostic Suggestions 58 

As a Source of Immunity 60 

Stimulation and Elimination 65 

How Mechanical Vibration Aids Elimination 66 

Mechano-Vital Vibration vs. Drugs 67 

Physiologic Confirmation 69 

Practical Application 74 

Applicability and Results 77 



Some Clinical Proofs 80 

Technic of the Treatment 81 

Essentials of a Good Vibrator 88 

Forms of Applicators or Vibratodes 91 

Fluid Cushion Vibration 92 

Length of Stroke and Time of Application 94 

Force and Frequency 96 

Posture of the Patient 100 

A Digression on Diet 101 

Modem Dietic Mistakes 104 

Dietic Science 106 

A Defense of Cranks 112 

Getting Back to Nature 114 

Pure Food and Poor Food 117 

A New Field for Vibratorj- Treatment 118 

The Provmce of Inhibition 126 

Suggestions as to Selecting an Instrument 128 

Dictionary of Diseases 131-210 



PLATE I Facing page 36 

Fig. 1 Ball Applicator or Vibratode. 

2 Large Concave Disk Vibratode. 

3 Small Flat Disk Vibratode. 

4 Curved Arm and Wrist Vibratode. 

5 Large, Soft Rubber Bell Vibratode. 

PLATE II Facing page 68 

Fig. 6 Small, Soft Rubber Bell Applicator. 

7 Small, Soft Rubber Bell Applicator with flanged mouth. 

8 Brush Applicator. 

9 Soft Rubber Brush for the Scalp and Sensitive 

10 Short Fluid Applicator for Rectum, Vagina, etc. 

PLATE III Facing page 80 

Fig. 11 Long Fluid Applicator for Rectum and Vagina. 

12 Extra Long Fluid Applicator with Attachment Cor 

Flushing Colon. 

13 Metal Cone for Dilating Sphincter ani and Reducing 


PLATE IV Facing page 90 

Fig. 14 Small Fluid Applicator for Sensitive Points. 

15 Small Fluid Applicator for Ear, etc. 

16 Large Fluid Applicator for Face, Eye and Sensi- 

tive Points- 

PLATE V Facing page 136 

The Human Figure — Anterior View. 
Showing, in colors, Surface Areas Refiexly Asso- 
ciated with Visceral Disease, and Directly Related to 
the Various Spinal Ganglia. 

PLATE VI Facing page 136 

The Human Figure — Posterior View. 
Showing Related Areas, as in Plate V. 

PLATE VII Facing page 166 

Fig. 17 Fluid Two-way Vaginal Applicator. 
18 Attachment for Operating same. 

PLATE VIII Facing page 188 

Fig. 19 Fluid Vaginal Applicator, with Attachment in 



The history of a science, or of a new 
therapeutic measure has its value to the stu- 
dent of scientific or medical history, and may 
be both curious and interesting to the gen- 
eral practitioner of medicine; but it is of 
little practical value to those who are study- 
ing the scientific and clinical credentials of 
any novel therapeutic claim. 

Despite the citation of many very ancient 
names, concerning the therapeutic value of 
various forms of body frictions and manual 
massage, rhythmic reiteration, or mechanical 
vibration proper, as a remedial measure, can 
claim but a very brief and recent history. 
Hence, citing these ancient sages as advo- 
cates of the modern measure is straining a 
historical point, without accomplishing any 
practical purpose. It is easy to establish the 
fact that long before the Christian Era phil- 
osophers and advocates of the healing art, in 
its primitive stages, extolled the results of 
applied motion, friction and percussion, in 
the treatment of certain forms of deformity 
and disease. It is quite as easy to prove that 
these manipulations were scarcely suggest- 


ive of the processes now described under the 
head of therapeutic mechanical vibration. 
The would-be historians of the subject cite, 
among other names, Homer, Heroditus, As- 
clepiades, Pliny, Galen, Oribasius, Paracelsus 
and Ambrose Pare ; but the connection is far- 
fetched and impertinent. 

Even the association of the more modern 
names of Grosvenor, Barclay, Ling, Zander, 
Taylor, Kellogg, Sargent and Savage is 
scarcely warranted, since these men had only 
the vaguest conception of the nature and 
possibilities of rhythmic vibratory mechanical 
applications, affecting deep nerve ganglia. It 
would be equally apt to say that the bob sled 
and the stage coach were the pioneers of the 
palace car and wireless telegraphy. 

Rhythmic Reiteration, in the guise of mod- 
ern vibratory therapeutics, is therefore prac- 
tically without a history. 


Vigoroux of Paris may rightfully claim the 
honor of being one of the first, if not the 
first to make a definite and practical appli- 
cation of mechanical rhythm or vibration as 
a curative agent. His device, of a quarter 
of a century ago, would now be called crude 
and fanciful. It consisted of an immense 
tuning fork, attached to a sounding case, and 

was operated by means of a bow. He named 
it a "Diapason," which directly suggests 
rhythmic and musical motion. With this 
primitive apparatus he experimented quite 
extensively in the treatment of cases of a 
nervous character, chiefly hysteria, and in 
spite of much ridicule on the part of some 
of his colleagues he met with considerable 
success. He could promptly relieve hemian- 
esthesia, and was quite surprised to find that 
contracted muscles responded to rhythmic 
treatment quite as readily as to the electric 
current he had formerly employed. He suc- 
ceeded, also, in decidedly mitigating the 
pains of locomotor ataxia, which he had 
failed to do with the current. His repeated 
experiments led him to announce his belief 
that the influence of mechanical or mechano- 
musical vibrations was in effect similar to, 
but more effective than the use of electricity. 
A few years later, prompted by Vigoroux's 
published reports, Boudet undertook the 
study of the subject from the standpoint of 
the physiologist. In other words he applied 
rhythmic mechanical vibration, as derived 
from a modified form of the apparatus of 
Vigoroux, to healthy subjects, and analyzed 
the recorded results. 

By applying vibrating disks over the course 
of a superficial nerve, especially when such 
nerve passes over a thinly covered bony struc- 


ture, for example, the supra-orbital ridge, 
Boudet succeeded in inducing a marked de- 
gree of local anesthesia, which persisted for 
several minutes. Finding this result to be 
uniform instead of occasional and incidental 
he was not mistaken in inferring that the 
same applications would relieve a painful con- 
dition of any nerve that could be thus reached. 
Following these encouraging results with fur- 
ther experiments, he applied rapid but gentle 
vibration to the walls of the cranium, where- 
by the brain itself was rhythmically affected, 
and a coming migrain almost invariably 

Following Boudet, Granville, after corrob- 
orating his predecessor's encouraging exper- 
iences, conducted some original experiments 
of his own, and accomplished results in the 
treatment of neurasthenic and neuralgic con- 
ditions which attracted considerable profes- 
sional attention. He was instigated to try 
some of his experiments from having ob- 
served that patients suffering from nervous 
disorders, especially paralysis agitans, were 
markedly benefitted by journeys made in or- 
dinary carriages, but more particularly when 
traveling in railway coaches. He attributed 
the beneficial effects to the constant repeti- 
tion of vibratory jar and the rhythmic, os- 
cillating motion transmitted by the moving 


Prior to these interesting experiments Bar- 
clay, Balfour and others advocated percus- 
sion, in connection with friction and mas- 
sage, in the treatment of muscular contrac- 
tions, rheumatism, gout and debility of the 
extremities; but, as already remarked, these 
pioneers did little more than to blaze the 
way to the discovery of mechano-vital vi- 
bration, and the therapeutic potency of 
rhythm, as now realized. 


Richet maintains that the external world is 
neither more nor less than an embodiment and 
materialization of either blending or contrasting 

Accepting this postulate every individual or- 
ganization consists of a system or series of ryth- 
mic, concentric and constantly reiterated vibra- 
tions, an organic materialization of energy. 

The universe itself is therefore a realm of ryth- 
mic reiteration. Planets revolve, whole systems 
of suns sweep through illimitable space, moons 
wax and wane, tides ebb and flow, and even the 
seemingly erratic comets have their fixed or- 
bits and exact periods, — all obeying the uni- 
versal law of harmony. The "music of the 
spheres" is not a rhetorical figment of poetic 
imagination, but a rhythmic verity. 


Rhythm is in every case the embodiment and 
resultant of Vibration. All motion, force, heat, 
light, electricity, and the materialization of these 
elemental forces in organic guise, called Life, let 
it be reiterated, originate and are perpetuated by 
Vibration. Vibration is consequently the Funda- 
mental Law of material existence. It is all-per- 
meating and incessant It was in the beginning, 
has never for a moment ceased and will be in the 
end. To interrupt it would be to send all the 
infinite systems of suns with their complex gal- 
axies of satellites hurtling through unresisting 
space to a common and universal destruction. 
Pursuing and reiterating the thought, all organic 
life emanates from inorganic nature by means of 
vibratory impulse and persists only through the 
incessant prompting of vital vibration. 

Health is a condition or sequence of harmo- 
nious vibration, — ^physiologic rhjrthm. 

Disease is interrupted, discordant or arhythmic 

Death is the cessation or permanent interrup- 
tion of organic vibrations. 

Thus, three sentences epitomize a volume of 
Physiology, Philosophy and Physics. 

The vital cycle includes, first, molecular or 
ethereal, second, bioplasmic, and third, structural 
or organic vibrations, resulting in a living organ- 
ism — ^plant or animal, the two species differing 
only in the pitch and wave-length of the involved 


Admitting these premises, Evolution is easily 
recognized as a rational sequence, and the law 
of natural selection governing the origin of spe- 
cies is as simple as the multiplication table. Both 
follow as unimportant details in the wake of Cre- 
ative Energy. 

As human beings, representing the highest 
evolved order of organic life, we exist, because 
every molecule of matter entering into the com- 
position of our bodies maintains a condition of 
constant transition, through this universal law 
of vibration, or organic rhythm. 

If this corpuscular, ionic or ethereal iteration 
of motion could be wholly suspended, even for a 
moment, the law of cohesion would be subverted, 
and all organic life would be annihilated. It is 
impossible, else Natiu-e herself would drag her 
anchors, and Order would be swallowed up in the 
ancient sea of Chaos. 

Scientific deduction to date warrants the as- 
sumption that electricity is neither more or less 
than an intensified modality of motion, a distinct 
and individualized manifestation of force, which 
may be further described — ^all descriptions being 
as yet inadequate, — as a rhythmic modus of 
mechanical energy. 

We also now know that all chemical action 
and reactions are in the nature of vibrations. In 
other words, chemical action consists essentially 
of a bombardment of attracted and repelled cor- 
puscles, which, when brought in contact, inter- 
change and antagonize, flow and reflow, until 


through elemental decomposition and recombina- 
tion an inter-corpuscular equilibritun has been 

Heat, light and chemism have been accred- 
ited as the three primal forces of nature, but it is 
evident that all of them are secondary, since they 
are results and not causes. They do not appear 
except as sequences of rhythmic vibratory 

Another effort at "definition asserts that the 
trio of forces or modalities of energy originating, 
sustaining and controlling all forms or expres- 
sions of organic life are attraction, repulsion, 
and vibration. The author of this definition 
cites in corroboration the phenomenon that 
the cell or primary unit of organization at- 
tracts its required pabulum, repels or rejects 
refuse, and is itself actuated by vibratory 

By a consensus of all these definitions rhythm 
or vibratory motion is the fundamental basis of 
all organic life, the source and secret of every 
form of vital energy. 

Referring again to electricity, the modern 
high-frequency currents are in every instance 
rhythmically interrupted currents, which is 
the logical and technical name for vibratory 
currents. Their voltage increases with the 
frequency of the interruptions or vibrations, 
until by means of the higher grades of ap- 
paratus devised by Tesla, D'Arsonval and 


others the voltage attained is scarcely com- 
putable by any existing standards, estimates 
varying from 500,000 to several millions of 
volts. But for the merely nominal amperage 
involved, these currents could not be safely 
manipulated, but would be utterly unsafe and 
beyond control, for clinical or therapeutic 

The high-frequency current asserts its 
rhythmic or vibratory character in its name. 
It possesses such penetrative power that or- 
dinary non-conducting bodies do not seem 
to seriously impede it. It traverses the air, 
wood, rubber, glass, silk and other reputed 
non-conducting materials with the greatest 
facility. An unconnected incandescent light, 
even at considerable distance from a passing 
high-frequency current, is caused to glow 
with many times its ordinary brilliancy. The 
fairly incredible velocity, or if we might call 
it impetuosity, of this high-frequency current, 
and its power of penetration, confirm its 
character as an elemental force, and, as al- 
ready intimated, closely allied to if not iden- 
tical with creative energy. 


One of the most radical and important of 
these rehabilitations pertains to the nature of 
matter itself. By way of example, atoms 


have ceased to be considered ultimates, and 
no scientist now attempts to dissociate mat- 
ter and motion, substance and condition. 
The ion, standing for the time being as a 
hypothetical unite of force or motion, has 
supplanted the time-honored role of the prac- 
tically discarded molecule; and matter, it 
is now held, becomes a visible and palpable 
manifestation or entity only when combin- 
ing or combating motions or forces of some 
kind are brought in contact. 

If we admit this last postulate of science, 
it may be reiterated that matter is merely 
a modality of motion, a variety of vibration, 
whose rate and rhythm are both invisible 
and incomputable. As a legitimate corollary 
any given material substance, its nature, 
form, character and proportions, depend en- 
tirely on the rate, rh3rthm and tension of the 
vibrations by which it makes itself mani- 

Thus these later revelations of science 
have made necessary a revision of our con- 
ceptions of the origin of matter, and of the 
life principle. 

Succinctly, as already stated, life and mat- 
ter are both conditions. The first we call 
immaterial, yet both are modalities or 
rhythmic manifestations of vibratory impulse. 

Just as color depends on the velocity of 
light undulations, each particular form of 


matter has its individual and distinctive vi- 
bratory rate and rhythm. This rate or ve- 
locity determines the form or condition in 
which matter becomes visible, whether solid, 
liquid, or aeriform, whether granite, gos- 
samer, gold, or a gas. 

Given a modicum of dust, itself a resultant 
of vibratory motion, add an electric thrill; 
result, a cell. A second thrill eventuates in 
cell propagation, proliferation by spontan- 
eous fission. The single cell becomes two, 
four, sixty-four, a million, a thousand mil- 
lions. But for antagonistic and counteracting 
influences, a single cell would soon people 
the earth, and overwhelm the solar system. 

This is geometric progression, evolution, 
— is it creation? 

The cell advances and changes its char- 
acter and destiny with each change of 
rhythm or vibratory velocity. The ameba is 
displaced by the mollusk, the mollusk by a 
megasoma, a mammal, a monkey — ^a man. 
Each change and gradation is not a trans- 
formation, as mollusk into mammal, or mon- 
key into man, but an evidence of a variation 
and acceleration in vibratory velocity. 

A certain rate begets a vermis, another 
and higher rate produces a viper, a verte- 
brate, — a vestryman. 

This obviates the necessity for a m)rthical 
"Missing Link." 



Reiterating what was tersely stated under 
a previous caption, when organized struc- 
tures or individual organisms encounter a 
force counter to their own ionic or corpuscu- 
lar rhythm, and powerful enough to tem- 
porarily interrupt their incessant motion, we 
call the interruption disease. When this an- 
tagonistic force persists and prevails, the 
stoppage or cessation of motion is called 

The sway of this force is all-pervading and 
universal. Remedial agencies of whatever 
kind can not be dissociated from it, and the 
more nearly they are arranged en rapport 
with its simple laws the more prompt and 
satisfactory the results. Recuperative effort 
is essentially an effort to restore undulatory, 
rhythmic or vibratory equilibrium. That me- 
chanical vibration can be made a valuable — 
perhaps invaluable and indispensable aid to 
other methods, in combating diseased condi- 
tions is not a question of plausibility, but of 
fact and availability. To what extent arti- 
ficial vibratory impulse and nerve stimulation 
can be made to supplement or perhaps sub- 
stitute vital vibrations, and to substitute or 
supplement normal organic stimuli, remains 
to be demonstrated. Results already at- 


tained, some of them by means of the crud- 
est and most primitive appliances, warrant 
the prediction that mechanical or artificial 
vibration will prove one of the most valu- 
able acquisitions to the field of general medi- 
cine made during the past quarter of a cen- 
tury. As with all novel therapeutic meas- 
ures much bungling is being done by care- 
less and superficial investigators, many of 
them failing to discriminate the radical dif- 
ference between mechanical massage and me- 
chanical vibration. It is also notorious that 
all such measures are promptly championed 
by two classes who hinder their proper rec- 
ognition and do them harm. The first are 
the charlatans proper, who exploit without 
understanding them, making advertising fads 
of them for mercenary purposes. The sec- 
ond class includes the overenthusiasts, who 
are too full of unintelligent zeal to be other 
than hasty, superficial and unscientific in 
their investigations. 

Both these classes amuse when they do not 
disgust reputable physicians, who are pro- 
fessionally conscientious and traditionally 
painstaking and conservative. 

On the other hand, even the most valu- 
able, rational and legitimate among novel 
therapeutic claims are often irrationally and 
inconsiderately rejected and cynically con- 
demned by two classes of professional men. 


The first class includes those who are over- 
weighted with conceit as to their present at- 
tainments. What they do not know is either 
unknowable, or ought not to be known. The 
second is made up of men who are too in- 
dolent or too indifferent to investigate, and 
of very good men who are both clever and 
conscientious, but who are incurably myopic 
as to facts, theories and principles that are 
not mossy with age, musty with tradition, 
and abundantly attested and corroborated by 
a countless array of precedents, and pages of 
ambiguous if not intentionally or unintention- 
ally misleading statistics. 

To this unfortunate condition and prevail- 
ing rule mechano-rhythmic therapy is prov- 
ing no exception. It stands today about 
where therapeutic electricity stood twenty- 
five years ago. 


In an ultimate and strictly logical sense 
all therapeutic means are natural, since out- 
side of Nature there is nothing. But the 
expression "Natural Therapeutics," by com- 
mon consent has come to mean those meas- 
ures that involve the forces, influences and 
materials of Nature, at first hand, as op- 


posed to the technically artificial resources 
of the chemist and pharmacist. 

The trend of therapeutic investigation and 
experiment, for the past half century, has 
been decidedly in the direction of natural 
therapeutics, and the past decade has been 
productive of more progress in the way of 
practical results in this field than at any sim- 
ilar period in the world's history. 

The medical historian of the year 2,000, 
in attempting to write a retrospective re- 
view of the medical history of the current 
century will no doubt call attention to the 
present as the initial period of phenomenal 
activity, in the matter of analyzing, adapting 
and utilizing physiologic measures and me- 
chanical forces for medical and surgical pur- 

More and more clearly it is coming to be 
realized that while Art can do much toward 
putting disordered vital machinery into bet- 
ter order, can adjust Toose pulleys, remove 
dirt and obstacles, lubricate friction points, 
arouse dormant functions, with a view to re- 
storing an equilibrium of action and reaction. 
Nature, — the vital forces, — must do all the 
real and permanent reparative work. These 
forces are dirigible, but never supplantable. 

Hence the incessant search for normal and 
legitimate therapeutic auxiliaries, and for 
avenues and opportunities of Art that are 


immune to scientific criticism, that, in short, 
second and supplement nature's methods and 

As conclusive evidence of this rapidly 
broadening field of Natural Therapeutics we 
have only to glance at the columns of a mod- 
ern medical lexicon, and look through the 
pages of current medical journals, to realize 
the rapid and constant additions to our ther- 
apeutic vocabulary. To the bare Climatology 
and Hydrotherapy of medical dictionaries not 
two decades old, we now have Aerotherapy 
Balneotherapy, Crounotherapy, Christian 
Science Healing, Dietotherapy, Heliotherapy, 
Hypnototherapy, Kinesi therapy, Mechano- 
therapy, Mental Science Healing, Opopathy, 
Organotherapy, Osteopathy, Phototherapy, 
Physicopathy, Pneumotherapy, Psychothera- 
py, Radiotherapy, Serotherapy, Thermother- 
apy, and others of less general acceptance. 
Let us now add Rhythmotherapy. 

It is a significant f^ct that the most strik- 
ing advance in the entire field has been in 
the direction of Mechanotherapy. This in- 
cludes almost every form of physical exer- 
cise, ordinary massage, and a great variety 
of natural and mechanical manipulations, the 
descriptive names of which had not been 
dreamed of by the lexicographers of even a 
decade ago. 


Among the latest of these to assert itself 
and attract the attention of advanced thera- 
peutists foremost is, unquestionably, Mc- 
chano-vital Vibration. And, as has already 
been emphasized. Vibration and vital mani- 
festation are so closely allied and so nearly 
identical that a resort to artificial vibration 
suggests itself as a perfectly rational and 
promising therapeutic measure. The prin- 
ciple is by no means new, since really there 
can be nothing radically new under the 
shining sun or the shimmering stars; but re- 
cent revelations in science, and clinical ex- 
periments that are being daily corroborated 
and made more comprehensive have given 
it a new impulse, for they establish the fact, 
already set forth, that Creative Energy and 
Vibration are practically synonymous terms. 
The material universe, let it be reiterated, is 
itself a realm of associated, rhythmically re- 
volving and vibrant nuclei. 

A generation ago the publication of "A 
System of Physiologic Therapeutics/' com- 
prised in a series of eleven sumptuously 
printed volumes, edited by one of the fore- 
most practitioners and clinicians of the age, 
and prepared by men of professional pre-emi- 
nence on both sides of the Atlantic, would 
have been considered prima facie evidence of 
a crack-brained editor and an indiscreet pub- 
lisher. It would have added one more bulky 


item to the many examples of dead stock 
on the medical book-seller's shelves. Today 
this work is on the shelves of all progressive 
medical student's libraries. 

All these advances are strictly in line with 
other scientific and evolutionary changes, de- 
velopments and readjustments of thought 
and theory, regarding the origin of force and 
matter, and of their countless combinations 
and reactions. All the older theories have 
been challenged, and many of them set aside 
as incompetent and unsatisfactory. 


The photogenic or light waves make vis- 
ible all that is visible of the universe. The 
next higher rate of ethereal vibrations gradu- 
ally merges into and manifests itself as chem- 
ical waves. These chemical waves preside 
over all organic processes. 

Sound waves have their distinctive velocity 
and are transmitted by the atmosphere or 
other fluid medium. Scientists insist that it 
is a technical mistake to assume that a bell 
struck in vacuo emits no sound. The vi- 
brations occur and the sound is emitted, but 
there is no medium of transmission. The vi- 
brations associated with animal life are not 
ordinarily audible. In certain conditions, — 


usually abnormal ones, — it has been sug- 
gested that they become distinctly audible; 
for example, in the condition known as cin- 
chonism, and exaggeratedly so in Meniere's 
disease, etc. Sound has been described as 
molar or mass vibration. 

Light waves, undulations, or vibrations, — 
the terms are interchangeable but not strictly 
synonymous, — have a velocity of nearly 200,- 
000 miles per second. Next above these, in 
fact occupying the extreme limit of the spec- 
tral image, but having a rapidity so great 
that it can be only speculatively computed, 
are the newly discovered chemical or actinic 
ra3rs, a group that either transcends or in- 
cludes all the newest and least known of the 
list, — Roentgen or x-ray, b-ray, n-ray, ultra- 
violet, d'Arsonval and other mysterious phe- 
nomena of the electricians are merely varia- 
tions in the rhythm of certain induced vibra- 
tions. The new metals, radium, polonium, 
etc., manifest themselves only by means of 
radiations, and these are simply vibrations 
whose rate has not yet been computed. 

Heat waves are usually invisible. When 
their velocity is increased to a certain rate 
they affect the eye as red light This is the 
first stage or degree of visibility. As the 
rapidity or velocity increases the various col- 
ors of the spectrum, one after another be- 
come manifest, until the violet is reached, at 

winch potxtt an the rays merge and form tiie 
most mTstcrioos of the entire series, already 
leferre d to as the extreme ilmnkjl rays. 
These are also nnrisible. 

In coanectkn with this stndy of wave-ye- 
locitics we are met with the scientific par- 
ado3c. already adrerted to, that there may be 
dnk Ef^it; that is, fight waves that are or- 
dinarily invisible; and aflcnt aoondy or sound 
waves that are ordinarily inaudible. 

Thns, the normal hnman ear has definite 
auditory limitations, above and below which 
are high and low realms of inaudibility, the 
extent of which can <Mily be imagined. Sci- 
entists have determined that these are not 
realms of actual silence, but merely extend 
beyond the ken of the ordinary human ear. 
Abnormal or supernormal human ears, and 
the more acute senses of some members of 
the animal kingdom have a wider range of 

Light vibrations, or velocities are normally 
limited in direction to planes that are par- 
allel with the direction of their advance. By 
the interposition of certain substances, such 
AS a crystal of tourmaline, they are diverted 
\o a single plane, and this result is called 
poUrization. Polarized light has some uses 
\\\ optics and in qualitative analysis; but its 
aull0it» i« limited. Polarization is therefore 
interference in the rhythm or direction of 

vibration, or in both rhythm and direction. 
By analogy it is rational to assume that 
normal nervous impulses may become dislo- 
cated, impeded or interrupted by certain in- 
terferences, in which condition they may be 
said to be polarized. 

In case of the light rays the interposition 
of a second crystal of tourmaline, with its 
line of axis at right angles with the first, 
entirely quenches the rays; but by rotating 
the crystals until their axes coincide the vi- 
brations are resumed, and rays pass. 

This illustrates how small an influence may 
be made to initiate radical and far-reaching 
results in physics. The rule or law holds 
equally in physiology. The prick of a hypo- 
dermic needle, pushing the one-hundred-and- 
fiftieth part of a grain of the proper alkaloid, 
quells a maniac, or antagonizes a toxic dose 
of some virulent poison. It is no more 
strange that a few minutes manipulation of 
a vibrating disk speeded at from 5,000 to 
9,000 or more alternations per minute, over 
a demoralized nerve center, should transform 
arhythmic into rhythmic impulses or condi- 
tions, and abnormal into normal vibrations. 

Heat originates in at least three ways, — ^by 
friction, collision of matter, and by chemical 
combustion. It is easy to demonstrate that 
all three of these processes or results can be 
effected by mechanical vibration. Heat itself 


18 a rhythmic vibration of the molecules, or 
ultimate subdivisions of matter, among them- 
selves. It is called insensible heat when it 
is produced by motion or vibrations gauged 
below a certain rate of frequency or velocity. 
It becomes sensible heat when the rotation 
or vibrations reach a certain higher veloc- 

To the ordinary practitioner, accustomed 
to rely exculsively on his pharmaceutic al- 
lies, it seems a presumptuous and illogical in- 
novation to attempt to induce specific physi- 
ologic reactions, by means of which definite 
therapeutic results may be confidently ex- 
pected, through rhythmic mechanical meas- 
ures, however intelligently adapted and ap- 
plied ; but a very little clinical experience will 
prove thoroughly convincing, and is usually 
a very gratifying surprise. That such means 
can be made helpful to some extent in in- 
cipient paralyses, in atrophy of muscles, and 
in case of sluggish functions, would be nat- 
urally inferred and generally admitted, even 
by those who are skeptical as to more am- 
bitious claims; but it is a genuine surprise, 
to even the favorably impressed and expec- 
tant clinician, when he sees serious engorge- 
ments and congestions, and even marked and 
more or less chronic hypertrophies dispersed 
or absorbed, as a result of mechanical vibra- 
tion, applied at a distant and apparently in- 


different point. For example, the prompt 
emptying of recent hemorrhoidal tumors and 
varicose veins, or the reduction and virtual 
abortion of hyperplasias and forming ab- 
scesses, through absorption, rapidly induced 
by vibratory stimulation of elminating or- 
gans, — liver, spleen, neighboring lymphatics, 

This suggests a wide field in which rhyth- 
mic vibratory treatment is clearly and ration- 
ally indicated as safe, sane and synergetic of 
any and all other approved measures. 

It is a long stride forward in the field of 
therapeutic progress when the sometimes baf- 
fled clinician can lay aside both his well- 
thumbed pharmacopeia and his overworked 
surgical case, and confidently appeal to what 
may be termed natural and physiologic meas- 
ures, in his efforts to remove accumulated 
obstructions, restore deranged functions, and 
restrain abnormal vital action. The number 
of diseases, by whatever name they may be 
called, in which one or more of these results 
is insistently aimed at and vitally important, 
is anything but limited. It includes nearly 
all chronic and many acute maladies or con- 
ditions. And aside from the long list of well- 
defined and catalogued ailments there is a 
pathologic realm in which technical land- 
marks are lost sight of, and the diagnosis 
is summed up in a complexity of distresses 


and discomforts quite as hard to endure and 
harder to get rid of than many diseases that 
wear dignified and definite names. 

As is well known every balance wheel and 
machine may be temporarily paralyzed by 
being accidently stopped on its "dead- 
center." There are vital dead centers as well 
as mechanical ones. The onus of invention 
for the past century has been to abolish this 
dead-center, just as the investigating thera- 
peutists have been ransacking earth, air and 
water, the heavens above and the seas be- 
neath, for means by which to overcome the 
universal tendency to vital dead-centers, 
since the analogy holds good in vital dy- 
namics. It is the commonest thing in the 
world for some nerve center or ganglion to 
find itself temporarily stunned, unable to 
functionate, and perhaps a focus and storm 
center of pain. Such a ganglion is practi- 
cally on its dead-center. Vital force is want- 
ing, but the inhibited ganglion or center has 
no power within itself to hand-lift the stalled 
piston or poise-arrested balance wheel over 
its kinetic dead-center. 

Every resource of art having any claim 
to therapeutic virtue, every drug with any 
reputation as a stimulant or tonic has at one 
time or another been invoked for the pur- 
pose — quinin, iron, the bitter stomachics, 
strychnin, nitroglycerin, alcohol, the glycer- 


ophosphates, — and in many instances these 
pharmaceutics succeed; but they are neither 
specific nor infallible, and when they fail 
they only increase the overload of the or- 
ganism. When they succeed it is by impart- 
ing to the overwhelmed or overstrained 
nerve centers the needed impulse to send 
them again about their functional duties. 
This impulse, when derived from drugs, is 
a substitute for normal or natural stimula- 
tion, whereas substitutes are never ideal, 
and seldom satisfactory. They are all ham- 
pered by reflex and reactionary effects that 
are neither designed nor desirable. As be- 
tween inertia and a fresh impulse they are 
no doubt often the lesser of two evils; but 
they are always artificial and never physi- 
ological prods, therefore they lack both nat- 
uralness and permanency. Measured by the 
primary source of all natural stimulations — 
nutrition^ none of these means is strictly 
legitimate, logical or natural, since all are 
in no sense either food, nutrition or pabu- 
lum, ready to be converted into either fuel, 
force or tissue. 

Second to nutrition certain forces and in- 
fluences may be properly termed natural, 
since they induce, promote and co-operate 
with functional activities. Among these may 
be mentioned massage in any form, gymnas- 
tic movements, hydrotherapy, magnetism, 


electricity and vibration* In fact, while food 
is Absolutely indispensable to all vital mani- 
festations, without the auxiliary aid of some 
one or more of these forces or agencies, it 
may be said to be a passive influence, since 
without co-operative conditions it remains 
inutile and unavailable. 

Gymnastic movements have been made 
much of, and are decidedly helpful in many 
cases, without being thoroughly competent 
in any. They too, are often unavailable. 
Hydrotherapy has a wide sphere, and is 
sometimes all-sufficient in itself; but it, too, 
requires conditions that are often inconven- 
ient or impossible. Electricity, pre-eminent- 
ly efficient and available, when intelligently 
exhibited in proper cases, is often contrain- 
dicated, for reasons that it is not necessary 
to specify. Manual massage is one method 
of exciting vibration. It is necessarily dif- 
fuse in its form of application, and induces 
vibratory responses which are more or less 
incomplete because slow in rate and lacking 
in rhythm. 

In mechanical vibration we have brpught 
into use a modality that does no violence to 
natural laws, and that involves no untoward re- 
actions, unless through the indiscretion of 
careless or overzealous operators, who make 
injudicious, too prolonged or too strenuous 




Fii^ L Ball Appliwitnr ur Vibmttidt?. 

Fig- 2. Lurae Ccincure Disk Vibratnde. 

Fir. a ^aU Fbit Diflk ViLrutudc. 

Fig- 4. l^iTTed Arm mnd Wrist Vibrntndc 



Physiology and Pathology may be said to 
be twin processes, having their origin in the 
same root. One represents normal, sym- 
metric and euphonius functions; the other is 
abnormal, distorted and discordant functions 
— rhythm and discord, eucrasia and dyscra- 

Laws, rules and deductions applicable to 
normal tissues and organs are either directly 
or reversibly applicable to morbid tissues and 

Crediting only the barest and best authen- 
ticated data thus far brought to light, neither 
the youngest graduate nor the oldest prac- 
titioner need have any difficulty in applying 
the principle to a multitude of physiologic 
sins of omission or commission, and to a 
host of pathologic accidents, the myriad 
names of which need not be recited. 

When the circulation and temperature of 
an organ or tissue is at or near a standard 
which has been determined from observing 
and comparing a large number of healthy in- 
dividuals, its functions are said to be physi- 
ologically performed. When the circulation 
is disturbed in either fulness or rhythm, and 
the temperature deviates materially from the 
established standards the accelerated, arhyth- 
mic, retarded or disturbed functions are said 
to be in a pathologic condition. 


To increase the temperature of a tissue or 
living body indicates that its corpuscles or 
ions have been stimulated to an increased 
and hypernormal velocity or momentum, in 
their incessant bombardment of each other. 
When this acceleration is pushed beyond a 
certain limit the physical appearance of the 
tissue, organ or body becomes wholly 
changed, and we call the change decomposi- 

Controlling the temperature of an organ- 
ism or tissue regulates all its functions, and 
together with its nutrition controls all the 
rhythmic, metabolic and catabolic processes 
connected with it. Moreover, controlling the 
circulation is equivalent to controlling the 

It is evident that the keynote to those 
physiologic stimulations which produce path- 
ologic changes and correct pathologic condi- 
tions is the control of the circulation. How 
is this control effected? The histologists 
have shown that the arteries and arterioles 
are provided with a muscular coating which 
can be acted upon in the same manner as 
other muscular structures, namely, by stim- 
ulating agencies and applications, prominent 
among which may now be classed rhythmic 
motion, or mechano-vital vibration. Even in 
case of the capillary vessels their walls are 
composed of susceptible endothelial plates. 


Going deeper, the effects of mechano-vital 
vibration on muscular structures is equally 
marked. After being subjected to properly 
adapted vibratory applications soft and flabby 
muscles become decidedly firmer and more 
elastic. The effects of a single vibratory 
application or treatment are usually tran- 
sient, but after a series of treatments the 
toning-up effects will persist, for the reason 
that the imparted impulse increases the flow 
of arterial blood to the parts, and as a con- 
sequence they are better nourished. 

If no other results were secured these 
would be considered satisfactory; but in ad- 
dition the patient will soon begin to realize 
that he is losing his customary and chronic 
sense of "tiredness," which is such a promi- 
nent symptom in neurasthenia and other 
nervous ailments. Even after the first treat- 
ment, if it be administered with discretion 
and not overdone, he will realize a sense of 
general restfulness to which he has long been 
a stranger, and which will become more and 
more pronounced and permanent as the treat- 
ment proceeds. 

In view of the impetus imparted to the* 
circulation and through this to the nutritive 
processes of the local parts, as well as to the 
entire organism, these results are legitimate 
clinical realizations, and not merely hypo- 
thetical theories. 


By means of mechano-vital vibration hy- 
pertrophies may be definitely reduced and 
disintegrated, and the various kinds of be- 
nign tumors decomposed or discussed, after 
which, through stimulation of the various 
emunctories, and especially of the lymphatics 
in the vicinity, the resulting debris from the 
dissociated and degenerate tissues will be 
rapidly eliminated. 

Not everything that is called vibration will 
produce these desired effects, since motion 
may be rhythmical without being rapid, and 
a certain degree of rapidity is essential to 
insure the proper vital response. Thus, the 
penetration of vibratory influences depends 
chiefly upon the factor of rapidity or veloc- 
ity. This may vary all the way from the slow 
movements of the manual masseur to the 
incomputable velocity of the high frequency 
electrical currents. The general law is that 
the higher the tension of the vibratory im- 
pulse the more penetrating, and under proper 
modification, also more soothing or sedative 
the effects. 

From high tension mechanical vibrations 
three distinct effects may be confidently anti- 
cipated: (a) control of the blood pressure 
and circulation; (b) dispersion of local and 
visceral congestions; and, (c) marked in- 
crease of the secretions. 


To these direct effects are to be added a 
distinct and important series of indirect and 
reflex influences which can be availed of and 
utilized beneficially, in a variety of conditions 
in which direct stimulation is either infeas- 
ible, ineffective, or undesirable. 

All the results thus briefly referred to may 
be classed as physiologic, since they are 
merely enhancement or acceleration of nor- 
mal processes. It is, moreover, quite evi- 
dent that they can be readily transmuted 
into therapeutic measures and achievements. 
They are all the more valuable from the fact 
that they do no violence to Nature's meth- 
ods, but are neither more nor less than ex- 
aggerations of her processes. 


While physiologists do not yet claim to 
explain all the processes and metabolic 
changes that take place in nerve structures 
certain basic facts have been demonstrated, 
and in this connection it will be an instruc- 
tive reminder to the practitioner who has 
not kept in constant touch with the later de- 
velopments in physiology to cite from stand- 
ard works a condensed resume of the known 
laws of nerve life, action and influence, on 
which this practically new system of 


rhythmic, mechano-vital stimulation is based: 

1. Physiologic or normal stimulus applied 
to nerves generates nerve-motion, which 
travels in either a centrifugal or efferent di- 
rection from the central system. 

2. The results of this nerve-impulsion may 
be either motion, the inhibition of motion, or 

3. When an impulse reaches the central or- 
gans it excites sensation or perception, is 
transferred to the motor areas, or it is con- 
ducted in a centrifugal direction and consti- 
tutes what is known as reflex stimulation. 

4. Mechanical stimulation when applied 
with sufficient rapidity produces a change in 
the form of nerve particles. 

5. Stimulated sensory nerves respond with 
sensation, which may be increased to pain; 
stimulated motor nerves with muscular mo- 

6. A light blow upon the radial nerve of the 
forearm, or upon the axillary nerves causes 
the muscles supplied by these nerves to con- 

7. Mechanical stimulation of a nerve does 
not cause it to become acid as do other forms 
of stimulation. 

8. If a mechanical stimulus be applied to a 
nerve very gradually it will render the nerve 
inexcitable, without its manifesting any signs 
of being stimulated. 


9. Pressure on a nerve, if gradually in- 
creased in intensity, first increases and then 
diminishes its excitability. 

10. Pressure on a mixed nerve abolishes 
reflex conduction sooner than it does motor 

11. Chemical stimuli applied to nerve struc- 
tures firjt increase and then decrease or par- 
alyze their excitability. 

12. If by mechanical stimulation the axial 
cylinder of a nerve be interrupted, impulse- 
waves across the inhibited part are inter- 

13. A nerve may be completely paralyzed 
by a violent shock. 

14. Separating" a nerve from its nutritive 
or trophic center destroys its excitability, and 
in warm-blooded animals it soon undergoes 
fatty degeneration. 

15. If the sensory fibers of a root of a 
spinal nerve be divided at a point between 
the ganglion and the spinal cord its peri- 
pheral fibers do not degenerate, since the 
ganglion is their nutritive center. But the 
fiber-ends connected with the cord degener- 

16. Anterior and posterior nerve-roots are 
controlled by different centers. 

17. The regeneration of a nerve is always 
accomplished through its nutritive or trophic 
center, and as long as a nerve is connected 


with its trophic center, and is not wholly de- 
stroyed, it is capable of being regenerated. 

18. When a nerve is either dead or per- 
manently severed from its trophic center it 
can not be recovered. 

19. Although the exact nature of trophic 
influence is still largely a matter of study and 
speculation, the practical fact that the trophic 
centers control heat production and accom- 
plish the nutrition of all the various organs 
and tissues, chiefly if not wholly by control- 
ling the blood-supply of the parts, has been 
satisfactorily established. 

20. If a nerve-center or conducting nerve- 
fiber becomes deranged or lags in its function 
the organ or part with which it is connected 
soon degenerates, and this degeneration con- 
stitutes disease. 

21. Regardless of the distinctive names 
that may be applied to them, all forms of tis- 
sue-degeneration are essentially of nervous 

22. It is found that the mechanical work 
executed by an excited muscle as the result of 
mechanical stimulation is one hundred times 
greater than the energy expended by the me- 
chanical stimulant. 

It is easy to recognize the bearing of these 
undisputed and authoritatively established 
facts in physiology and neurology, and it is 


impossible to deny that they provide a broad 
basis on which to erect a therapeutic system, 
with rhythmic, mechano-vital vibration as its 
rational foundation. 


As far back as 1876 Mosengeul announced 
that local mechanical vibration could be made 
to act upon a region, organ or tissue in the 
same manner as does aspiration, and also to 
practically substitute and imitate the work 
of a force pump. In 1894 M. Colombo re- 
ported, in Memoires de la Societie de Biolo- 
gic, that he had experimented extensively 
with vibration, using dogs as his subjects. 
He found that by applying rapid mechanical 
vibration directly to the various organs, 
glands and nerve trunks, he could : 

1. Materially increase the evolution and 
flow of the gastric secretions, without in the 
least interfering with their normal composi- 
tion or chemical constituents; 

2. Promote the secretion of bile; 

3. Very decidedly increase the flow of 
saliva ; 

4. Cause active diuresis, with marked in- 
crease of its solid constituents and epithelial 
waste ; 


5. Increase the production of both sperm 
and spermatozoa; 

6. Very perceptibly stimulate the cutane- 
ous functions. 


This term is much used and much abused. 
Considerable vagueness prevails concerning 
its physiologic signification. In the popular 
mind, and even in many professional minds, 
it has direct reference to the use of either 
exciting drugs or some form of alcohol. 
Very many people, who ought to be taught 
better, consider stimulation as strictly an ar- 
tificial effect, and not as it really is, a physi- 
ologic function. Very reputable scientists, and 
many medical writers quote the word in this 
very careless and inaccurate manner. Some- 
times it is used in the sense of irritation, and 
only rarely as a synonym of nutrition, but 
quite commonly with various shades of com- 
promise and modification between these two. 
The dictionaries themselves supply a rather 
unsatisfactory clue to the biologic meaning 
of the word. The Latin stimiilatio is defined 
as a pricking, incitement; and stimulare, the 
verb, means to prick, spur, goad, incite, etc. 
The strictly medical dictionaries are equally 
lame and unsatisfactory. In considering the 


subject of mechanotherapy it is very essential 
to clearly define all terms which are so com- 
monly used in a vague inexact or careless 
manner. Hence, this linguistic but necessary 

In a biologic sense, to stimulate does not 
mean to "urge on to increased action," but 
stands for the initiation and sustentation of 
every normal physiologic function. A mod- 
ern German author defines it as "the cause 
of that form of motion of matter which is 
designated as life, or any change of the inter- 
nal and external conditions under which the 
protoplasm lives." 

As being closely allied to stimulation, reac- 
tion is defined by the same author as, "all 
forms of performance of work, displacement 
of atoms or molecules (or processes of a 
physico-chemical nature), with which the pro- 
toplasm responds to every change in the 
processes of causation; i. e., on the internal 
and external conditions of life effecting the 
organism." He adds that, "this reaction ex- 
ists even when the stimulation is ever so 
small; only it is not always demonstrable by 
the means at our disposal, since it is a ques- 
tion of infinitesimal alterations of the molec- 
ular mechanism." 

In this sense, stimulation is seen to have 
a far more fundamental and comprehensive 
significance than is ascribed to it in any of 


the lexicons. It is a synonym of causation, 
being, existence. With its cognate process or 
term, reaction, it constitutes the ebb and flow 
of organic life. Together they stand for the 
origin and essence of all vital and organic re- 
sults, for the initiation of vital energy, and 
the transformation of energ^y into either 
work, motion, or heat, or into all these. 

Popularly and colloquially, as well as pro^ 
fessionally, especially in a clinical sense, the 
word is currently used in quite different sig- 
nifications. The commonest use of it is as 
stated, in connection with the administration 
of alcoholics. This is too common to call 
for anything further than mere mention. It 
is to this use of the word that the diction- 
aries have chiefly and unwarrantedly restrict 
ed themselves. Instead of being advanced as 
the principal or predominating sense of the 
word, it should simply be recogjnized as the 
most limited and superficial one. 

Another popular, somewhat less superficial, 
and more legitimate use of the word is in 
connection with the electric current. The 
various forms of galvanic, faradic, static and 
high frequency currents are utilized to stim- 
ulate nerves, muscles, glands and other struc- 
tures of the body. This form of stimulation 
more nearly resembles normal or fundamen- 
tal stimulation, as above defined. It may 


without impropriety be called supernormal 

To recapitulate, in a strictly legitimate and 
accurate sense, stimuli are always forms of 
energy. Heat, light, force, motion, elec- 
tricity, nutrition, — these may be cited as nor- 
mal or fundamental stimuli. Alcoholics must, 
on the other hand, be classed as excitants, 
but not as originators of energy. The other 
forms that may be mentioned are chemical 
stimuli and mechanical stimuli. The former 
may be simply irritant, or may be nutrient, 
in which case they belong with the foods. 
The latter, being manifestations of force, be- 
long with the legitimate or energy series. 

Bearing in mind the foregoing definitions 
of stimulation, we have in mechano-vital vi- 
bration a true physiologic stimulant. It is 
capable, in discreet hands, of seconding Na- 
ture's methods and synergizing all the vital 
functions. But it must not be forgotten that 
physiologic stimulation itself may be exces- 
sive, in which case it becomes an irritant, 
and eventually a depressant. 


The nomenclature of science is at present, 
always has been, and necessarily will always 
continue to be in a condition of constant 
transition. This causes, especially in medical 


literature, more or less confusion of terms. 
Many professional disputes and misunder- 
standings arise from this very common dis- 
agreement in the matter of definitions. 

Like the popular misuse of the word stim- 
ulation, vibration is indiscriminately used by 
some writers to cover and include all forms 
of mechanical processes that consist of rap- 
idly repeated motion, regardless of its char- 
acter or direction. The lexicographers them- 
selves permit, if they do not authoritatively 
teach, this use of the word. It is derived di- 
rectly from the Latin, Vibrare, which is de- 
fined, "to set in tremulous motion, to swing; 
to oscillate; move one way and the other; 
play to and fro; to move in any kind of sta- 
tionary motion under forces of restitution, 
commonly with a rapid motion; to produce a 
vibratory or resonant effect; thrill; quiver,** 
etc., etc. Vibration is further defined as "an 
oscillating reciprocating, or any kind of sta- 
tionary motion made by a body, as a pen- 
dulum, musical cord, elastic plate or mass of 
air, when forced from the figure, position or 
volume of equilibrium, under the influence 
of the forces of restitution." The term oscil- 
lation is, however, more commonly used to 
describe the motion of a body which is being 
acted upon as a whole by the force of gravity, 
such as a pendulum ; while Vibration is com- 
monly, and ought to be, limited to a motion 


with rapid reciprocations, interruptions or ev- 
olutions. In medical literature the word is 
frequently synonymous with the word fre- 
mitus, the original meaning of which is, ''a 
dull, roaring, humming, murmuring sound," 
a description especially applicable to the del- 
icate rhythmic impulses imparted to the chest 
walls by the emission of vocal sounds. 

It would clear up the confusion of terms if 
vibratory motion, therapeutically considered, 
v^ere divided into three distinct varieties, 
namely; vibration proper, percussion, and 
oscillation. Some writers add gyration, but 
this seems rather a modification of oscilla- 
tion, the difference being a change in the 
direction cf the motion. A legitimate sub- 
division may be made by combining any two 
of these in the same effort, as, vibration and 
percussion, oscillation and percussion, etc. 
Technically and accurately speaking, both 
percussion and oscillation should be classed, 
not as vibration itself, but as inciters of vi- 
bration within the tissues. 

A peculiar feature relating to the difference 
in the stroke-effects of the different vibrators 
iiJ the market has not yet been mentioned by 
any author with whom I am familiar. Those 
instruments which afford only the direct per- 
cussion stroke give but one direction to the 
imparted impulse, viz., a perpendicular and 
penetrative one. Instruments, on the other 


hand, which combine both percussion and 
oscillation possess the additional facility of 
imparting a lateral and labile movement to 
the impulses transmitted. Whoever will take 
the pains to study this lateral movement will 
note that it is always in one and the same 
direction, which can be made either afferent 
or efferent. The direction of this impulse- 
movement can be tested and verified by oper- 
ating a ball vibratode over a pile of loose 
sheets of paper. Under firm pressure the 
sheets will be seen to "creep" from under 
the vibratode, each sheet at a different rate 
of speed, but all in the same direction. It at 
once becomes apparent that it is not a matter 
of indifference whether the impulse imparted 
to the tissues is efferent or afferent. The ef- 
ferent movement tends to direct the circula- 
tion and the nerve forces from the centers 
toward the extremities, while the afferent di- 
rection has an opposite effect. 

Dr. Farmer, of this city, first called the 
writer's attention to this hitherto overlooked 


Our latest theories concerning matter seem 
to establish the fact that the heat of the body 
is caused by and dependent upon the friction 


of molecules, or their infinitesimal subdivision 
into ions moving^ among themselves. That 
mechano-vital vibration is capable of accel- 
erating this intermolecular or intercorpuscu- 
lar motion is positively proved by the fact 
that it can be applied so as to increase the 
temperature of a part. On the other hand 
it can be modified so s^s to cause a decrease 
in the temperature of a locality, org^n, or 
part, and on occasion, of the entire system. 
If the former effect be established the latter 
is no more than a logical sequence. 

It has been determined that one of the 
lowest rates of ethereal vibration of which we 
take cognizance generates heat. These undu- 
lations are termed thermal waves. They 
warm the earth and make organic life pos- 
sible. A higher rate of vibration, as already 
noted, results in photogenic waves, and these 
produce — ^light. 


Massage has been before the profession for 
some years, and has been developed into a 
very useful and respectable art. It has ap- 
propriated or coined several descriptive terms 
not used in any other connection, viz., cf- 
fleurage, petrissage, tapotement, etc. But 
while massage proper can be utilized to ex- 
cite or induce vital vibrations, on the part of 


an organism or tissue, it is not in itself a form 
of vibration. To speak of the two in the same 
connection is to be guilty of a confusion of 
terms that should be carefully avoided. 

Among other things, massage is made to 
take the place of proper and normal physical 
exercise. Muscles may be kneaded, pinched 
and squeezed into a more supple and respon- 
sive condition, the cutaneous circulation 
quickened or equalized, and the superficial 
lymphatics stimulated to greater activity. 
But the most expert masseur does not ordi- 
narily undertake to aflfcct the deep-seated 
nerve-trunks, the spinal ganglia, and only 
slightly and superficially the splanchnics and 
sympathetic system of nerves, or the pro- 
founder glands and absorbents. 

Mechano-vital vibration, in its renascent 
form, is but a few years old, is yet without a 
literature, and has before it a field to which 
massage can never aspire. Its distinguishing 
feature consists in its power to profoundly 
affect and control, stimulate or inhibit any 
organic function, gland or viscus, as well as 
the nerve and blood supply of any part of 
the organism, through its nerve control or 
trophic centers. 

Massage differs from Vibration in the 
method of its application. While the former 
is usually applied at or near the seat of the 
pain or local disturbance, with a view to pal- 


Hating or dispersing it, the latter is not only 
applied locally but accomplishes many of its 
most brilliant results reflexly. Furthermore, 
the intelligent vibrationist, in all serious 
cases, seeks out the nerve control or trophic 
center radiating to the part, and either calms, 
stimulates or inhibits it, according to the ef- 
fect desired. Some manufacturers of vibra- 
tory apparatus persist in calling their instru- 
ments machines for producing "vibra-mas- 
sage." If their machines are no more than 
mechanical masseurs they are not worthy of 
being called vibrators. An apparatus that 
merely, more or less rapidly rubs the patient, 
in one or more directions, may be aptly 
termed a "vibra-massage" machine. 

Massage has a definitely limited field, and 
has realized its limitations. 

Mechanical or mechano-vital vibration has 
before it an unlimited field, and is yet in its 
swaddling clothes. 

Massage may be made available for certain 
results, not necessarily all superficial, but it 
should never be confounded with mechanical 
vibration or mechano-vital vibratory impulse. 
It is only too evident that those who speak of 
vibration as a form of massage have no con- 
ception of the nature and possibilities of the 

Whatever is accomplished by manual mas- 
sage may be called the result of induced 


and diffused vital vibrations. In comparing 
Massage with Mechano-vital Vibration the 
former is a precursor, a town-crier heralding 
the advent of the coming prince; or it is the 
slow-going mail coach ; while the latter is the 
"twentieth century limited," and wireless 
transmitter. One consumes a painstaking 
hour to accomplish much less profound re- 
sults than are easily eflfected by the other in 
a short five or ten minutes. To discuss the 
two in the same breath is a waste of words. 


Since all nerve impulses unquestionably 
consist of vibrations, it logically and physio- 
logically follows that a disordered nerve is 
one whose vibratory rhythm has been inter- 
rupted or thrown into discord. Admitting 
that trophic centers directly and constantly 
preside, each over its own particular organ 
or tissue, gland, muscle, nerve, viscus, blood- 
vessel, or system of vessels, and that when it 
is compressed, injured or exhausted it causes 
the organ or tissue to flag in its functions, 
and also that, reflexly, any injured, diseased 
or under-nourished organ or tissue depresses 
or reflexly demoralizes the nerve center with 
which it is anatomically associated, it is an 
equally logical and physiological inference 


that any force, process, manipulation or in- 
fluence that will correct the structural asym- 
metry, slight though it may be, and at the 
same time restore the impulse-rhythm of the 
involved nerve mechanism, will thereby prove 
itself a perfectly natural, legitimate and fair- 
ly ideal therapeutic measure. 

To this end, as already noted, all the prom- 
ising or possible resources of art and nature 
have been tentatively invoked, — drugs, man- 
ual manipulation, exercise, the movement 
cure, gymnastics, galvanism and faradism, 
the violet ray and high frequency currents; 
and all of these, together with various psychic 
influences, have been accredited with a great- 
er or less degree of therapeutic virtue; but 
none of them is capable of affording such 
radical and satisfactory results as have been 
accomplished by mechano-vital vibration. 

The principle itself is not new, but the 
method of utilizing it has been but recently 
made conveniently and efficiently available. 
A careful investigation of it, including the 
severest clinical tests, will convince the in- 
quirer that it is at once ingenious, strictly 
legitimate, and therapeutically comprehen- 



Modern habits of living, with social con- 
straints and conventionalities that have been 
either self-imposed or difficult to escape, 
have combined to induce serious changes in 
the functional tonus, if not in the anatomical 
integrity of the entire nervous system of the 
human animal. In this country in particu- 
lar a neurotic dycrasia has become so com- 
mon that some pathologists are inclined to 
attribute it to inevitable transitional causes — 
a stage in the evolutionary history of the 

In connection with the latest special study 
of the pathology of the nervous system it has 
been observed that in case of disordered 
nerve-ganglia, or of diseased organs or areas 
supplied by the same, the temporary applica- 
tion of a labile, high-tension electrical cur- 
rent along the spine and over the site of the 
various ganglionic centers will be followed 
by a distinct and very perceptible hyperemia 
of those centers whose corresponding organs 
are aflfected, or which are themselves dor- 
mant or disordered. Centers or ganglia not 
thus associated or affected do not show this 
response. For the purpose of this special 
diagnostic symptom the ordinary faradic ma- 
chine is of no avail, its current being of too 
low tension. It requires a high-frequency 
current, such as may be derived from a static 


machine, or from a suitable coil, provided 
with an adequate interrupter, to afford satis- 
factory results. Again, certain areas of the 
body respond to similar tests, showing a dis- 
tinct flush, after their associated spinal cen- 
ters have been subjected to mechano-vital 
vibration. In further illustration of this point 
see plates in the appended "Dictionary of 

In the absence of a suitable current, or on 
account of objection to the application, on 
the part of an oversensitive patient, these 
areas may be detected by digital pressure, 
and will be found to be hyperesthetic, if not 
distinctly painful to the touch. In utilizing 
the static current its efficiency is enhanced if 
the patient be insulated and one pole of the 
machine grounded, in which case a glass 
vacuum electrode having a rather broad sur- 
face should be used. 

Having located the hypersensitive areas, it 
is not difficult for a reasonably expert anato- 
mist to trace the involved organ or tissue. 

Not content with the overrated tempera- 
ture-and-test-meal method of diagnosis, if we 
push the investigation of functional distur- 
bances and organic involvement we will fre- 
quently discover fundamental causes in the 
form of atrophied or contracted muscles, ab- 
sorbed cartilages, and sometimes slight or 
serious, but unsuspected distortions and dis- 


placements of articulations and osseus struc- 
tures. These slight vertebral and other devi- 
ations — the stock in trade of the disciples of 
Osteopathy — are actually present in a large 
number of cases in which they have escaped 
the notice of even expert diagnosticians, sim- 
ply because the latter have not looked for 
them. They have resulted from muscular 
contractures, faulty habits as to bodily posi- 
tions or attitudes, imperfect nutrition of the 
parts, impeded circulation, caused by pres- 
sure from the clothing worn, or otherwise, 
or from local abscesses, or disease. Other 
bones than those of the spinal column, espe- 
cially the ribs, scapulae and pelvic bones are 
quite subject to asymmetric deviations, which 
sometimes cause pressure upon nerve ganglia 
or their radiating branches, and thus serious- 
ly interfere with some one or more of the 
vital functions. 


A phase of vibratory therapeutics which 
has as yet received scant attention, deserves 
to be mentioned. It relates to the inaugura- 
tion and cultivation of immunity. 

With all the long search for antiseptics and 
antitoxins, and notwithstanding the much 
faith formerly and still indulged in as to their 


efficiency, it is beginning to be realized that 
there are a thousand helpful germs to one 
that is hurtful; and that even the inimical,, 
'^pathogenic" or malignant germs fail to find 
a foothold in the human organism, or to do 
any damage, until the subject has fallen from 
physiologic grace, or, in military terms, has 
been forced to withdraw or surrender his 
picket lines of defence. This means that in 
any rational practice — continuing the martial 
metaphor — ^the skirmish line must be kept 
constantly reenforced from the main body of 
the army. Dropping the metaphor, this is in 
eflfect saying that when the vital forces — 
essentially nerve forces — are maintained at 
their, normal standard, and the organism is 
kept constantly supplied with the necessary 
pabulum for its growth, maintenance and 
force-expenditure, its lubrication and repair, 
it is practically immune to attack or infection 
of any kind and from any source. 

The primary factors are headed by the gen- 
eral one of heredity, and this means bodily 
construction, structural integrity and tem- 
perament. Next to this is environment, 
which may be local, incidental and transient, 
or it may be, according to circumstances, in- 
evitable and permanent. These must always 
be considered, and often combated, because 
they exist under circumstances which can 
not be radically changed. 


With these fundamentals every study of 
the, individual has always and invariably to 
reckon. If they be primarily and unchange- 
ably unpropitious the vital battle is to this 
extent complicated and made more strenuous. 

Thus, human development, when studied 
from the standpoint of individuals is more or 
le^s, in each case, hampered by organic, func- 
tional and temperamental divergencies and 
peculiarities. Ignoring mental traits, which 
are subject to the same discrepancies, there 
are anatomic peculiarities. Certain sets of 
muscles are well developed in one and scarce- 
ly more than rudimentary in another. One 
man's nerves are, popularly speaking, all on 
the surface, while another's are so innately 
stolid as to be seldom in evidence. The for- 
mer wears his heart on his sleeve, and tosses 
on sleepless pillows; the latter takes no 
thought of cankering care, is not hypersensi- 
tive, and loses no sleep on account of friend 
or foe. The stock of vitality with which each 
is endowed varies in quality as well as quan- 
tity, and both these terms vary in proportion 
to existing structural, physiologic and physi- 
cal diflferences. 

Rosenbach calls this factor predisposition, 
and then defines predisposition as the faculty 
of the individual to receive kinetic and innate 
energy in consequence of definite stimula- 
tions, and to convert it into work, tangi- 


hie results, — vital accomplishment. The re- 
alized results in case of two different indi- 
vidual organisms is far from uniform, and 
this gives occasion for the attempted arrange- 
ment of tables of variants; but these can 
probably never be reduced to mathematical 
accuracy. It is the rate, rhythm and regular- 
ity of metabolism that determine the com- 
parative degree of the condition called health, 
and that rate, rhythm and regularity depend 
upon the completeness of organic develop- 
ment and the generation and transmission of 
normal or competent impulses to the various 
structures involved. 

Prof. Loeb, whose experiments seem to 
warrant his conclusions, is of the opinion that 
when we thoroughly master the question of 
these variants, as they relate to the human 
organism, we shall be able to confer defi- 
nite immunity from all ordinary diseases 
upon all who will conform to the necessary 
conditions. This will virtually reduce the 
causes of death to old age and accident The 
point he has most clearly demonstrated is 
that very slight causes are sufficient, if per- 
sistently repeated or kept active, to bring 
about almost incredible results, in the matter 
of development, function and activity. As if 
reciprocally. Nature has ordained that equal- 
ly slight changes suffice to change disordered 
into rhythmic, and morbid into normal activ- 


ities, thereby overcoming diseased action and 
reestablishing health. Metabolism is the 
rather modern name for all the processes as- 
sociated toward this result, which processes 
include all that is described under the head 
of digestion, absorption, assimilation, circula- 
tion, secretion, elimination and excretion, — 
sometimes more tersely described as anabo- 
lism and catabolism, constructive and de- 
structive metamorphosis. The climax of 
metabolism is reached at the parting of the 
ways between growth and decay, energy con- 
structive and energy destructive. It all re- 
solves itself into a question of gain and loss, 
building and tearing down, accepting and re- 
jecting, ingestion and ejection; since all that 
enters must soon or later, in one form or an- 
other find exit. 

It is comparatively easy to provide the re- 
quired materials, and it is customary, in a 
perfunctory way, to accredit the stomach with 
being the laboratory in which all vital force 
is generated. In a general sense this may 
be admitted; but without direct and constant 
innervation the stomach would be no better 
than a flexible leather pouch, a convenient 
receiving vault for dietetic ensilage, which 
would decompose but not digest. Back of 
all vital action is this mysterious initiative 
of all living manifestations, of all sentient 
being, of all thought, and of every form of 
'c process. 


The four excretory organs, channels, sew- 
ers or outlets through which refuse and or- 
ganic ashes are washed out of the system, are 
the intestines, kidneys, lungs and skin. The 
liver and spleen constitute the systemic re- 
finery, a kind of joint organic laboratory in 
which secretions and circulating fluids re- 
ceive some necessary finishing touches. 

A stimulant is any agent that temporarily 
increases the functional activity of any organ 
or tissue, either by enhancing its innerva- 
tion, or by overcoming any existing impedi- 
ments or obstructions to its activity. On this 
basis stimulants may be divided into three 
general classes: 

1. Agents or influences that increase the 
irritability of nerve centers, or the conductiv- 
ity of nerve trunks and nerve fibers. 

2. Agents that promote the conversion of 
potential into kinetic energy, by increasing 
the activity of a function, through inciting 
either a more rapid or a more powerful 
transformation of its energy. 

3. Agents or influences which act by re- 
straining or depressing such nerve centers as 
possess an inhibitory power over any given 
function, thus removing the checks to its per- 
fect freedom. 

Mechano-vital vibration can be made to 
perform the function of a physiologic stimu- 


lant to the quartet of organs already men- 
tioned and happily named by some author as 
the "big four" of elimination, to the refining 
laboratory the liver, seconded by the spleen, 
and as an apt exemplar in each of the varie- 
ties of stimulating agents described. 

When the nerve centers are in normal con- 
dition some of these reflex responses and re- 
actions either over the ganglia or at the 
associated areas, can be secured by means of 
a few light taps of the percussion hammer, 
applied at the points indicated. When this 
normal condition has been changed to one of 
disorder, debility or depression, with lessen- 
ed sensibility and conductivity as the leading 
symptom, it requires a succession of blows 
and a frequency of repetition varying all the 
way from a few hundred to many thousands 
per minute to arouse a proper response. 


Taking these demonstrated facts into 
account it is easy to understand how and why 
mechano-vital vibration can be made a pow- 
erful aid to elimination. Superficially it 
arouses a dormant, relaxed or debilitated skin 
to effective activity, and maintains it in that 
vigorous condition. Applied to the respira- 


tory centers it increases the intake of oxygen 
by deepening and invigorating the inspiratory 
effort. Directed to the splanchnics and the 
centers associated with the digestive func- 
tion, and directly over the course of the col- 
on, it promotes peristalsis, stimulates intesti- 
nal absorption and the prompt elimination 
of waste and refuse matter. Applied to the 
control centers of the kidneys it prompts 
these organs to greater activity, relieves them 
of congestion, and can be so manipulated as 
to cause relaxation of the ureters, thus favor- 
ing rapid exit of kidney waste that would 
otherwise be long enough retained to become 
a serious source of irritation, congestion and 
chronic inflammation. 

Lastly, vibratory stimulation is competent 
to aid elimination in a general way, by im- 
parting to all the functions a fresh impulse 
of physiologic energy, which as already stat- 
ed, under intelligent management entails no 
undesirable reactions. 


In the field of modern therapeutics it is be- 
coming quite apparent, even to the most con- 
servative, that routine treatment of diseases 
is steadily and everywhere losing caste. Pills, 

plasters and potions are no longer looked 
upon as inevitable and indispensable, or a3 
other than palliative, and at most indirectly 
curative. The medical schools, cults and 
schisms are every year broadening their ten- 
ets, breaking down prejudices, growing toler- 
ant, and approaching each other. Exclusive- 
ness and sect trademarks are going out of 
fashion. The rational test of the practitioner 
of today is attainments rather than preten- 
sions. The Examining Boards and even the 
public are beginning to ask, "What do you 
know?'' instead of, "Who signed your diplo- 
ma?" The dogmatic inculcations of the past 
are coming to be looked upon as narrow as- 
sumptions which are neither final nor funda- 
mental, as was so implicitly taught and be- 
lieved a generation or two ago. In those days 
Nature was premeditately ignored, and the 
foremost practitioners either carelessly neg- 
lected or arrogantly disdained their most 
rational allies. 

This is by no means an explosion of thera- 
peutic nihilism. Drugs have an important 
sphere, but it is becoming apparent that this 
sphere has its definite limitations, and these 
limitations are every year becoming better 
known and more adequately appreciated. For 
example, alleged "laws of cure" have almost 
imperceptibly resolved themselveis into a 
more or less open, though sometimes uncon- 





PLATE 11. 


Fig. G. Small Soft Rubber Bell Applicator. 

Fig. 7. Small Soft Rubber Bell Applicator with Flanged Mouth. 

Fig. 8. Brush Applicator. 

Fig. 9. Soft Rubber Brush for the Scalp and Sensitive Surfaces. 

Fig. 10. Short Fhiid Applicator for Rectum, Vagina, etc. 

scious, recognition of the one law of Nature, 
which makes all the "discovered" and invent- 
ed "laws" look cheap, inadequate and fairly 
inane. Simplicity is usurping the place of 
aforetime mystery. Mechanotherapy is one 
of the fruits of this evolutionary, or revolu- 
tionary movement, and Mechano-vital Vibra- 
tion is one of the most rational and promising 
of the newer mechanical agencies now being 
invoked. As has recently been proved by 
abundant and unquestioned clinical demon- 
strations, this measure is capable of inducing 
so many and such opposite physiologic ef- 
fects tljat its advocates and devotees may be 
excused for a liberal percentage of mistakes, 
a reasonable degree of overassurance, and 
some, possibly unwarranted, expectancy. 
There are no curealls, and realizing this, the 
former faith in miracles is evolving into a 
faith in science. 


The following strictly physiologic results 
may be confidently expected to follow the 
intelligent application of mechano-vital vibra- 

(1) The acceleration of a languid and 
slowing of an excited pulse; hence improved 
local and general circulation. 


(2) The temporary congestion of a part, 
if desired^ as a result of calling to it an ab- 
normal supply of blood. 

(3) Temporary depletion of a part, at 
will, by diminishing the circulation through 

(4) Enhanced nutrition of a part through 
increasing its circulation. 

(5) Increased elimination through the 
skin and other emunctories, by stimulating 
the superficial lymphatics and the deeper 
seated eliminating organs, through direct 
vibratory applications, or by stimulating the 
spinal nerves that actuate and control them. 

(6) Enhanced muscular tone. 

(7) Increased action on the part of all 
the secretory organs and tissues, — liyer, pan- 
creas, spleen, alimentary mucous membrane, 
and all glandular organs. 

(8) Improved general metabolism, result- 
ing from the foregoing increased activity of 
all the vital functions. 

(9) Discussion, dispersion and elimination 
of hypertrophies, abnormal growths, exu- 
dates and infiltrations. 

(10) Relief from the results of suboxida- 
tion within the tissues. 

(11) Relaxation of contracted muscles. 

(12) Immediate relief of many forms of 
pain, whether peripheral or deep-seated. 


(13) Dormant nerve centers aroused to 
normal activity. 

(14) Overactive nerve centers, in extreme 
cases, inhibited and soothed to normal ten- 

(15) Increased interstitial oxidation, and 
therefore increased heat production. 

Based on the foregoing, the therapeutic 
possibilities of mechano-vital vibration may 
now be more definitely and confidently 

On the circulation it can be made to pro- 
duce positive and apparently contradictory 
results. In other vsrords, arterial tension can 
be either increased or diminished, according 
to the methods and intensity of applications, 
and any given viscus or tissue can be made 
hyperemic or relieved of hyperemia, at will. 

Again, the tension or activity of any spe- 
cial nerve center can be either increased or 
diminished, and dormant nerves, whether af- 
ferent or efferent, can be aroused and restor- 
ed to normal function. Local congestion can 
be both induced and dispersed. Hyperesthet- 
ic nerves and areas of hyperesthesia can be 
pleasantly and quickly relieved, and all the 
vital processes, metabolism, nutrition, assimi- 
lation and elimination, markedly accelerated. 

Relying on these effects, clinical results 
abundantly corroborate the logical inference 
that mechano-vital vibration can be made to 


materially assist in reducing hypertrophies 
and discussing nearly all forms of neoplasms 
and morbid growths. 

Since the Roentgen and ultra-violet rays 
are simply immeasurably rapid forms of vi- 
bratory motion, it is reasonable to infer that 
their action is a result of this motion. Ac- 
cording to Sajous, the philosophy of the ac- 
tion of rapid vibratory impulses in destroying 
morbid tissues in thus explained: 

They cause a local heat accumulation and 
congestion, which induces a rapid and exten- 
sive immigration of nutrophile leucocytes, and 
these, through their phagocytic and fibrogen- 
ic properties, convert the degenerated cellu- 
lar elements into benign products. 

Mechanical vibration, in a lesser degree, 
reaches the same results. It induces local 
hyperemia, a local increase of temperature, 
and presumably an influx of leucocytes and 
phagcocytes; whence follows that process of 
phagocytic digestion which is Nature's meth- 
od for the removal of the various forms of 
neoplasms including malignant growths. 

It has long been known that manual manip- 
ulation or masage, is a valuable auxiliary in 
the treatment of these maladies, and it is easy 
to understand that by increasing the depth, 
force and frequency of the applied impulses, 
by mechanical means, the salutary effects will 
be proportionately increased. 


Control of the circulation, and concurrent- 
ly of local heat production, explains the proc- 
ess and accounts for the results. 

To go more into detail, superficial appli- 
cations of mechano-vital vibration accelerate 
the cutaneous circulation, and promote the 
nutrition of the skin. Its secretions are 
stimulated, so that under this influence a 
previously harsh and dry skin becomes softer 
and more supple. 

The induced increase in the force of the 
circulation, and the promotion of nutritive 
and eliminatory processes naturally results in 
a perceptible increase of the number of red 
corpuscles and of hemoglobin. 

Superficial applications also stimulate the 
lymphatics and absorbents, the value of which 
result, in all morbid conditions is self-sugges- 

Mechano-vital vibratory stimulation of the 
lymphatics and absorbents is of the utmost 
value in connection with the use of the x- 
ray, ultra-violet ray, and high-frequency cur- 
rents, when treating maligfnant growths. 
With this combination, no doubt some of the 
reported failures in the use of x-ray could 
have been made successful. 

By deep applications the deep-seated nerve 
ganglia can be reached, and profoundly af- 
fected, and, as in case of superficial applica- 
tions, the action of these ganglia may be 


either soothed, stimulated or inhibited, ac- 
cording to the length and intensity of the ap- 
plications. In fact, as already set forth, one 
of the most important fields of mechanical 
vibration is in connection with these ganglia, 
and with the recognized trophic centers of 
the nervous system. Each of the spinal gang- 
lia is a storage battery of vital electricity, and 
each is credited with presiding over some 
one, — sometimes conjointly over more than 
one, — function or process. When the ganglia 
radiating to, and in the main controlling any 
area or organ is stimulated, that particular 
organ or area responds. Of course, it is un- 
derstood that many ganglia are closely in- 
terrelated, and thus provide auxiliary power, 
one for the other, in case of accident, or in- 


Omitting much that might be said con- 
cerning trophic centers, heat centers, nutri- 
tive centers, etc., a dormant or debilitated 
ganglia may be stimulated, and often fully 
restored to normal activity by an intelligent 
application of mechano-vital vibration. 

Coming at once to the illustration and 
practical application of the treatment, the pa- 
tellar reflex is an apt instance. It receives 
its impulse and is controlled by the second 


and third lumbar ganglia. This is merely an 
illustrative example. 

The brain may be reached and influenced 
by applications made over several pairs of 
ganglia, ranging from the second to the sev- 
enth dorsal. The eyes through the third ccr* 
vical, and, to some extent, through the vari- 
ous centers, as low as the. fourth dorsal. Re- 
cent cases of ptosis of the eyelid have been 
promptly relieved by deep applications over 
the seat of the third cervical. The external 
ear is reached through the sixth cervical. 
The middle ear may be influenced by appli- 
cations made, from the second dorsal upward, 
as well as by applications to the front and 
sides of the neck. 

In treating the throat, the applications are 
to be made by suitable "vibratodes" behind 
the rami of the inferior maxillary, or inter- 
nally by means of fluid applicators. In ane- 
mic conditions of the throat, these applica- 
tions should be very light, so as to stimulate, 
while in congestive conditions deeper pres- 
sure will be more effective in disgorging the 
blood vessels, and dispersing the congestion. 
In acute and subacute pharyngitis and laryn- 
gitis, as encountered in professional singers, 
some very striking results can be obtained. 
In these cases, vigorous stimulation of the 
lymphatics of the neck and axillary region, 
and also brisk stimulation of both the liver 


and spleen, will add to the effectiveness and 
permanency of the treatment. 

The heart is reached through various cen- 
ters, all the way from the third cervical to 
the fourth dorsal. To affect the lungs, deep 
vibration is to be applied to the third, fourth, 
fifth and sixth dorsal centers. To relax an 
obstructed pylorus, deep applications are to 
be made over the fourth dorsal on each side 
alternately, and to the solar plexus and pneu- 

The centers from the sixth to the ninth 
dorsal, of the right side, influence the liver, 
while the same pairs of the left control the 
spleen. The eighth dorsal is associated with 
the pancreas, to reach which the solar plexus 
should also be treated. The latter, more or 
less influences all the pelvic viscera. 

Nausea, from the usual causes, can gen- 
erally be relieved by vigorous but very tran- 
sient vibration applied to the fourth dorsal 
on the left side. 

When the pelvic organs are diseased or 
congested there will ordinarily be found one 
or more hyperesthetic points along the spine, 
over the fifth lumbar and the eighth dorsal, 
more frequently than at other points. In 
ovarian trouble, it will generally be found 
that the fifth lumbar and twelfth dorsal are 
more directly involved. 


One general caution may be reiterated, 
namely, that the amateur operator is almost 
certain to overdo the treatment. As a rule 
the applications must be very brief, varying 
from five to twenty seconds at each point. 
This is especially true when deep pressure 
is being applied. For other examples see 
plates ilktstrating related areas, etc. 


It follows that whatever influence sends 
two nerve impulses where one was formerly 
sent is capable of accomplishing physiologic 
and therapeutic wonders. And this is a feat 
preeminently possible to mechano-vital vi- 
bration. Applied to the pneumogastric 
branch and gastric plexus supplying the 
stomach it can be so adjusted as to greatly 
enhance digestive energy. It does this in a 
most natural and physiologic manner, sim- 
ply by accelerating all the processes con- 
cerned. Thus, increasing the circulation in 
the organ, its temperature is slightly increas- 
ed, the normal secretions are more abun- 
dantly poured out, its muscular walls ren- 
dered more firm and elastic, so that its churn- 
ing and peristaltic movements are accelerated 
and made efficient. Judiciously applied, it 
accomplishes these results without encroach- 
ing upon other normal functions, setting up 


irritations, or in other words, without rob- 
bing Peter to pay Paul. These may be term- 
ed physiologic and mechanical effects, al- 
though they are really more than this. There 
is another effect which is chemical in nature, 
and, as already stated, is too generally over- 
looked; it is the increased demand for oxy- 
gen, without which no vital process can be 
either inaugurated or fully completed. The 
increased liberation of CO* follows as a nat- 
ural sequence, as does the elimination of 
all other noxious by-products which are the 
prolific and sole source of that modern bete 
noire — autointoxication. Stimulating the 
pneumogastric nerves increases respiratory 
depth and vigor, and this, as is well known, 
promotes the functional activity and tone of 
all the organs. 

Applied to secreting and excreting organs, 
either directly or through their governing 
centers, it contributes functional aid, without 
entailing corresponding reaction and ultimate 
depression and exhaustion. It relaxes con- 
tracted and tones up relaxed and flabby mus- 
cular walls, layers and structures; it pro- 
motes lymphemia and lymphangiectasis ; it 
can be made to both dilate and contract the 
capillaries, and by this means is a valuable 
aid in removing extravasations, infiltrations 
and exudations, before they have become or- 
ganized or solidified, and in breaking up ad- 


hesions, even after they have become firm 
and comparatively permanent. It restores to 
normal the nutrition of any debilitated or un- 
der-nourished organ, viscus, muscle or tis- 
sue, and in general, promotes and accelerates 
delayed or obstructed metabolism through- 
out the system. Reflexly it induces many, of 
these results, not by direct applications to the 
parts themselves, but by stimulation of the 
cerebro-spinal and sympathetic centers. Thus, 
nerve tissue, made up of a combination of 
neurons, axons and distal termini, may be 
influenced, as already explained, by direct ap- 
plications at or near its origin, at its termi- 
nal tufts, or along its course. 

The rationale of these results has already 
been adverted to. It may be further explain- 
ed by studying the effects of rapidly inter- 
rupted wave or vibratory motion when ap- 
plied to nerve tissue. The investigations of 
Vas, Starr, Hodge, Mann and others prove 
that under the influence of such applications 
profound chemical and physiologic changes 
are induced in the cells, cell nuclei and neu- 
rons. Omitting any attempt at a technical 
description of these changes in detail, for all 
practical purposes it is sufficient to know that 
cell and nerve nutrition are definitely and pro- 
foundly affected. Thus mild stimulation, 
that is, stimulation that is arrested short of 
fatigue, increases the blood-supply of the 


tissue acted upon, and as a consequence the 
cells swell, clear up in the center, and absorb 
nutrition. If stimulation be carried to the 
stage of moderate fatigue, followed by prop- 
er rest or relaxation, the tired nerve will re- 
cuperate of itself, provided the circulation is 
thoroughly maintained in condition to supply 
adequate nutrition. 


Clinical attestation of the truth of these 
assertions is readily obtained. Thus, apply- 
ing deep but momentary mechanical vibra- 
tion to the eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh and 
twelfth dorsal ganglia produces temporary di- 
lation of the aorta, which can be readily de- 
tected, especially at the arch. Changing the 
application to the seventh cervical instantly 
reverses this effect. Lightly vibrating the 
skin over the lower margin of the liver 
causes the lower border of that organ to per- 
ceptibly recede, showing that the organ con- 
tracts in size under vibratory applications. 
Contraction of the stomach to a sufficient 
degree to illustrate its motile power prompt- 
ly follows similar applications to the first, 
second and third lumbar centers. Applica- 
tions over the seventh cervical cause the 
heart to contract. Scores of other examples 
and illustrations might be cited. 



Fig. 11. Long Fluid Applicator for Rectum and Vagina. 

Fig. 12. Extra Long Applicator with Attachment for Flushing Colon. 

Fijt. 13. Metal Cone for Dilating Spliincter .\ni and reducing Hemorrhoids. 


The success of Art depends upon the ac- 
curacy with which it imitates or reproduces 
Nature. Even the gorgons, hydras and 
dragons, the Phoenix and the Dodo, so much 
aped in classic literature and mythology, and 
the grinning, grotesque and hideous gorgoy- 
les, so prominently used to indicate high- 
water mark in ornamental furnishings and 
architecture, are all caricatures, and there- 
fore imitations of natural objects. 

To this rule therapeutic art is no excep- 
tion. No substance or material, mold, mol- 
lusk or mephitic vapor, nostrum, nitrite or 
narcotic, vegetable poison or villainous vul- 
nerary, has ever been discovered or con- 
cocted that is too vile, deadly or disgusting 
to be eagerly tested by some therapeutic in- 
vestigator with a view to its remedial value. 
But in every instance in which a therapeutic 
reputation has been acquired there has been 
some real or far-fetched resemblance to some- 
thing normal and natural, to food, drink or 

Hydrotherapy has it rain bath, its shower 
bath and its plunge. Phototherapy and Ther- 
motherapy filch their virtues directly or in- 
directly from the sun; and so on through the 

Vibratotherapy, or if you will, Rhythmo- 
therapy, the newest and most important va- 


riety of mechanotherapy, is even more direct- 
ly copied from organic processes, from the 
underlying law of life itself, since, as has been 
shown, life originates and is perpetuated 
only through rh3rthmic vibration. 

The legitimacy and perfect propriety of 
utilizing mechano-vibratory movements as 
powerful means for the removal of diseased 
conditions can therefore no longer be ques- 

Mechano-vital or Rhythmic treatment may 
be briefly described under three heads — ^local, 
general and special. Each of these divisions 
or classes may be further subdivided into 
deep and superficial, short and prolonged^ la- 
bile and stabile. For deep applications, es- 
pecially along the spinal column, with a view 
to influence the spinal ganglia, a special form 
of applicator is required. Usually it is in the 
form of a round, semi-solid rubber ball. (See 
cut) Another form is a hard rubber or metal- 
lic, egg-shaped body, or obtuse cone. Super- 
ficial applications do not need special descrip- 
tion. They are administered by means of 
oval or flat disks, made of metal, hard rubber 
or wood. When of metal they are sometimes 
covered with a soft rubber cap or cushion. 
The terms short and long, as applied to de- 
scribe the stroke, are self-explanatory. With 
most forms of vibratory machines only sta- 
bile applications are feasible. With all the 


fiexible-artn machines that are supplied with 
properly shaped applicators the labile touch 
may be readily imparted. It is an important 
and decidedly useful form of application. 
With the so-called "rigid-arm" machine this 
form of application is practically very limited 
or impossible. Whether deep or shallow work 
is realized depends very much on the length 
and rapidity of the stroke imparted to the 
applicator. This may be long, medium or 
short, slow, medium or rapid, according to 
the will of the operator, although in some of 
the machines in the market there is no way 
of regulating the length or intensity of the 
stroke. In selecting a machine this point 
should not be overlooked. Lack of means 
for gauging the length of the stroke should 
be considered a fundamental fault. Without 
this facility the best work can not be realized. 

Furthermore, the manufacturers and in- 
terested advocates of the rigid arm form of 
machine expend too much effort and enthus- 
iasm in attempting to prove that no other 
machine is capable of accomplishing any thor- 
oughly satisfactory results. They succeed 
to the extent of indirectly advertising the 
serious handicap of non-adaptability in case 
of their own machines. 

To be limited to deep stabile applications 
and to light stabile contact with the various 
parts of the body is to be deprived of some 


of the finest effects of this valuable therapeu- 
tic measure. Stabile applications are efficient 
in producing tonic. and stimulant effects; but 
they are comparatively deficient in power to 
induce those of a soothing and sedative char- 
acter, which are quite as important as the 
more robust modalities. 

As will be inferred, all the various and ap- 
parently contradictory effects of mechano- 
vital vibration depend upon, first, the means 
used; second, on the method of application; 
and third, on the anatomical area or locality 
to which the applications are addressed. 

The question of means includes the selec- 
tion of machines and appliances, and the dis- 
crimination exercised in this direction will de- 
termine the degree of success attainable by 
each manipulator of the treatment. Each 
manufacturer naturally insists that his partic- 
ular apparatus combines all the desirable fea- 
tures, and overcomes all the objectionable 
ones of all other instruments. Physicians 
themselves are too apt to become partisans, 
or at least very much prejudiced in favor of 
whatever form of static machine, coil, oper- 
ating chair, or vibrator they have become 
familiar with, — often to their own more or 
less serious disadvantage. In a general and 
very extensive practice two or more different 
styles may be found more satisfactory than 
any one form of apparatus. Among the many 

devices offered there are several good ones, 
and a goodly number that are of little or no 
value to the professionally ambitious practi- 
tioner. The suggestions already given will 
serve as a guide in making a selection. It is 
also well to bear in mind that progress is 
the order of the day, and that as the faults 
of the existing models become apparent, and 
the needs of the profession are made known, 
improvements are constantly being an* 
nounced. It does not necessarily follow that 
the newest model is an improvement over all 
its predecessors. 

The question of the beginner first of all 
reverts to mechanical means, and the meth- 
ods of practical application. During the few 
years that have elapsed since mechano-vital 
vibration has been made the subject of spe- 
cial study, devices for developing its powers 
and capabilities have multiplied, until there 
is no dearth of "Vibrators" in the market. 
In fact, the idea has been so vulgarized that 
the department stores and sporting goods 
houses are advertising five and ten-dollar 
"Health" vibrators, for home use, while 
many of the fashionable barbers — "Tonsorial 
Artists I" — ^have added "vibrators" to their 
office paraphernalia, and now do their 
shampooing by machinery, calling the proc- 
ess "vibra-massage." 

The crudest of all apparatus is the per- 


cussion hammer. It affords concussion, 
which, although lacking rhythm, may be 
made to initiate a degree of vibratory re- 
sponse in the 'parts percussed. The blows of 
the percussion hammer are not amenable to 
exact regulation, either as to force or fre- 
quency, being limited in the latter direction 
to the possibilities of human muscles for al- 
ternate contraction and relaxation. This va- 
ries acording to individual temperament and 
expertness acquired by practice ; but its range 
scarcely exceeds a maximum of a few hundred 
strokes per minute, at most. Slow and com- 
paratively uncontrollable as to force, and 
without any pretense of rh3rthm, as is this 
method of arousing vibratory response, on 
the part of a given tissue or structure, there 
is no question but that a limited range of 
definite results can be accomplished by a deft 
use of it. Except for diagnostic purposes il 
has never been, and probably never will be 
much utilized. 

The next means consists in manual manipit 
lation, comes under the head of massage, 
and has already been briefly described and 
compared. The professional operator or 
masseur does not call his art vibration^ nor 
is it; but it induces more or less vibratory 
response on the part of the tissues and struc- 
tures manipulated. Manual massage, again, 
is not susceptible of regulation as to rate or 


rhythm; but it accomplishes some important 
results, in addition to its stimulation of vibra- 
tory motion on the part of muscles, nerves or 
organs, over which it is applied. It accom- 
plishes nerve and muscle stimulation by 
means of kneading, squeezing, pinching, ex- 
tension and compression, and some of its dis- 
ciples allege a more or less indefinite and not 
well understood degree of "magnetic influ- 

Next come mechanical devices for repeat- 
ing the blows of the percussion hammer, and 
in some cases for a degree of lateral motion 
which constitutes a form of mechanical mas- 

To discriminate between the various con- 
trivances it is necessary to take into account 
several important factors, chief of which is 
definite adjustability of the force, length, 
rapidity of recurrence, and character of the 

Little as we are accustomed to think of it 
in this sense, every form and modality of 
electricity as already stated, is a modality 
of vibration. Faradism represents the slow- 
est and crudest form of electrical vibration, 
for the reason that the device which meas- 
ures the intervals of attraction and repul- 
sion is a mechanical contrivance and subject 
to the limitations of flexible steel. Galvan- 
ism demonstrates its character as vibratory 


motion or energy, by producing heat, and 
causing the dissolution of tissues. The Roent- 
gen and ultra violet rays, and all the high- 
frequency currents are rhythmic vibrations of 
incomputable rapidity. 


The ideal machine for delivering mechano- 
vital vibration should embody certain funda- 
mental features. 

1. It must be mechanically efficient, with 
facilities for accomplishing a wide range of 
work, and must be capable of applying its 
action in any desired direction, and in any 
position of the body. 

2. It must be smooth-running, not 
unnecessarily noisy, readily adjustable, dur- 
able, and not likely to get out of order. 

3. It must administer the major part of 
its impulse to the patient rather than to the 

4. It must be adapted to accommodate, 
and must be supplied with a comprehensive 
variety of applicators or vibratodes. (See 

Many of the machines in the market are 
decidedly lacking in some one or more of 
these essential qualities. Some of them are 
mechanically crude, and quite liable to be out 
of order just when most needed. Others are 


clumsy to handle, or limited as to range of 
work, lack a sufficient variety of applicators, 
or they vibrate the operator almost as much 
as the patient. Still others are unreasonably 

A number of them do fairly good work in 
certain limited lines but are incompetent in 
other lines. For example, several extensively 
advertised machines are especially adapted to 
the administration of deep, penetrative ef- 
fects, over the spinal ganglia and other parts 
requiring deep work, but can not be con- 
veniently utilized for rapid or sweeping sur- 
face work. Accordingly, the advocates of 
these particular machines are compelled to 
make a hobby of deep spinal work, and to 
decry all other varieties as of little or no 
value. In any comprehensive general prac- 
tice, labile and superficial applications are 
quite as important and valuable as the more 
profound work. 

Under the head of "pneuma-massage" sev- 
eral manufacturers have provided attach- 
ments to their vibratory machines, and this 
field is destined to attract much more atten- 
tion than it has yet done. While the particu- 
lar form of manipulation secured is not adapt- 
ed to general work, it has a sphere that 
can not be usurped or effectively imitated 
by any other. The word "pneuma-massage" 
scarcely describes the process. The device 


as usually presented consists essentially of 
a miniature air pump, so constructed that it 
can be adjusted to deliver air-pressure, air- 
suction, and alternate air-suction and air- 
pressure. The value of these effects, locally 
applied, will be apparent to every physician. 
It will also be apparent that these manipula- 
tions are not available for other than local 
and circumscribed or regionally limited ap- 
plication. Their field will be for the most 
part restricted to the face, neck, throat, eye, 
ear, etc. 

Enough has been accomplished to prove 
that in conjunction with the violet ray and 
other electric modalities, much can be done 
to prevent and restore the failing special 
senses, sight, taste, hearing, etc., by means 
of vibration and vibratory massage, and that 
in partial paralysis and atrophy of the nerves 
of special sense, and the general treatment 
of the throat, nose, eyes and ears the aid of 
this auxiliary will prove invaluable. 

Some machines are capable of doing a good 
general variety of work, without excelling 
in any one line. The general practitioner, 
who must limit himself to a single machine 
should select one that combines the principal 
features required for the performance of fair- 
ly effective work in all lines. The specialist, 
on the other hand, should select the machine 
that acquits itself most satisfactorily in his 
particular field of effort. 

Fig, U. Small Fluid Appli&utor fui- Sensitive Pomtd, 

Fif. 15. Small Fluid ApplicalLM* fur Eye, ete^ 

fig. IQ. Inrge Fluid Applicrttor fur Facjc, Eiir and Seoaitive Pojuta. 


To what has already been said it may be 
added that the list supplied by the different 
manufacturers includes some forms of ap- 
plicators which the experienced operator will 
seldom find it necessary to use. The one 
that is most universal is the semi-solid rub- 
ber ball. This ball is sometimes made of 
metal or hard rubber. For this particular 
applicator, semi-solid rubber is preferred by 
most operators. This form is used prin- 
cipally for deep work along the spine and 
wherever deep work is required. 

Disk vibrators, round in shape, and with 
either a flat or convex surface, varying in 
size from that of a half-dollar to about two- 
and-a-half inches in diameter, have their uses, 
and a form with a grooved surface is includ- 
ed in many of the lists. Bell-shaped applicat- 
ors, made of soft rubber are supplied by sev- 
eral manufacturers, in various sizes, of which 
at least two will be found very useful. 

A so-called "brush" applicator, usually 
made of rubber, or some pliable material, 
consists of a disk studded with round-pointed 
projections, has its uses, which will be else- 
where referred to. It is often called a mul- 
tiple-point vibratode. 

A form of applicator, not as yet supplied 
by all of the numerous manufacturers of vi- 


bratory apparatus, is less kno¥ni and appre- 
ciated than it should be. It is a disk about 
four inches in diameter with a slightly 
concave surface and rounded edges. In a 
general practice this large disk can be made 
quite as useful as any of the forms yet de- 
vised, since it can be made gratefully sooth- 
ing to tired, or overstrung nerves and hyper- 
esthetic areas. 

Rectal, urethral, vaginal and uterine vi- 
bratodes are supplied in a variety of forms. 

Quite recently one manufacturer has an- 
nounced a vibrating stand and chair, by 
means of which the entire body can be gent- 
ly subjected to rhjrthmic, vibratory motion. 
Much is claimed for these devices, the idea 
being quite unique; and there are various 
conditions in which they may be found 
specially desirable. It would seem to be a 
more definite, systematic and efficient realiza- 
tion of Granville's theory and observation 
concerning the beneficial effects of carriage 
riding and railway travel. 


The latest advance in the line of appli- 
ances involves an entirely novel principle, 
namely, the interposition of a soft rubber 
cushion filled with distilled water, between 
the applicator and the patient. This device 


can be used with any form of vibrators in 
the market that have suitable means of at- 
tachment and an easily adjustable stroke. 
The result is a touch and stroke as soft and 
pleasant as the feeling of velvet, and yet pos- 
sessing no uncertain degree of effectiveness. 
The eyes, nose, cheeks, brow — even the sub- 
acutely inflamed appendix can be easily and 
pleasantly vibrated with this device, without 
a suspicion of injury, or even of noticeable 
discomfort. For special work about the eyes, 
face, ears, neck, over sensitive organs or 
points, in the vicinity of tumors, in many 
forms of neuritis, neuralgia, insomnia, etc., 
this recent invention opens a new field for 
vibratory treatment. 

Nor is this field limited to the use of hand 
or local applicators. The principle has been 
extended to include a fluid mattress, which 
is constructed in compartments distinct from 
each other, and so arranged that heat may 
be applied to one or more of the compart- 
ments, or to all of them, the degree being 
automatically regulated by a thermostat; or, 
any one of the compartments may be filled 
with water, which by a refrigerating device 
can be chilled down to any desired degree 
above the freezing point, at will, and finally, 
the entire mattress can be made rhythmically 
soothing by vibration. Among the thousands 
of therapeutic and surgical appliances 


brotigfat to the notice of the professkm dur- 
ing the past quarter of a century this is per- 
haps the most unique and interesting, since 
it promises material aid in a number of dis- 
eases and emergencies now classed as the 
most difficult and fatal which it falls to the 
lot of the general practitioner and specialist 
alike to treat. The cases which may be speci- 
ally mentioned are, cerebroqnnal meningi tis, 
typhoid fever, pneumonia, multiple neuritis^ 
insomnia, shock, and certain forms of insan- 
ity. This water bed contemplates the utiliza- 
tion of heat, cold and mechanical vibration, 
applied to the entire body, or to any special 
region, as the head, spinal cord, thorax, pel- 
vis, nates or lower extremities, etc., as de- 
sired. By the combination of heat at one 
extremity, refrigeration at the other, and 
mechanical vibration to the whole bed, very 
powerful derivative effects, it is claimed, may 
be secured. The field is an ambitious one, 
which hospitals and sanatoria may find it 
interesting to investigate. 


Both these are essential points, and on 
their careful adjustment will largely depend 
the question of results, whether these shall 
be a pronounced success or a comparative 


failure. A wrong application, either as to in- 
tensity or duration, may quite negative or 
even reverse the eflSects of any given treat- 
ment. The beginner is inclined to use too 
harsh a stroke, or to over-prolong a perfectly 
proper one. Having selected a proper ap- 
plicator for the work immediately in hand 
and having adjusted the stroke with discre- 
tion, the inexperienced operator should keep 
freshly in mind the essential fact that either 
light or deep pressure, briefly applied, first 
soothes, and then stimulates; while deep and 
prolonged pressure fatigues, and if pushed to 
the extreme, finally inhibits the nerve center 
over which it is applied. 

In sensitive subjects, and in the same sub- 
ject at different times, five seconds may be 
quite sufficient for either soothing or stimu- 
lative results. Those who have been accus- 
tomed to observe the effects of manual mas- 
sage can hardly comprehend, and will be 
loath to credit this statement. 

In certain chronic and obstinate cases, as, 
for example, severe and long-standing con- 
stipation, applications over the spinal ganglia 
— eighth dorsal to the first sacral, may be 
found necessary to permanent relief. It is 
genuinely astonishing to see these cases, not 
merely temporarily relieved, but apparently 
permanently "cured," by no more than half 
a dozen thorough applications. Of course, it 


would be misleading to assert that this is a 
uniform result, since the causes of chronic 
constipation are so numerous and so radically 
different that all cases are by no means indis- 
criminately amenable to this or any other ex- 
clusive and unaided treatment. 

A brief application over any spinal nerve- 
center is usually sufficient to bring the blood 
promptly to the surface of the associated 
area, suffusing the skin, and inducing a faint 
sense of warmth and general glow. By pro- 
longing the application the blood is in most 
cases sent back to the organs or areas that 
are influenced and controlled by the nerve- 
centers acted upon. Thus stasis and conges- 
tions are overcome, the circulation in the 
organs quickened, and as a result, function- 
ating is better performed. 

In severe congestion of any organ direct 
applications to the organ itself, through large 
surface applicators, as a preliminary meas- 
ure, are to be followed by stimulation of ad- 
jacent lymphatics and of all the spinal cen- 
ters, except those immediately associated 
with the congested organ. 


Adding to what has already been said on 
this topic, some writers on the subject of me- 
chanical vibration are inclined to formulate 
certain arbitrary! rules as to the length of 

application, the force or pressure, and the 
quality of the stroke to be used to produce 
the effect aimed at, whether that be stimula- 
tion, sedation or inhibition. This is a grave 
mistake. Arbitrary rules in connection with 
physiologic susceptibilities and vital reactions 
are both inconsistent and irrational. They 
ignore individual peculiarities and the per- 
sonal equation that is always involved. The 
apt diagnostician never loses sight of this es- 
sential feature in making an analysis of each 
subject brought before him, and in the appli- 
cation of mechano-vital vibration it is even 
more decidedly important. Not only do 
individual subjects differ in their susceptibil- 
ity to the treatment, as already set forth, 
but the same person will respond differently 
at different times. Those practitioners who 
have ignored this fact, while experimenting 
with the treatment, have either been disap- 
pointed with the results, in some instances, 
and have convinced themselves that certain 
cases are helped and other quite similar ones 
injured by vibratory applications. Not only 
must e.ach case be studied on its own merits 
and peculiarities, but the applications must 
be adjusted to the patient's varying condi- 
tion and susceptibilities, from day to day. 

The best guide of which I have yet become 
cognizant was suggested by my friend. Dr. 
M. T. Runyon, of Oberlin, Ohio. Dr. Run- 


yon has had much experience with vibratory 
therapeutics, her practice including the pro- 
fessional care of the female students of Ober- 
lin College. The tentative rule suggested by 
this expert operator is based on the observed 
fact that each effective application to spinal 
centers is followed sooner or later by a dis- 
tinct glow or sensation of warmth along the 
spine. Beginning with moderate pressure, the 
application is to be made for a space of five 
seconds at each point. If the patient reports 
the expected glow this is sufficient for that 
case and time. The result will be mild stimu- 
lation. If no warmth is perceptible the vi- 
brator is to be reapplied, the pressure in- 
creased, and the time at each point pro- 
longed, if need be, to eight or ten seconds. 
If still no distinct sense of warmth is 
experienced by the subject, either the pres- 
sure is again increased or the time prolonged 
to fifteen, or even twenty seconds. At one 
seance a patient may give the required test 
after five seconds of moderate pressure, and 
at another sitting the same patient may re- 
quire twice — possibly four times — the pres- 
sure and time to produce an equally satisfac- 
tory result. When stimulation is the object 
in view this sense of warmth up and down 
the spine seems to afford a fairly reliable, 
though not in my experience an invariable 
guide to the time and intensity of the appli- 


cation indicated. In other localities no such 
guide has been determined, but the operator 
can infer from the spinal test approximately 
about how long the applications should be 
made in treating other regions of the body.* 
In beginning the treatment of very suscep- 
tible, very "nervous,** or very weak patients, 
the operator must bear in mind that both 
nerves and muscles of such subjects are eas- 
ily fatigued. The applications must be brief 
and of moderate force, using the shortest 
and lightest stroke of which the apparatus is 
capable. It is better to do too little than 
too much, at the outset. For these subjects 
it is well to use large or pliable applicators 
until the existing hypersensitiveness has been 
measurably overcome, which will usually oc- 
cur after two or three treatments. Some of 
the most enthusiastic commercial advocates 
of the treatment pay little or no heed to 
other regions tljan the spinal centers or gang- 
lia, which is, to say the least a very grave 
blunder. Very important work can be done 
by means of superficial applications, especial- 
ly in connection with superficial nerve 
branches, the cutaneous circulation and the 
lymphatic system. In making general mus- 
culo-cutaneous or superficial applications, 

♦One machine in the market — a portable style — ^makes 
these directions seem inaccurate. In case of this particular 
instrument pressure lessens the intensity or depth of the 
vibratory impulse. With all other instruments that have 
come to my attention this is a virtual contradiction. 


the couch, table or chair, whichever is used. 

The usual appliance is a couch, six feet 
long, two fe(Bt wide, and twenty-six inches 
high. It should have a sloping and slightly 
raised head-rest, or a firm pillow may be 
used. Instead of a couch, any good, adjust- 
able surgical chair answers the purpose even 
better, since it permits of ready revolution, 
and any desired change of position. 

The patient's outer clothing is to be loos- 
ened or removed, to permit of intimate con- 
tact with the surface of any given locality. 
In a very busy practice the better class of 
machines enable the operator to do very 
efficient work outside the clothing. In all 
special cases, however, the removal of at 
least the outer garments should not be omit- 


Too much stress can not ht laid upon the 
importance of diet in conjunction with vibra- 
tory treatment. Most chronic and all the 
wasting diseases are now treated almost ex- 
clusively by "natural remedies," chiefly en- 
vironment and diet. When a sufferer from 
any form of wasting disease puts himself in 
touch with nature, and finds himself capable 
of ingesting, digesting and properly appro- 
priating an increased quantity of food, he 


generally believes, and his physician knows 
that he is on the road to recovery. 

The digestive and assimilative functions are 
especially amenable to the "tonic," which is 
but another name for stimulating influence 
of mechano-vital vibration. It is, however, 
a great mistake to stimulate the function 
without giving especial attention to the qual- 
ity as well as quantity of the food consumed. 
Many general practitioners and most of the 
specialists are lamentably indifferent and 
careless respecting the daily dietaries of their 
patients, usually enjoining a "plain" diet, even 
when it would seriously puzzle them to pre- 
pare an intelligent list of what they term 
"plain" foods. Patients thus miscellaneously 
prescribed for are quite as apt to betake 
themselves to crackers and tea as other- 
wise; and consequently would be as inade- 
quately nourished as if they should attempt 
to subsist on seafoam and sugar. 

Not only is more food required during a 
course of vibratory treatment, the quality 
must be especially looked after. The treat- 
ment is applied directly to the nerves and 
their various ganglia, and while these func- 
tionating intercommunicantes of the entire 
system are so stimulated and invigorated as 
to energize and enhance all the bodily func- 
tions, and cause more rapid and efficient 
general metabolism, the disintegration of 


their own substance is decidedly accelerated, 
and hence nerve-repair must be especially 
and constantly provided for, by a liberal sup- 
ply of nerve-nourishment. Quantity of food 
is not usually at fault. Chittenden has sub- 
stantially shown that a majority of the race 
consume altogether too much food, and while 
his deductions have as yet related more es- 
pecially to healthy, working and exercising 
subjects, there is no doubt that he might 
have included a large majority of invalids, 
with still greater insistence. As a rule in- 
valids are plied with a fairly countless list 
of concentrated, much-prepared and predi- 
gested foods, to such an extent that they are 
constantly and seriously overfed, as regards 
quantity and variety, and this, without any 
intelligent oversight as to the comparative 
composition of the rich and costly pabulum 
supplied to them. What is required is a 
•more rational selection, with generally a dis- 
criminate reduction of the total quantity in- 
gested. In this respect the profession is pri- 
marily to blame. As physicians we must 
plead guilty of either negligence, indifference 
or ignorance. We let the advertising food- 
venders prescribe what our patients shall eat, 
much as we let the advertising proprietors 
of "elegant" pharmaceutical preparations pre- 
scribe our drug-remedies. Our best work 
will not be done until we give more attention 


to this vital question of the feeding of our 
patients. It certainly is not a matter of sec- 
ondary importance, as we have all along and 
almost universally made it. The patient, 
whether suffering from chronic or acute mal- 
adies, who is once placed upon a thoroughly 
correct and competent dietary, has passed the 
rubicon of his disease, regardless of what the 
pharmacopeia is doing or undoing for him. 
His physical destiny is more immediately in 
the hands of his dietist than of his doctor, 
except when his doctor really assumes the 
function of dietist. 


The vital mistake of the present-day diet- 
ist is in forgetting that the human digestive 
canal was never designed and is not adapted 
to dealing with concentrated, prepared and 
predigested aliment. It is anatomically de- 
signed and functionally endowed with a view 
to manipulating, dissociating and intelligent- 
ly disposing of bulky, unprepared and com- 
paratively innutritions comestibles. It there- 
fore demands bulk, and asks for an opportun- 
ity to make its own selection; whereas, we 
give it artificially winnowed proximate prin- 
ciples "ready for immediate assimilation," 
if we can believe the semi-professionally 
sanctioned announcements. The result is 


functional decadence and a gradual loss of 
gastrointestinal capability, simply from per- 
sistent and either wilfully or ignorantly im- 
posed disuse. Anatomy, physiology and the 
feeding history of the race, since its expul- 
sion from the Garden, coincide to establish 
the dietetic canon that the human stomach 
primarily, and the entire digestive tract sec- 
ondarily, require the presence of a certain 
bulk and considerable refuse before they can 
properly act. 

Of such preponderating importance is this 
question of dietetics in every form of dis- 
ease and in connection with every method of 
treatment that the doctor's title M. D. might 
very aptly be made to stand for ''Mind the 
Diet.'* If his patients eat properly, their 
other physiologic peccadilloes will figure as 
mere side shows. The circus proper has its 
innings in the cook's tent. 

The diet is the foundation of health and 
the source of all vitality, consequently of all 
physical, mental and spiritual energy and 

Even morality is an outgrowth of sane 
minds in sound bodies, and the Christianity 
of the day limps because of liver complaint, 
torpid digestive organs, and the uric acid 
diathesis, on the part of its thoughtless, care- 
less or pampered advocates. 


The little Japs won the unequal match 
with the big Russians because they drew 
vigor from virile food instead of from vodke. 

Nine tenths of all the diseases of modern 
life, are the direct or indirect results of faulty 
feeding habits. Thoroughly correct these 
bad habits, stimulate back to normal vigor 
the debilitated digestive fiinction, and the dis- 
eases vanish, without the aid of drugs, masseurs, 
or mental science healers. 


Furthermore, the dietist of today need no 
longer waste his time in vague guessing, in 
pandering to the gustatory whims and preju- 
dices of his patients, or in listening to the 
food faddists and the food pharmacists. He 
can take his cue from the scientific analysts, 
diagnose his patient's particular condition, 
taking into account his weight and tempera- 
ment, as a general groundwork. Previous 
habits and present weaknesses aid in com- 
pleting the physiologic and pathologic pic- 
ture, and after a careful study of the com- 
posite outline, an accurate diagnosis and 
correct diet table should be as easily formu- 
lated, as any problem in mathematics. Not 
that Sir Henry Thompson, Pawlow, Mendel, 
Atwater and Chittenden have had the last 
word, or have yet crystallized their work into 
an inflexible dietetic system, or a finished sci- 

ence. Much yet remains to be demonstrated, 
since many details in physiology and vital 
chemistry refuse to be limited by laboratory 
rules, and yet elude the analyses of the astut- 
est chemist. 

But these investigators have abundantly 
demonstrated that the human body, brain 
and nerves require for their perfect develop- 
ment and constant maintenance three quali- 
ties of food, namely, proteids, fats and car- 
bohydrates; and that these proximate prin- 
ciples must bear a certain proportion to each 
other, in order to adequately meet the nutri- 
tive wants and expenditures of all the va- 
rious tissues of the body. They have fur- 
ther demonstrated that the individual who 
habitually consumes three of four times the 
requisite quantity of proteid foods, will soon- 
er or later suffer the inevitable results, in the 
form of uric acid disturbances, whose name 
is legion, ranging all the way from periodic 
headaches to gout, rheumatism and apoplexy. 
The one who takes too little proteid and too 
much fatty food will suffer from a different 
form of ailment; while a third, who limits his 
dietary chiefly to some form of carbohydrate 
— the basis of nearly all the "prepared" foods 
in the market — soon gives evidence of a 
pasty and semi-starved condition of his brain 
and nerves, with more or less general de- 
bility of his muscular system. 


The question of quantity has also been ap- 
proximately determined. On this point the 
standard authorities of two decades ago were 
neither well-informed nor in accord, and it has 
devolved upon Professor Chittenden, of 
Yale College, to finally determine and an- 
nounce a rational standard. Formerly it was 
held that an adult man required from 2,500 
to 3,500 calories of food units per diem, to 
supply him with available energy for his 
daily work, and for the maintenance of his 
bodily temperature. Chittenden has prac- 
tically established his contention that this 
quantity is excessive. His standard ranges 
from 1,400 to 2,500 calories, according to the 
season> and the weight, age, occupation, tem- 
perament and mental and physical activity of 
the individual. One engaged in severe physi- 
cal labor requires from 25 to 30% more mus- 
cle food than one who is engaged in mental 
work, or than one who is comparatively in- 

About the same increase is required by a 
person exposed to low temperatures. It has 
further been shown that the increased intake 
under these mentioned conditions should be 
chiefly in fats and carbohydrates, rather than 
in proteids. 

Gautier's theory is, that the quantity of 
food required depends upon the skin sur- 
face or superficial area of the body, since the 


skin acts as the medium of heat-loss, which 
loss the food must constantly replenish. The 
skin surface varies with the age. Thus, a 
child weighing ten pounds, has a cutaneous 
surface of about three square feet, while a 
man weighing 180 pounds has but 21 square 
feet. The child, therefore, requires one sev- 
enth instead of one-eighteenth as much food 
as the man. 

Over-ingestion of proteids leads to ar- 
terial degeneration, and this favors the oc- 
currence of cerebral hemorrhages, from which 
so frequently dates the beginning of numer- 
ous maladies, including partial paralyses, op- 
tic atrophy and the impairment or loss of 
other special senses. 

The rule given for approximately estimat- 
ing the number of calories or food units re- 
quired by an individual is to multiply his 
weight in pounds by the factor 4.25, and the 
skin area by 80. The sum of these two 
products, gives the number of calories re- 
quired to replenish both vital energy ex- 
pended and heat dissipated by conduction, 
radiation, evaporation, etc. 

As to proportions, the average adult re- 
quires daily about 200 calories or food units 
of proteids, 700 of fats, and 1,200 of car- 
bohydrates. The proteids serve the pur- 
pose of replenishing worn out tissue, but do 
not supply heat. The fats and carbohydrates 


supply both heat and energy, fats yielding 
twice as many food heat units, pound for 
pound, as carbohydrates. In round numbers 
the daily ration should consist of one part 
each of fats and proteids (or one of proteids, 
two of fats) and six of carbohydrates. A 
considerable latitude is allowable, since the 
system readily takes care of a reasonable and 
not habitual excess of any one principle, 
either by storing it in the cellular tissues, or 
by expelling it through the various emunc- 
tories. A balanced ration consists of a suffi- 
ciency of food, in proper proportions as to 
its proximate elements, and prepared in a di- 
gestible and appetizing manner. Of this lat- 
ter quality the laboratory chemist takes no 
cognizance, yet it stands second in importance 
to the chemical purity and appropriateness 
of the food products themselves. 

Tables of the food values of nearly all the 
food products in the market are at the com- 
mand of every physician ; and yet, in the face 
of all these facts, which embrace the accumu- 
lated wisdom of the nineteenth century in re- 
lation to diet, it is almost unbelievable that 
an overwhelming majority of the practising 
physicians of the day are either ignorant, 
indifferent or incorrigibly narrow and preju- 
diced on the subject of diet. 

As a profession we ought to be ashamed 
of the dietetic rut in which most of us, and 


even some of the very best of us habitually 
travel. We all know that no digestive appa- 
ratus, outside that of the ostrich or an orang- 
outan, can long maintain its integrity if fed 
in an irregular and slipshod manner. 

It ought not to be necessary to remind 
medical practitioners that of all men the mod- 
ern physician should be a living exponent of 
the known laws of hygiene, sanitation and 
dietetics, instead of which most of us are so 
careless in our feeding habits, that we are 
compelled to pettifog with our consciences 
and plead guilty to the quite common charge 
of preaching temperance with our tongues 
and pens, while we ourselves practise glut- 
tony, irregularity and sensual indulgence in 
the caffe, the banquet room and at our own 

Let it be reiterated that digestion is the 
dominant factor of all organic life, whether 
of tree, tuber, trilobite, mollusk or mammal, 
which makes this premeditated and some- 
what extended digression more than pardon- 

The epileptic emperor who sensationally 
exclaimed: "Let me make the songs of a 
nation and I care not who makes its laws," 
had his aptness in physiology and histology 
been equal to his genius for statecraft and 
military intrigue, would have translated his 
epigram into: "Let me make the bread of a 


nation, and its preachers, parliaments and 
courts of law can take a permanent vaca- 

One of these days the reformed cook will 
be hailed as the Czar of Civilization. 

Foodstuffs are the fulcrum by which the 
genius of the age moves the markets of 
Christendom, and catering to the demands of 
the public stomach practically absorbs the 
commerce of the world. 


If some reader says "crank" it may be 
retorted that to be a crank is not necessarily 
a stigma, since all the machinery of the 
world is moved by cranks. Every wheel that 
turns is but a hubful of rotating cranks ; your 
modern theologian is either a fossil or a 
moralizing crank; the teacher who dares to 
get outside the respectable rut in which strut 
all his mediocre and conforming colleagues 
is an educational crank; the statesman with 
a theory two degrees above "graft" is a po- 
litical crank; and the medical man who rises 
above routine, has convictions of his own, 
and the courage to announce and stand by 
them, is a medical crank. Thus the dietetic 
crank has plenty of the most respectable 


The bread of a nation, in other words, its 
feeding habits, determine its brawn, its brain, 
and its place and position in the parliaments 
of the world. It has passed into a proverb that 
the question of alimentation rather than that 
of armament determines the fortunes of war. 
But for the men behind them, the gnns of the 
battleship would be but so much unwieldy 
weight, to help sink the ship when disabled 
by the enemy. Every battle of the late 
Russo-Japanese war was won by the hardy 
little men who were better nourished than 
their heavier enemies. 

The subject is well exemplified in the his- 
tory of the honey-bee. At birth the baby 
bees are anatomically exactly alike. To de- 
velop each into a worker, a drone or a royal 
queen is merely a matter of diet, which the 
queen mother dictates and regulates without 
eflFort and with unerring certainty. If kept 
at the ordinary, table of the hive, the em- 
bryotic sex organs degenerate into a sting, 
and forever relegate the resultant bee to the 
ranks of the workers and warriors, who do 
the daily foraging, fabricating and occasional 
fighting of their instinctively acknowledged 
superiors. Fed on a specially selected diet 
the favored baby bee becomes a gentleman 
drone, with nothing more serious to do than 
to sun his wings every morning, play the 
gallant to a capricious, insatiable and su- 


prcmely jealous queen, and to propagate a fu- 
ture colony. Finally, if nurtured on a still 
more specially selected regimen, known to 
apiarists as "royal jelly," the nondescript and 
democratic baby bee, thus pampered of for- 
tune, evolves into a royal queen, who heads 
a new dynasty, leads her loyal subjects to a 
new kingdom, and reigns over her proud and 
obedient followers, until it is time to evolve 
a successor; whereupon the same develop- 
mental process is repeated, a new autocracy 
in due time announces itself, and either se- 
cedes, or is sequestered and compelled to seek 
its own fortunes in other fields. 

It is not so different with the human ani- 
mal; hence the German adage, "Tell me 
what you eat and I will tell you what you 


This climax and prodigy of evolution, the 
human infant, after a twelvemonth of help- 
less and toothless bliss, cradled in his moth- 
er's arms, and fed from the ungrudging ma- 
ternal fount, gradually finds himself com- 
pelled to turn cannibal, ape the commissary, 
or become a cook. There is no sentiment in 
nature. She practically says to every new- 
comer : 


''Cast the bantling on the rocks, 
Suckle him with the she wolfs teat ; 
Wintered with the hawk and fox, 
Power and speed be hands and feet." 

Being structurally neither an amphibian, 
a ruminant nor a camivora, necessity com- 
pelled the primitive bantling to g^aw barks, 
dig roots and climb trees for his food. Thus, 
he was obliged to wrench his sustenance 
from the soil, forage for it in the forest, and 
dive for it in the waters. 

The victims of all forms of wasting disease 
virtually starve to death, not because they do 
not eat a sufficient quantity of food, not even 
because that food is not sufficiently nutritious. 
It is because the enfeebled system is under- 
nourished and the digestive organs rendered 
incapable of selecting, dissociating and ap- 
propriating the proper elements from the 
pabulum supplied. Even when food is sup- 
plied, in no matter how liberal quantity, or 
how perfect in quality, the trophic centers pre- 
siding over the digestive processes often lack 
stimulus. Under normal conditions nutrition 
is the only legitimate and true stimulant. 
Drugs and alcoholics are yet popular, but 
tantalizingly delusive substitutes. They 
sometimes tide over a temporary crisis, but 
they impart no permanent or sustaining im- 
pulse to the organism, prodding only to 
subsequently prostrate it. 


Some of these assertions and illustrations 
may seem at first sight farfetched or inapt, 
but they logically lead up to the often over- 
looked deduction that while mechano-vital 
vibration may be made to act as a physiolog- 
ical stimulant to dormant nerve-centers and 
debilitated functions, it is worse than use- 
less to invoke its aid unless nature's one per- 
manent and reliable stimulant — nourishment 
— is properly, adequately and constantly sup- 
plied with it. 

A few concluding dietetic aphorisms will 
not be out of place: 

Even heredity, environment and chronic 
personal habits are largely dictated and domi- 
nated by the state of an individual's digestive 

To be physically, intellectually and morally 
damned it is only necessary to live on a 
damned diet. 

People who live in constant dread of mis- 
eries that may never materialize, who are too 
ignorant or indolent to do their own think- 
ing, patronize a dark-circle "medium," tip 
the soiled palm of the Queen of the Gypsies, 
consult the stars, or ask the doctor. The 
sane and sensible man appeals to his cook. 

Modern society waltzes to one of three 
tunes — neurasthenia, heart-failure or appen- 
dicitis. When these fail to materialize, or 
grow a trifle monotonous there are diabetes, 


Bright's disease, carcinoma and consumption 

waiting their inning. 

Every one of these devastating scourges is 
a direct sequence of dietetic ignorance, diet- 
etic inadvertencies, or dietetic wilfulness. 

Thus, it is Diet, with a big D, that dic- 
tates the destiny of individuals, communities 
or nations. 

The dietetic sins of the father are visited 
upon the sons and daughters, even to the sev- 
enth generation. 

Military genius and indigestion never sleep 
in the same tent. 

The soldier's fortitude is furnished by his 


"When hayseed and sugar, colored red with aniline dyes, 
are sold for raspberry jam in greater quantity than the real 
stuff; when old felt cloth is chopped up, rotted with acids, 
and sold for mushrooms; when rotten eggs are deodorized 
with chemicals and sold to bakers to be used in making 
cake; when spoiled fish having gone beyond borax, is 
treated with salts of zinc, aluminum and oUier metals, and 
the gills colored with coal tar dyes to give them a fresh 
look; when boracic acid is squirted over chopped beef, to 
"sweeten it," by tiie butcher, under the customer's very 
eyes — ^when these and countless other unsanitary enormi- 
ties are daily perpetrated upon a people who have no 
defense, the time for drastic legislation on the subject of 
pure food would seem to have arrived." — Editorial Daily 

It is a bad black eye to our boasted civili- 
zation and assumed refinement when it is 
necessary for the daily press to seriously 
and thus almost frantically discuss the ques- 


tion of the legal regulation of food manu- 
factures and the traffic in the means of life. 
It is an evil of startling magnitude and seems 
to be growing. 

But it IS not enough to petition the legis- 
latures and Congress, for stringent laws 
against this well known and well nigh uni- 
versal practice of adulteration. "Chalk, and 
alum, and plaster are sold to the poor for 
bread," doctored fusel oil and flavored dilu- 
tions of sulphuric acid and logwood are 
labeled "pure rye," and everywhere semi- 
decayed foods are made salable by the use of 
boroglycerid and formaldehyd. Even if 
these gross adulterations and villainous fab- 
rications could be completely prohibited, so 
that only chemically pure food could be found 
in the markets, the world would still be Very 
far from a dietetic millenium. Food may 
be chemically as pure as the snows that 
wreath the summit of Mont Blanc, and yet 
be very poor nourishment, from a hygienic 
and physiologic point of view. 


In an article in a recent number of the 
Medical Record (Jan. 6, 1906) the writer en- 
deavored to arouse an interest, on the part 
of the general profession, in behalf of the con- 


stantly increasing army of sufferers from 
certain forms of blindness and deafness, re- 
sulting from atrophy or paralysis of the spe- 
cial nerves supplying the eye and ear. This 
is a new field, with room for much further 
investigation and promise of gratifying re- 

Atrophy of the optic nerve, in particular, 
is one of the diseases in which oculists, 
with great unanimity, agree in pronouncing 
the prospect hopeless. It is equally well- 
known that partial deafness has not proved 
readily amenable to any treatment heretofore 
in vogue. 

Without entering into any study of the 
causes producing these distressing maladies 
the immediate and essential condition, in a 
great majority of cases, is anemia and star- 
vation of the nerves involved. When the 
cause has had an inflammatory origin, either 
acute or chronic, more or less exudation has 
occurred, and compression or choking of the 
nerve has deprived it of its normal blood- 
supply, and therefore of its nutrition. It 
would be unreasonable to claim that mechan- 
ical vibration, unaided, can cope with this 
serious and complicated condition; but it has 
now been satisfactorily demonstrated that it 
can be made a powerful and reliable factor 
in any rational effort to relieve these despair- 
ing and unfortunate patients. 


Recognizing that in many if not in a ma- 
jority of these cases there has been either a 
hemorrhage or a plastic exudation in the im- 
mediate vicinity of the affected nerves, the 
first and really fundamental object of any ra- 
tional treatment must be to promote absorp- 
tion of the effused products or exudates. Here- 
tofore, chiefly on account of the prevailing 
opinion that most of these cases are of spe- 
cific origin, the specialists have quite invaria- 
bly and quite as vainly resorted to a more or 
less heroic use of mercury and the iodides. 
In view of the fact that the failure of these 
drugs is so universally admitted, it must be 
inferred that modern practitioners resort to 
them more from habit and tradition than 
from any rational faith in their success. The 
other weapon of the oculo-neurologist is 
strychnia, in steadily increasing doses, push- 
ed to the limit of the patient's toleration. 
This potent prod to dormant or debilitated 
nerves is used in the vain hope of restoring 
the tone of an unresponsive organ or tissue 
until there is at least a temporary return to 
normal function. 

In connection with the violet ray and oth- 
er high frequency currents, carefully adapted 
to the pathologic condition involved, and an 
occasional resort to the ordinary x-ray, or to 
the new, unipolar, circumscribed and local 
form of the same, or to cataphoresis, to hasten 


dissolution of existing exudates, the persistent 
use of mechanovital vibration supplies an 
agency which affords more assurance of posi- 
tive and permanent relief than any agency yet 

Behind all these diseases of the special 
senses there is unquestionably a morbid met- 
abolism of the entire system. No treatment 
that limits its effort to the eye, ear or other 
special organ can hope to make a permanent 
impression so long as this metabolic demor- 
alization continues. The value of mechano- 
vital vibration in correcting and restoring 
morbid metabolism need not here be reiterat- 
ed, since that is its special forte, and this vol- 
ume is little more than an earnest effort to 
corroborate and establish this claim. 

But it will not be sufficient for the practi- 
tioner to put his faith in this agency, to the 
neglect or exclusion of everything else. Any 
sensible or successful treatment will be the 
result of a much more comprehensive view 
of the conditions to be met, and will not con- 
fine itself to a routine application of, no mat- 
ter how skilfully adapted mechanical manip- 
ulation. First of all, in accordance with what 
is elsewhere emphasized, as to its predomi- 
nating importance, diet should be made the 
subject of first consideration. The subject 
whose special senses are any of them degen- 
erating must be promptly placed upon a diet 


that does not tend to further increase the di- 
vergence of the vital functions from the nor- 
mal status already disturbed. In fact the diet 
must be made much more than a merely nega- . 
tive factor. It must be so regfulated that it 
will second all the other efforts to induce ab- 
sorption of any ascertained or suspected exu- 
dates, or semi-organized tissue that has a di- 
rect or indirect bearing on the case. In ple- 
thoric subjects the intake of food will general- 
ly be found to have been much in excess of the 
needs of the body. When this is permitted 
to continue no treatment can be made effec- 
tive in causing absorption. The prescribed 
daily ration should, on the other hand, be 
made temporarily less than the normal needs 
of the body. In many other cases it will be 
found feasible to diminish the quantity of 
food ingested, while at the same time main- 
taining or even increasing its digestive and 
sustaining quality. Especially must the pro- 
teid element be carefully regulated, to the 
end that it shall not contain a single calorie 
in excess of the nitrogenous needs of the 
body. The law of universal equipose and 
compensation holds as imperiously in regard 
to vital functions and body tissues as in any- 
thing else. If too great proportion of nitro- 
genous foods be habitually ingested the dan- 
ger of hemorrhages, morbid deposits and ex- 
udates or effusions is definitely increased. If 


there is an excessive consumption of starches 
and sweets there will be a likelihood of both 
fatty deposits and fatty degenerations in 
some portion of the organism. This is a pre- 
vailing fault in modern ways of living. 

Again, the food prescribed for this class of 
invalids must be rich in the phosphorus-bear- 
ing, nerve and brain nourishing elements. 

Even when all these details have been in- 
telligently recognized, and positively correct 
rules of diet and living conscientiously car- 
ried out' there are other precautions and re- 
quirements which are equally essential. The 
dietary may be accurately prescribed as to 
its proximate principles, and the subject may 
be both accurate and conscientious in carry- 
ing out the prescription, yet may make his 
selection from concentrated, much "prepared 
and predigested" foodstuffs that will prove 
obnoxious to the digestive organs, because — 
it can not be too often repeated — they lack 
bulk and refuse, which are quite as essential 
as actual nutritive value. The inevitable re- 
sult is constipation, and no person in health, 
let alone an invalid, can thrive in spite of 
habitual constipation. 

Having attended to the patient's general 
condition, from the standpoint of the general 
practitioner, instead of that of the unwary 
specialist, who may too frequently limit him- 
self to the revelations of his ophthalmoscope. 


the next step is to map out a systematic 
course of treatment which shall keep three 
cardinal objects in view. 

First, a moderate degree of depletion, more 
thorough in cases of plethoric subjects and 
men of coarse and careless habits. Line 
upon line and precept upon precept let it 
again be reiterated that any existing bad 
dietetic habits, and all existing unhygienic 
vices must be radically reformed. The use 
of tobacco in any form, of spiritous liquors, 
tea, coflfee and beer must be peremptorily in- 

In those of full habit brisk purgation once 
a week, using, preferably, an active saline, 
such as Carlsbad sprudel salts, or Hunyadi 
Janos, will be conducive to the general result 
desired. In some cases, accompanied with 
torpid liver and a foul and sluggish condition 
of all the secretions, the saline should be pre- 
ceded by half a dozen or more, one-tenth or 
one-sixth grain, doses of old fashioned calo- 
mel and soda, or calomel, soda and iridin. 

Second, twice a week for four weeks, and 
once a week thereafter, during the course of 
treatment, the patient should take a Turkish 
bath, substituting, when feasible, an electric 
light cabinet for the usual hot room. This 
much by way of preparation for the active 
treatment, which should include the follow- 


Five to ten minutes daily application of the 
ultra violet ray, through properly shaped 
vacuum electrodes, applied to the closed eye- 
lids; five minutes of a like application, using 
a duplex electrode, applied simultaneously to 
the eye and the temple, over the Gasserian 
ganglion. The strength of the current may 
be gradually increased, according to the sus- 
ceptibility of the subject, until it is represent- 
ed by a spark gap of one to one-and-a-half 

Five minutes bipolar application of the 
D'Arsonval current, through vacuum elec- 
trodes placed opposite each other on the tem- 
ples, reversing the current at the middle of 
the application. 

Vibratory applications are to be made with 
much discretion, using soft rubber bell vibra- 
todes, a properly shaped fluid applicator, or 
the pneuma-massage attachment elsewhere 
mentioned, over the eyes themselves, more 
vigorously about the temples, over the Gas- 
serian ganglia, and in the mastoid regions. 
These applications must be vigorous and care- 
fully adapted in each case. 

In anemic cases, and when there is a lurk- 
ing suspicion of specific taint the metabolism 
of the entire system may be profoundly in- 
fluenced by means of the, already mentioned, 
"auto-condenser,*' or violet ray chair attach- 
ment, now available for this purpose. 



By a majority of the advocates of mechan- 
ical vibration in therapeutics great stress is 
laid on the item or idea of inhibitioiL To the 
thoughtful beginner, the question arises, 
"what is inhibition, and how wide is its legit- 
imate sphere?" 

Undoubtedly there are some conditions and 
emergencies in which inhibition, when avail- 
able, proves of instant and unquestioned val- 
ue. But when it is further asked as to what 
are the indications, and how frequently is 
this measure called for in general practice, it 
will puzzle the average practitioner, even 
though he be familiar with the theory of me- 
chanical vibration, to give a categorical an- 
swer that will be at all satisfactory. In a 
definitive way it will be safe to say that inhi- 
bition implies the arrest or modification of 
function. When any organ of the body be- 
comes abnormally active, or when a viscus or 
region becomes congested by an abnormal 
accession of blood to the part, it is assumed, 
by the aforesaid advocates, that the operator 
must resort to applications that will tempor- 
arily deprive the part of its blood and nerve 
supply, with a view to lessening nerve activ- 
ity, or dispersing congestion. To a certain 
extent this is possible, but it is evident that 
the range of this possibility is not great, nor 
are the results ideal. The reflecting patholo- 


gist will be prompted to inquire whether the 
process can be called a natural one, and 
whether the means invoked to induce it may 
not be substituted by more rational, equally 
effective, and perhaps more lasting proce- 

Instead of inhibiting the overactive org^n 
or tissue, may not the same result be attain- 
ed by diversion, that is by stimulating either 
a contiguous or a distant part? Indirect and 
derivative action is often quite as efficient 
and quite as natural as the inhibitive effort, 
and it is so generally feasible that on second 
thought many practitioners will prefer to try 
it before resorting to inhibition, and may 
even ask whether the latter can not be en- 
tirely abandoned. 

Reverting to physiologic principles, is inhi- 
bition in any sense a natural process? The 
advanced modern physican realizes that he is 
acquitting himself with credit when he suc- 
ceeds in directing the vis medicatrix naturae. 
When, on the contrary, he undertakes to in- 
terrupt, annul or reverse Nature's forces, he 
is quite inclined to feel that he has abandon- 
ed his legitimate shibboleth. 

Again, is it not a practical fact that the 
vibrationist, in particular, relies upon the 
stimulation of dormant nerves, ganglia and 
functions for at least ninety-nine one hun- 
dredths of his results, and can he not culti- 


vate sufficient expertness to accomplish the 
remaining one per cent of his work without 
resorting to point blank inhibition? 

To those who have not passively fallen 
into a matter of fact way of thinking, that 
because the early authorities on mechanical 
therapeutic vibration assumed that inhibition 
was an integral and essential part of the 
treatment, these questions deserve a more 
through consideration. Perhaps further ex- 
perience will teach us that nearly or quite all 
the results now aimed at through nerve inhi- 
bition can be secured by equally prompt, 
equally feasible, and quite as legitimate, as 
well as more natural and therefore, more sat- 
isfactory means. 


In view of the fact that the market is now 
well supplied with instruments of all grades 
and descriptions, the practitioner who can not 
test them all for himself will be puzzled to 
decide which of a dozen different patterns or 
makes to select for his particular class of 
work, whether that be general practice or 
some special line. This question is of much 
importance, since without a capable instru- 
ment no operator can hope to attain to more 
than mediocre success. 


For this reason a further word on this sub- 
ject will not be out of place. 

If one could credit the claims of the man- 
ufacturers, each has produced the only in- 
strument which "includes all the good quali- 
ties of its competitors, while combining many 
that are specially its own." One company 
may loudly and persistently insist that its 
instrument is the only one by means of which 
vibratory stimulation can be accomplished; 
and other manufacturers may claim more 
than truth warrants as to other features of 
their machines. When a vendor claims too 
much for his wares, and is too uncompromis- 
ing as to the alleged virtues and defects of 
all others, he discredits his own probity, and 
men of ordinary shrewdness are inclined to 
look with justifiable suspicion on even such 
of his assertions as are really true. A dignified 
and honorable manufacturer is content with 
emphatically stating his own claims, without 
going beyond the bounds of reason and cour- 
tesy to disparage those of his competitors. 

Only general principles and essential fea- 
tures can be mentioned in a work of this 
kind, without incurring a charge of bias or 
favoritism. It would be easy to illustrate a 
dozen different makes of instruments and 
comment on their good and bad features, but 
the above criticism would be certain to be 
made, and the skeptical physician would still 


be left in doubt. Again, it would be easy to il- 
lustrate all the leading varieties, state just 
what their makers claim for them, and leave 
intending purchasers to choose for them- 
selves. But this negative advice merely 
duplicates the claims of the catalogues, is 
more aggravating than no advice, and would 
cumber the volume to no purpose. Enough 
has already been said to aid intelligent prac- 
titioners in deciding upon the merits and de- 
merits of the various machines, except that 
it is difficult to decide from printed descrip- 
tions as to the practical working and per- 
manent wearing qualities of any special ma- 
chine, without actually using it personally or 
learning from those who have had satisfac- 
tory practical experience with it. Mechani- 
cal perfection has not yet been attained. Im- 
provement is the order of the day. The ma- 
chine that was "best" a few years ago may 
now be much behind some later achievement. 
Some machines are good for general work; 
while other specimens are better for certain 
special lines of work. The intending pur- 
chaser should bear this in mind. Most man- 
ufacturers are willing to place their machines 
in a physician's office, on probation, or on 
approval, and the puzzled practitioner who 
avails himself of this privilege — ^which, how- 
ever, at great distances from an agency is 
not always feasible, — may avoid making an 

injudicious purchase. 



For the guidance of those who are unfa- 
miliar with vibratory technic, and who in the 
absence of didactic and positive directions 
hesitate as to methods, and their adaptation 
to each individual case, this list of suggestive 
outlines is appended. 

The experienced operator, and even the 
apt amateur will have no need for such nec- 
essarily academic reiteration of modalities 
and basic principles, but will substitute such 
modifications and original methods as per- 
sonal tact may devise and personal experi- 
ence approves. 

To such no further apology is necessary. 


Reverting to the technical side of the sub- 
ject, routine medicine is very much like ma- 
chine poetry. It is anything but ideal or 
scientific, yet many very respectable prac- 
titioners demand fixed rules of practice, and 
that every remedy or measure shall be duly 
labeled. Perhaps a comfortable majority of 
all the practising physicians in the country 
are more or less guided by rules, tradition 

and precedents as to the dosage of drugs, 
and as to the how, where, and how long, 
of applications and manipulative measures; 
therefore it seems necessary to append some 
more specific directions as a g^ide for this 
large class of medical men, who are either 
too busy or too indolent to work out their 
own details from a general grasp of underly- 
ing principles. At the same time, in con- 
nection with mechano-vital vibration and its 
application to the relief of human suffering 
and disease, every experimenter is strongly 
urged to master the physiological principles 
on which it is based and then formulate his 
own rules of administration, without regard 
to the narrow rut of routine, in which travel 
all the quacks, charlatans and mediocres of 
the ilk. 

Preliminary to the following condensed 
tabulation or Dictionary of Diseases arrang- 
ed for convenience in alphabetical order, a 
brief discussion of certain basic outlines will 
doubtless aid beginners in studying the treat- 

Anemia is a concomitant of most chronic 
diseases, and is a resultant of inanition. Blood- 
impoverishment may result from actual un- 
derfeeding or starvation, or from a disturb- 
ance of the metabolism of the body, which 
interferes with the digestion and assimila- 
tion of food. In the latter condition, as the 


digestion flags the appetite becomes capri- 
cious and the starved blood loses hemaglo- 
bin, the muscles become flaccid and the com- 
plexion pallid, lack-luster or cadaverous. 

To successfully treat any chronic disease 
necessitates the discovery and removal of its 
cause. This is emphatically true of anemia, 
which is not a disease proper but a resulting 
condition. All anemics are dyspeptics, of one 
or another class. Nearly all are sufferers 
from intestinal indigestion and chronic con- 
stipation. While these persist the anemia 
persists. Remove these by appropriate treat- 
ment, restore digestive and assimilative vig- 
or, after which the anemia will have no 
further standing in court. 

The typical subject of anemia is usually a 
bundle of hyperesthesia. A careful physi- 
cal examination usually develops sensitive 
points at several centers along the spine, the 
liver and spleen are torpid, the pancreas is 
out of commission, the stomach either flac- 
cid or contracted, the skin dry, and the se- 
cretions scanty. 

Before resorting to any special treatment 
for anemia the diet must be generously ad- 
justed and the appetite assiduously courted. 
There is apt to be marked cutaneous hyper- 
esthesia. This should first be overcome by 
superficial and very gentle vibration. When 
this has been measurably relieved the spinal 


ganglia should receive attention. Use, at the 
outset, the large applicator and a light, rapid 
stroke, taking care not to fatigfue any set of 
nerves or muscles. The length of the appli- 
cations and the tension of the stroke can be 
gradually increased. 

Since anemia is, as stated, almost invaria- 
bly preceded and accompanied by faulty 
metabolism and disordered nutrition, it can 
be radically and permanently cured only by 
restoring normal tone to these processes. 
This brings us to a consideration of, 

The indigestions, which as urged in the 
chapter on diet, are the underlying factors 
in an overwhelming majority of all the physi- 
ologfic disturbances, by whatever name they 
may be called, that the practitioner is called 
upon to treat. It is the skeleton that hides 
in every domestic closet, and enters unbidden 
at every banquet hall. To lay this ghost is 
to give the race a new lease of life. 

The question, "can anemia, tuberculosis 
and other forms of wasting diseases be pre- 
vented and cured?" is being more and more 
anxiously reiterated every year. It is more 
frequently asked today than ever before in 
the history of medicine; and at last it is 
being less hesitantly answered in the affirma- 
tive. This response is coupled with the ex- 
press stipulation that the patient must be 
brought to a condition in which he can eat. 


digest and assimilate an adequate quantity 
and proper quality of food, breathe plenty of 
pure, out-door air, and live in the midst of 
a hygienic environment. To bring about 
these fundamental conditions mechano-vital 
vibration can be made a powerful ally. As a 
legitimate auxiliary of bettered general con- 
ditions and revolutionized habits of hygiene 
and feeding, it can be relied on to arouse 
successful recuperative efforts on the part of 
the innate vital energies. The repair of tis- 
sue-waste is accelerated, germ-fostering con- 
ditions are eliminated, and the entire vital 
mechanism is reenforced and invigorated. 
The patient begins to feed better, because 
his system demands and receives more oxy- 
gen, and is able to digest and assimilate more 
and better nutriment. Thus replenished. Na- 
ture reasserts her supremacy over invading 
and deleterious influences, whether these be 
living germs or dead cells — the resultant 
debris of hastened metabolism. The con- 
structive forces begin to build faster than 
the destructive activities tear down, until the 
restored tissues become competent to antag- 
onize and prevent further invasion. Having 
reached this stage the vital forces recover 
lost tone, evolve fresh accessions of energ^y, 
and sooner or later become practically im- 
mune to every ordinary form of degenerate 


In adapting vibratory measures to the 
treatment of anemia, its causative factors 
and endless train of ills, weaknesses and dis- 
tresses, the first effort must therefore be di- 
rected to the nutritive function and normal 
metabolism. For this purpose the popular 
faith, based on professional or semi-profes- 
sional endorsement, is centered in so-called 
"tonics." In its popular sense the word 
"tonic" is a delusion, and even in a majority 
of professional minds refers to almost any 
substance or agency that will stir up a tem- 
porary excitement in the system. A real 
tonic builds up instead of merely "booming." 
It strengthens instead of exciting; it feeds 
instead of frightening the vital forces. It is 
a true restorative instead of a temporary 

Constipation is almost invariably present. 
To correct this serious condition is impera- 
tive, if any permanent betterment is to be 
hoped for. A thoroughly nourishing and pos- 
itively nonobstructing dietary is to be pre- 
scribed and religiously followed. This done 
in a majority of cases, the judicious manipu- 
lation of the vibratory apparatus will do the 
rest. Gastric and intestinal atony is usually 
a prominent symptom. Besides toning up the 
entire system by general applications over 
the spinal centers, splanchnics and solar 
plexus, the ball vibratode is to be applied, 



THE HUM.tS FIGURE -Anteridr Viewr. 

fihowing, in Colors. Surface Areas Rt^fJcily AsaocLited irith VJscprtii Diaenpe, 

smd Directly RdiUid to the Vflrioua SpinaJ G^iu;li:u 



THE Hill AX FIGirRE-Poaterinr View 

i^houiiii]; Hebted Arcfls, iX£ in Pbte VlL 

lightly at first, but with gradually increasing 
force, over the entire colon, beginning at the 
ileo-cecal valve and ending at the sigmoid 
flexure. The liver, spleen and pancreas are 
also to be carefully and increasingly stimulat- 
ed, using at first the large disk applicator, if 
at hand, and following later on with a small- 
er disk, the brush, or the ball. 

Of course, the neurotic and neurasthenic 
factor present in all these cases must not be 
overlooked. No department of the human 
organism is so complicated in structure or 
so comprehensive in function as the nervous 
system. In comparison all the other tissues 
are coarse, crude and commonplace. Further- 
more, in all the processes of the organism, 
whether of growth, repair or decay, the 
nerves are not merely conductors and con- 
duits, they are factors. They do more than 
to transmit impulses, they generate force, 
they instigate control and inhibit motion, and 
they also exercise sentient volition. 

To restore the disordered nerves to nor- 
mal function is not merely to repair the con- 
necting wires of the battery, or rewind the 
dynamo; since it is the chemical vibration 
occurring between the elements of vital com- 
bustion — carbon and oxygen — that energizes 
and actuates the dynamo. Correspondingly, 
it is vital vibration, radiating from nerve cen- 
ters, that generates and dominates vital ac- 


The heart may be likened to the cylinder 
of the vital engine, the arteries answering to 
the connecting rods and piston. The liver, 
spleen, pancreas and kidneys are the regulat- 
ing valves of the system, while the stomach 
represents the firebox. But behind all these, 
in every instance, and at all times, is the sen- 
tient touch and subjective potentiality of 
nerve force, the Leyden-jar discharge of all 
animal organisms, that never intermits while 
life remains; and this constitutes vital force* 

In applying vibratory treatment to the 
nervous system all its various subdivisions 
must be kept in mind. Without entering in- 
to any complex analysis, since this can be 
found in any good work on neurology, the 
principal subdivisions consist of the brain and 
spinal cord, constituting the cerebro-spinal 
system, the twelve pairs (Sommering) of 
cranial nerves, the thirty-one pairs of spinal 
nerves, the ganglionic system, and the 
splanchnics. Bearing in mind the principles 
already laid down in treating anemic and 
neurasthenic conditions, each of these sys- 
tems should receive careful attention, and 
vibration should be applied with much cir- 
cumspection, lest the debilitated or dormant 
organs and nerve branches be over-stimulat- 
ed and thereby fatigued. This precaution 
has already been several times adverted to, 
but is again repeated because of its import- 


Beginning with light pressure and short or 
medium stroke, the spinal centers which 
more or less directly preside over the diges- 
tive organs and the assimilative and elimina- 
tive functions, are to be treated briefly but 
daily for a week or a fortnight, after which 
treatment every other day or twice a week 
may be found sufficient. The violet ray and 
an ocasional Turkish bath will prove valuable 

Even in carcinoma, that not always incura- 
ble scourge of the race, vibratory treatment 
may be made an effective ally to other meas- 
ures. The x-ray and radium are still being 
used, and many instances of "cure" arc being 
reported. The general profession, is yet skep- 
tical as to these reports, insisting, as a rule, 
that when "cure" actually results the diag- 
nosis was unreliable. Lupus, epitheliomas 
and some other manifestations are certainly 
cured by a skillful use of the x-ray, and per- 
haps we will have to admit, by radium. It 
begins to look as though carcinoma proper 
may ere long have to be added to the list. 
Evidence to this effect is slowly accumulat- 
ing, grows more and more credible, and may 
eventually become indisputable. Whether the 
agency invoked by the x-ray, violet ray or 
radium, the action secured is a process of dis- 
integration. These mysterious radiations de- 
compose or break down morbid and malig- 


nant tissues, and the resulting debris must be 
properly and promptly eliminated before the 
"cure" can be called complete. If this dis- 
sociated materies morbi is slowly or imper- 
perfectly eliminated resorption is certain to 
occur, and the disease is promptly pronounc- 
ed "recurrent." 

Thorough stimulation of all the emunctor- 
ies and eliminating organs, especially the 
lymphatics, as previously urged, unquestion- 
ably renders the other measures used more 
prompt, certain and permanent in their ef- 
fects. During such treatment every elimina- 
tive outlet of the body should be kept open 
and active, and to this end no agency belong- 
ing to the physiologic group is more potent 
for good than intelligently adapted mechano- 
vital vibration. 

It may be reiterated and further emphasiz- 
ed that many cases of alleged failure of high- 
frequency currents and radioactive emana- 
tions, in the treatment of malignant growths, 
is directly attributable to failure to secure the 
prompt elimination of the detritus following 
tissue disintegration. More thorough atten- 
tion to this all-important item will undoubt- 
edly increase by many fold, the percentage 
of reported cures. 

Stimulation is to be directed first to the 
bowels, not with a view to direct elimination 
of the dissociated cell elements, but to main- 


tain the general system in the best possible 
condition to fayor absorption and elimination 
througl\ other channels. Second, the skin 
and kidneys are to be kept at least normally 
active, and lastly, the lymphatics can be 
made to do yeoman duty in taking up and 
disposing of the embers and ashes remaining 
after the radio-chemical fires have done their 
work. It is therefore quite plausible to as- 
sume that many cases of reported failure of 
these comparatively new agencies might have 
been made successes, had this vital question 
of elimination been sufficiently considered. 

Gentle, very gentle vibration of even the 
diseased appendix, and about the ileo-cecal 
region, using an interposed fluid applicator, 
is a perfectly safe procedure and would no 
doubt frequently succeed in averting a 
threatened explosion, by emptying the gorg- 
ed and uneasy organ, either by relaxing its 
outlet, liquefying its contents, or stimulating 
absorption. The use of the fluid applicator 
makes the operation not only painless but 
even a source of comfort and relief to the pa- 

In enlarged joints from the usual causes 
vibratory treatment is always an efficient aid, 
and will frequently prove the chief reliance. 
In all these cases, if there be much tender- 
ness, it is advisable to begin the treatment 
with the soft rubber bell, or the brush, to 


be followed later by solid, concave-disk ap- 
plicators. As already, but not too frequently 
insisted upon, in case of tumors and benign 
or malignant growths, elimination must be 
persistently maintained, more especially 
through the medium of the neighboring lym- 

The local deposits and accretions that oc- 
cur as a result of arthritis deformans can 
frequently be dispersed and the joints made 
more comfortable, as well as more supple. 

Bursae that have been inflamed and after- 
wards neglected until they have become cal- 
cified and "as hard as bone," can be pain- 
lessly broken down and permanently dis- 
persed, after no more than a dozen or twenty 
applications of any form of hard vibratode, 
at intervals of two or three days, the lym- 
phatics of the vicinity being at the same time 
briskly and repeatedly stimulated. 

If iodin or any other discutient is being 
exhibited in these cases, vibration locally ap- 
plied will promote its efficiency. 

Rheumatic joints can be practically made 
over, after the general system has been prop- 
erly cared for and the rheumatic tendency 
eliminated. If the salicylates, alkalies and 
iodides are being used to eradicate the cause 
of the disease, whatever that may be, their ac- 
tion can be materially promoted by a resort 
to systematic and persistent mechano-vital 



In neurasthenia it is well to precede active 
vibratory applications by the use of the vio- 
let ray. This ray or modality, as has been 
already pointedly set forth, represents sim- 
ply a highly attenuated form of vibration. 
This high frequency of alternations renders it 
capable of a more profound degree of seda- 
tion than can be realized from the slower 
modalities. Hence its rational and indicated 
availability in neurotic conditions character- 
ized by hyperesthesia of certain nerve cen- 
ters or of the general nervous system. After 
the morbid sensitiveness has been relieved 
by suffusing the entire body, using the chair 
attachment or auto condenser, the sympa- 
thetic system and the splanchnics are to be 
reached by labile applications, through flat- 
tened glass bulb electrodes, and this treat- 
ment is to be followed up by vibratory me- 
chanical efBeurage. Avoiding bony projec- 
tions and the spinous processes, the vibra- 
tode is to be moved along each side of the 
spine with firm pressure and at a high rate 
of speed. With a proper form of applicator 
the entire body can thus be carefully gone 

But no matter how thoroughly any treat- 
ment may be conducted, the permanent cure 
of neurasthenia must be sought principally 
through nutrition. Draw upon all the vari- 
ous means mentioned to make the patient 


genuinely hungry; feed him liberally on thor- 
oughly nerve-nourishing and unobstructing 
food, and in time he will throw off his neu- 
rotic dycrasia, return to paths of peace, sound 
sleep and sane habits of thought and action. 
Without this nutritional restoration there 
will be no thorough or permanent improve- 
ment. Toward such restoration mechano- 
vital vibration discreetly and efficiently in- 
voked supplies the two most needed factors 
— sedation and stimulation. 

Among the other special conditions amen- 
able to vibratory treatment may be cited 
obesity, hemorrhoids, varicose veins, pros- 
tatic enlargement, fibroid tumors and impo- 
tence. Each of these is to be treated accord- 
ing to principles already laid down, and 
details more particularly though briefly de- 
scribed in alphabetical order further on. 


In the formative stage vibratory stimula- 
tion of the adjacent lymphatics, with very 
light superficial vibration over the site, or 
swelling itself, will often cause the absorp- 
tion of the threatened formation, or will at 
least limit it in size and severity. 


Relax the tendon by gentle vibration, with 
a soft rubber or chamois-covered disk appli- 
cator, and vibrate the lower spinal centers. 



Stimulate the absorbents and lymphatics o^ 
the parts affected and of all contiguous parts. 
Use rubber ball, or chamois-covered disk, 
with medium stroke, of high frequency. 


Stimulate all the spinal ganglia, using ball 
or convex surface applicator, and follow with 
flat or concave disk applicator over the solar 
plexus and splanchhics. 


Use rapid and vigorous superficial appli- 
cations, with large concave disk over the af- 
fected gland, and continue along the entire 
trunk, anteriorly and posteriorly. 


Repeat the treatment given for Abscess, 
only more vigorously and more frequently. 


Much can be done to ameliorate the 
growth, even when its dispersion can not be 
effected. Vibration should always be used 
in conjunction with x-ray or radium treat- 
ment of all morbid growths whether benign 
or malignant. 

Use vibration as directed for Adenoma. 


Use gently stimulating applications, be- 
ginning with general surface applications, by 


means of the large concave disk applicator, 
gradually increasing the pressure and pro- 
longing the time employed. A short, but 
very rapid stroke is best at the outset. 


Gently stimulate the glands and tone up 
the entire system, which must be provided 
with a thoroughly digestible and nutritious 


After thorough stimulation of all the spin- 
al centers, devote special attention to those 
along the lower spine, and gently apply vi- 
bration to the parts themselves. In marked 
cases, in which the organ is much under size 
a long glass tube used as a cupping glass 
of a size to enclose the entire organ, while 
suction is applied to the tube by means of an 
air pump or rubber bulb, so as to exhaust 
the air, will generally succeed in temporarily 
or permanently enlarging the shrunken oi 
under-developed organ. 


Seek out any existing sensitive points 
along the spine and treat them until they 
are no longer hyperesthetic. The large disk 
applied to nearly all parts of the body, in 
stabile fashion, renders excellent service. It 
is very soothing and can be made decidedly 



In latent and chronic malarial poisoning, 
general vibration will greatly aid other re- 
medial measures. Apply on general princi- 
ples, giving special attention to the liver and 


Treat the spinal centers with high-fre- 
quency stroke and gentle pressure, gradually 
increased. Make local stimulating applica- 
tions to special muscles involved. 


Stimulate the cervical and upper dorsal 
ganglia and make local application^ to the 
neck, both front and sides; also over the 
speech centers of the brain, and along the 
course of the cranial nerves involved. 


All the emunctories may be so stimulated 
as to relieve the failing organs, and this treat- 
ment is said to occasionally succeed in arrest- 
ing the degenerative process. It should have 
further trial. 


This generally yields to soothing vibratory 
treatment. Apply on general principles, and 
to suit the varying conditions of each case. 


When the hair bulbs are still alive but the 
circulation in the scalp is weak and imper- 


feet, vibratory stimulation of the scalp, an- 
terior cervical region, and of the cervical 
ganglia, in conjunction with a thoroughly 
nourishing diet, the avoidance of tight hat- 
bands, and the daily or triweekly use of an 
inunction of cocoa butter, white vaseline, or, 
best of all, a good sulphur cream, will do 
much to restore the growth and health of 
the hair. Add a weekly shampoo with a good 
tar soap. 


Apply stimulating vibratory treatment to 
the cervical ganglia, especially to the third, 
and als^ over the Gasserian ganglion. Care- 
ful pneuma-massage applied to the eye itself 
may be added, also the use of the fluid appli- 


First, correct the physical causes, such as 
anemia, anatomical displacements, etc., for 
which purpose vibratory applications will af- 
ford much aid. The dorsal ganglia are usu- 
ally involved, and sensitive points will be 
found along the lower spine. 

This condition is usually accompanied by 
chronic constipation and a sluggish condition 
of all the vital organs and emunctories. When 
these are carefully looked after, moderately 
deep applications to the dorsal centers, and 
gentle vibration through a fluid applicator, 


over the ovaries, will be followed by relief 
that is usually more than temporary. 

See under this head on page 132 of the body 
of the work. 
Angina Pectoris 

Use deep applications along the spine, from 
as high up as the sixth cervical and down to 
the lower dorsal ganglia. Correct any ana- 
tomical deviations, such as incurved ribs, de- 
pressed clavicle, etc., that may be found. 
Contracted muscles may be the cause of these 
displacements, and must be relaxed by appro- 
priate vibratory applications. 

This condition may be benefited by gentle 
vibratory applications, the fluid applicator be- 
ing the safest, and decidedly appropriate. 

Vibration discreetly applied to the con- 
tiguous surfaces, including all the neighbor- 
ing lymphatics, will give good account of it- 

See remarks on pages 141 and 142 of this 

General systemic vibratory treatment, us- 
ing the ball applicator and deep pressure, 
over the spinal ganglia, with superficial but 
rapid stroke over the solar plexus and the 
entire abdominal region. 


Vibrate the anterior cervical region, using 
the brush, or a soft rubber, bell-shaped vibra- 
tode. Introduce one made of glass, hard 
rubber or metal, properly shaped, and vibrate 
the base of the tongue. 

A small fluid applicator may be introduced 
into the mouth and applied to the roof and 


Use deep vibration over the spinal ganglia 
controlling the kidneys, at the same time pre- 
scribing copious water-drinking, preferably 
distilled v^ater. Add a full hot bath. 


Stimulate the pneumogastrics and after- 
wards, in succession, all the spinal centers. 

Appendicitis (incipient) 

Stimulate the colon by deep but careful 
applications. Over an area six inches in di- 
ameter, gently apply fluid vibration, gradu- 
ally increasing the pressure, until the large 
concave disk can be substituted without caus- 
ing pain. Stimulate all the contiguous lym- 
phatics, and arouse both the liver and spleen 
to vigorous duty. By deft manipulations the 
appendix can often be relaxed and perhaps 
finally emptied, after which the inflammatory 
action will subside for want of a cause. 

The lower spinal ganglia are to be stimu- 



In the acute stage other treatment can be 
much facilitated by using vibration, the ap- 
plications being made in the vicinity of the 
joint and over contiguous lymphatics. 

A fluid applicator may be used with very 
light stroke, over the joint itself, except when 
it causes severe pain. 


Stimulate all the spinal ganglia as well as 
the liver, stomach, spleen and bowels. In- 
clude the solar plexus and the splanchnics. 
and above all things place the patient on a 
thoroughly nourishing and non-obstructing 


Some forms of this distressing malady arc 
amenable to rational treatment, toward 
which intelligently applied mechano-vital vi- 
bration contributes definite and valuable aid. 
Cases of organic origin and those with serious 
complications, such as emphysema, cardiac 
disease, chronic renal disease, etc., will be only 
temporarily benefited. Any spasmodic par- 
oxysm may be more or less ameliorated. 
Cases of neurotic and uncomplicated origin 
can be more decidedly and more permanently 

First of all, see that the patient's diet and 
digestion are what they should be. Many 
asthmatics are victims of sundry unhygienic 


habits, chief among which is a diet that im- 
perfectly nourishes while it seriously ob- 
structs the alimentary canal, sorely tries the 
assimilative functions, and surcharges the 
system with uric acid. 

Do not attempt the treatment of these 
cases without readjusting all faulty feeding 
habits. Insist upon a rigid reformation in 
this respect, or else decline to prescribe. 

Having thoroughly looked after the gen- 
eral condition of the patient, begin vibratory 
treatment by applying the ball vibratode over 
the third and fourth dorsal centers. At the 
outset use moderate pressure, but increase 
its force gradually as pain and sensitiveness 
diminish. Stimulate the entire dorsal re- 
gion, as well as the pneumogastrics and the 
solar plexus. Apply the large concave disk 
over the entire thorax, and apply it with la- 
bile, stroking motion over the whole length 
of the dorsun;!. 

It may sometimes be found that the asth- 
ma is primarily caused by an incurved or dis- 
placed rib. This or any other anatomical 
deviation must first be corrected. 


Brilliant results usually follow a discreet 
and vigorous resort to vibration in this here- 
tofore intractable malady. Apply on general 
principles already sufficiently described. 

Applications must be general and thor- 

ough, and here again, the diet must be 
searchingly corrected. These patients are 
generally only half nourished, although they 
may constantly eat voraciously of unsatisfy- 
ing or improper food. They need iron, sul- 
phur and the phosphates. They need oxy- 
gen and outdoor living, — ^and they need all the 
aid that can be realized from mechano-vital 

Apply first to the dorsal and later to the 
lumbar centers. Follow down the limbs, in- 
creasing the pressure and prolonging the 
time. Using the large concave applicator or 
the brush, follow the course of every princi- 
pal muscle from origin to insertion, with 
moderately firm but rapid stroke. Make each 
seance a short one until the lax muscles im- 
prove in tonicity, since such muscles are eas- 
ily fatigued. The violet ray is a powerful 
and indispensable adjunct in all these cases. 


As stated under "Alopecia," if the hair 
bulbs are still alive, vibration can be made 
the most effective stimulant to their growth, 
and if discreetly conjoined with other appro- 
priate treatment will prove of more perma- 
nent value than any of the usual skin irri- 
tants based on cantharides and so-called "hair 
tonics." Deep vibration of the cervical and 
first dorsal centers will stimulate the blood- 
supply of the scalp. A good sulphur cream 


(Jackson's formula) is one of the best local 
applications. It should be well rubbed in 
with the finger tips, just after the vibratory 
treatment. Follow with a weekly or semi- 
weekly shampoo, using a good tar soap. 

Vigorous stimulation of all the spinal cen- 
ters, with a prescribed diet rich in phosphates 
and other vital elements, and a few applica- 
tions to the prostate gland, per rectum and 
through the perineum, will do much toward 
overcoming this vital defection. 

To other indicated measures add stimula- 
tion of the lower dorsal centers and in fact 
of all the lower spinal centers. Stimulate 
also the lymphatics of the groin and inner 
thigh. At the same time do not neglect to 
thoroughly arouse the liver, spleen and as- 
similative organs. 

Use vigorous but not prolonged vibration 
over the third cervical ganglia. Also use a 
small soft-rubber bell with stroking motion, 
or fluid vibration, applied directly to the 
drooping lid, and over the superciliary ridge. 

Use the same treatment as for blepharop- 
tosis, carrying the stroking motion around 
the eye, making quite firm pressure over the 
supra-orbital region. 



Treat the spinal centers that send branches 
to the arm. Use the brush, covered disk, or 
the curved arm vibratode along the course 
of the trunk nerves of the arm. Also feed 
the patient. Neuraglia is a cry of hunger 
from starved nerves. The patient's svstem 
needs fats and the mineral elements, iron, 
phosphorus, sulphur, etc. Ten to one his liv- 
er is torpid, spleen congested and bowels 
sluggish. Correct all these conditions, by ap- 
propriate treatment. 


Soothe and then stimulate all the vital or- 
gans, and invigorate all the functions Vi- 
brate the lower extremities, even to the 
soles of the feet. 


Stimulate all the cervical and three or four 
of the dorsal centers. Superficial vibration 
over the entire chest, using the large con- 
cave disk, will decidedly accelerate and com- 
plement other measures. When conjoined 
with vibratory stimulation, the violet ray 
gives excellent results in this disease. The 
course of the pneumogastrics is to be fol- 
lowed, in making other applications. 


The treatment of this disease calls for both 
local and general applications. The former 


are more important and generally give very 
prompt and decided results. 

After applying local treatment with some 
thoroughness and as much force as the pa- 
tient will endure without complaint^ stimulate 
the lymphatics of the cervical and axillary 
regions, using the large concave disk. In 
the exophthalmic variety the same general 
principles obtain. When the thyroid is great- 
ly enlarged it will aid the good effects of vi- 
bration to use the following lotion: 9 Tr. 
lodinii (double strength) 4 parts; Fluid Ext. 
Lobel. Infl. 2 parts; Glycerin, 1 part. Sig. 
Apply to the gland, once a day, with a cam- 
el's hair brush, before and after vibration. 


These troublesome affairs when abnormal- 
ly enlarged, inflamed and changed in charac- 
ter, may often be reduced by a series of 
vibratory applications, chiefly to the growth 
itself, but secondarily to neighboring lym- 
Calcification, (tissue) 

Mechanical vibration can be relied upon to 
disperse these deposits, when they occur in 
accessible locations. Use a small disk vibra- 
tode, or one of proper shape to fit the part. 
At first it may be desirable to cover the ap- 
plicator with rubber or chamois skin. The 
applications are to be repeated daily until 
there is some tenderness, then less frequent- 


ly, until the deposit is softened and absorbed. 
As in all similar cases the lymphatics in the 
vicinity are to be systematically stimulated. 


This painful lesion is always a concomitant 
of a run-down condition of the system. Vi- 
bration can be made an effective aid to other 
appropriate treatment. Treat the system 
generally, and also apply superficially in the 
vicinity of the ulcer. Keep the latter covered 
with a thick compress of absorbent cotton, 
saturated with dioxogen, (hydrogen dioxid). 


When treating this dread disease with the 
x-ray or radio-activity, as already set forth, 
vibratory stimulation renders material aid, by 
rousing the absorbents and emunctories, so 
that broken-down cells — the debris of the dis- 
solved growth — are promptly eliminated. 
Tone up the general system through the 
spinal centers, solar plexus and splanchnics, 
and persistently stimulate the axillary and 
other lymphatics. 


Alternately deep and shallow vibratory ap- 
plications may be tried along the entire 


When this results from a debilitated con- 
dition of the general system, causing a de- 


gree of starvation of the lens, this condition 
can usually be retarded, if not entiiely dissi- 
pated, by mechanical vibration of a general 
character, and by pneuma-massage of the 
eyeball itself. Special attention should be 
given to the third cervical and first three 
dorsal centers. For this work a vibrator 
provided writh a pneuma-massage attachment 
is needed. Fluid vibration may be used in 
the absence of pneuma-massage. 

The treatment must be gentle, but should 
be persistently applied for many months. 

Many varieties of headache may be 
promptly relieved by light rapid vibration of 
the scalp, especially in the parietal and mas- 
toid regions, and over the nape of the neck. 
Of course the general systemic condition and 
the dietary are to be looked after, in order 
to obtain permanent results. 

Light vibration over the inflamed surfaces, 
and stimulation of the nearby absorbents will 
sometimes be sufficient, without the aid of 
other measures. 

This is but an aggravated form, or else a 
concomitant of anemia, which see. 

Vibrate the throat and behind the rami, 
using the brush or small, smooth, disk ap- 




Vigorously vibrate the several centers as- 
sociated with the affected areas — usually the 
cervical and upper dorsal. 

If the lower extremities are involved the 
applications should include the lower spinal 

Cirrhosis of the Liver 

This may be ameliorated and in incipient 
cases cured by a carefully adapted vibratory 
treatment. Use the large concave disk, gent- 
ly at first, over the organ itself, stimulate 
all the other vital organs, and the spinal 
ganglia, and by all means correct the always 
faulty diet and relieve any phase of indi- 
gestion that may be present. 

Much can be done to alleviate the various 
accompaniments of this critical epoch. 

Treat the entire organism on general prin- 
ciples, correcting any hygienic or dietetic 
vices that may be present, soothe perturbed 
organs and functions, and stimulate any that 
may be sluggish. 

Superficial rather than deep applications 
will be required, using large, covered, or the 
brush vibratodes, and varying the applications 
to meet the changing symptoms as they occur. 

This painful condition is to be treated in 
the main like other forms of neuralgia. It is 


a very frequent concomitant of chronic con- 
stipation. This must be relieved before any 
treatment can be made effective or perma- 
nent. When constipation has been over- 
come, careful vibratory applications to the 
lower spinal and coccygeal centers will re- 
lieve the pain and generally restore a normal 
condition of the parts. 

The condition of the coccyx itself must not 
be overlooked. It may be displaced or slight- 
ly deformed, so as to cause pressure on some 
nerve filament. Any such accident must be 


When of the mucous type, colitis is amen- 
able to vibratory treatment, which is to be 
applied up and down the lower spine and by 
means of either large covered disks or fluid 
applicators, over the abdomen itself. Discre- 
tion must be used or the condition may be 
aggravated. The diet must be bland and eas- 
ily digested. 

Coma Vigil 

When this occurs as a sequel of some se- 
rious disease it calls for a careful adjustment 
of therapeutic mechanical vibration, as a val- 
uable aid to other measures. Begin with 
very gently stimulating applications along 
the entire length of the spine, using short, 
rapid stroke, and large disk or covered vibra- 
todes. Do no deep work until some degree 

of recuperation is manifest^ after which more 
vigorous applications will be of advantage. 
Beware of overdoing the work. Muscles and 
nerves alike, in these cases, are so wanting 
in vitality that they are easily fatigued and 
even permanently injured. 


These occur in subjects who are lacking in 
constitutional vigor. After attending to the 
general health, and especially the nutritive 
function, vibratory massage of the face or 
other affected region will stimulate the folli- 
cles to more perfect eliminative action. An 
occasional application of the tincture of green 
soap, followed by very hot water and vigor- 
ous rubbing, will render efficient aid, and is 
often indispensable to complete success. 


It has been already set forth that constipa- 
tion is the bane of the Anglo-American race. 
Its treatment has been quite fully outlined in 
the preceding pages. Once the diet has been 
made unobstructing, and copious water- 
drinking enjoined, mechanical vibration is 
the most rational treatment yet devised, and 
gives the most natural and permanent results. 
It restores the general system, as well as the 
normal tone of the intestinal tract, promotes 
peristalsis, and unloads the sluggish colon. 

By most authors on vibration, the use of 
the long intrarectal applicator is recom- 

mended. If the diet is so thoroughly re- 
formed as to be non-constipating, there will 
be little occasion for the use of any internal 
applicator. The concave, or small flat disk, 
or the ball, applied progressively from the 
head of the colon to its terminal in the rec- 
tum, together writh regular stimulation of the 
spinal centers associated with the intestinal 
apparatus, will prove sufficient in a large ma- 
jority of cases. Without eternal viligance in 
relation to the diet of those who have be- 
come of constipated habit, no measure will 
give permanent relief. Dilate the sphincter. 


These arise from such a variety of causes 
that no routine treatment can be prescribed. 
The cause must be carefully sought, and if 
possible removed. Inhibitory vibration may 
be tried, to break up a paroxysm, and will 
frequently succeed better than chloral, chlor- 
oform or the bromides. 

Corpulence, See also Obesity 

This can be more or less reduced by a rea- 
sonable restriction of the diet and vigorous 
stimulation of all the emunctories and ab- 
sorbents, including the entire lymphatic sys- 

Proscribe the taking of water or other 
fluids for an hour before and two hours after 
eating. Prolonged cold baths, especially cold 
swimming baths, assist, and as a matter of 


course, active physical exercise is usually an 
essential while undergoing treatment. 


Use deep vibration over the upper spinal 
centers, from the atlas down to about the 
middle dorsal region. With light stroke vi- 
brate the sides and front of the neck, and use 
a properly adapted applicator over the fron- 
tal sinuses and about the root of the nose. 

Stimulate the lymphatics of the cervical 
and axillary regions and repeat the applica- 
tions over the sinuses, using increased pres- 

See Coccygodynia 


When it can be made instantly available 
vibratory applications that have a "tendency 
to relax over-tense structures and organs 
may be found to be of much advantage, 
either in connection with or in the absence 
of other measures. Apply along the upper 
spine, to the sides and front of the neck and 
to the entire thorax. The full hot bath and 
hot fomentations are not to be neglected. 


General and special vibration will be found 
of great service in restoring the disturbed 
circulation. Rules governing applications will 
suggest themselves. 



If of dermoid character, a cystoma may be 
dispersed by vibration applied to the tumor 
itself, and to adjacent lymphatics. If the 
growth is sensitive at the outset, or become^ 
so under treatment, use fluid vibration, or 
soft-faced vibratodes. 


When certain retrograde changes occur in 
any particular tissue of the body the result is 
usually denominated degeneration. Tliere 
are many varieties, as, granular, fatty, amy- 
loid, hyalin, colloid, mucoid, fibroid, pigmen- 
tary, calcareous, neuroid, etc., according to 
the part affected, or according to resulting 

Some of the degenerative involvements 
are very serious, as for instance, tabes, ma- 
rasmus, tuberculosis, etc. To combat them 
taxes the ingenuity of the astutest therapeu- 

Mechano-vital vibration comes to the res- 
cue with reassuring promise of substantial 
and fundamental aid in many of these cases 
that have hitherto seemed hopeless as to 
cure, and steadily progressive as to the final 

The first step is to make the diet and di- 
gestion as nearly normal as possible. No 
pains should be spared in this direction. The 
diet must be thoroughly supporting, and at 


the same time non-obstructing. When a 
proper regimen has been established, vibra- 
tory treatment is to be resorted to with vigor 
and persistency. Many of the spinal centers 
will be found either morbidly lacking in sen- 
sitiveness, or hyperesthetic. They must be 
gradually restored to a normal condition. 
This may require weeks, or even months, ac- 
cording to the stage at which the treatment 
is invoked. 

No set rules can be formulated, since no 
two cases will present identical symptoms 
and conditions. Gradual improvement will 
follow a course of intelligently adapted vibra- 
tory applications, — generally to the spinal 
ganglia, and locally to the parts affected. 

Some forms of this condition can be greatly 
improved by a course of vibratory applica- 
tions, addressed chiefly to the spinal centers, 
the solar plexus, and the splanchnics. 

The practitioner must exercise all his in- 
genuity in exhibiting the remedy. 

Diabetes Mellitus 

This disease has been generally considered 
incurable and only amenable to ameliora- 
ton, through dietetic measures. Of course, 
this is not cure, and any measure that prom- 
ises better results will be considered a boon 
to hundreds of thousands of suffering mor- 


Mechano-vital vibration, developed to its 
utmost capacity, is at present one of the 
most promising measures. By utmost ca- 
pacity, is meant all the high frequency mo- 
dalities of vibration, which includes the violet 

The chair attachment or autocondenser, re- 
ferred to in previous pages, promises to be 
a valuable acquisition in the treatment of all 
the dyscrasiae, including diabetes. 

The D'Arsonval current is to be used in 
connection with this device, and a seance 
of ten to fifteen minutes, according to the 
susceptibility of the patient, repeated daily 
for a month or more, after which it may be 
given at longer intervals. 

The dietetic part of the treatment is not 
to be neglected, but need not be so rigid as 
is deemed necessary when vibratory treat- 
ment is not available. At the same time, and 
throughout the treatment, mechano-vital vi- 
bration is to be systematically applied and 
carefully adapted to the general conditions 
present in each case. 

The liver, pancreas and spleen are to be 
vigorously stimulated, also all the spinal cen- 
ters, as low as the fifth lumbar. 


Those who have given little thought to 
the philosophy of mechanical vibration will 
be somewhat surprised when told that this 



Fig. 17. Fluid Two-Way Vaginal Applicator. 
FIr. 18. .Attachment for Operating Same. 

measure can be made quite effective in all 
forms of uncomplicated diarrhoea, character- 
ized by profuse liquid stools and increased 
peristalsis. Not all varieties are amenable 
to this treatment, but it may be made 
an auxiliary of much value in nearly every 

There will generally be found sensitive 
points along the spine. These should re- 
ceive careful attention. Applications should 
also be made over the site of the abdominal 
sympathetics, using either the fluid vibratode, 
or the large disk, convex in shape and cham- 

Necessarily the diet must be regulated, to- 
tal absence from food for a time being es- 


When there are sensitive points along the 
spine, these are to be first treated. Some- 
times prolonged applications are necessary, 
and when this condition becomes habitual it 
IS good practice to treat the case by general 
spinal applications ten days before each pe- 
riod. The general health is always at fault 
when dysmenorrhea is present, and this fact 
must never be overlooked. Look to the diet, 
the state of the nerves, and the hygienic 



Mechano-vital vibration will greatly aid in 
permanently relieving this distressing and 
persistent affection. 

Restrict the diet as to the excessive use of 
nitrogenous foods, prescribing a regimen as 
nearly uric-acid free as possible. Then aim 
to correct the constitutional condition by 
every available means. Stimulate the lym- 
phatics, not only in the vicinity of the diseased 
surfaces but of the entire system. When the 
circulation can be brought to the normal, 
and all the tissues to a condition representing 
physiologic par, the effectiveness of other ap- 
proved remedies will be greatly enhanced. 
Kretol has proved one of the best local ap- 
plications thus far used by the writer. The 
oxygen-rich powder called "dermogen" has 
also acquired considerable repute at the hands 
of several practitioners. 


Some writers on vibratory therapeutics 
teach that this disease usually depends upon 
anatomical deformities and displacements. 
There is practically very little in this claim, 
and, as a rule only temporary amelioration 
can be accomplished. 

The epileptic is generally a gross feeder, 

and his condition can almost invariably be 

bettered by restricting him to an unobstruct- 

ing, uric-acid-free and unstimulating dietary. 


Mechanical vibration may be profitably in- 
voked to bring about an equilibrium of cir- 
culatory and nervous processes, and to im- 
prove the digestion. This will aid any other 
measures that may be found promising, 
whether they be medical or surgical. 

Facial Atrophy 

Mechanical vibration is a powerful weap- 
on with which to combat this distressful les- 
ion, which is much more common in women 
than in men. 

Make moderately vigorous applications 
with a properly shaped, rubber, chamois or 
gfauze-covered vibratode, over the site of the 
degenerative change and also to the sides and 
front of the neck. Stimulate the upper spin- 
al ganglia, look well to the general health 
and thorough nourishment of the patient. In- 
unctions of olive oil, cocoa butter or a good 
cold cream will afford auxiliary aid 

Facial Paralysis— -Bell's palsy 

Brisk vibration of the various available 
points along the course of the fifth nerve, 
using light but rapid stroke, with such other 
systemic treatment as seems indicated, will 
usually relieve this spasmodic trouble. 


The general fatigue that follows overwork 
and over-worry, especially when such work 
and worry are chiefly mental in character, 


can be very pleasantly relieved by gentle 
mechano- vital vibration. Use the large disk 
applicator briefly, with short, rapid stroke, 
over the entire body and limbs. The patient 
will be inclined to remain motionless on the 
couch, and may beg to be permitted to go to 
sleep. The effort should be to make the ap- 
plications sedative in character. The patient 
should be prone, and the outer clothing re- 
moved. If the tendency to sleep be indulged, 
a blanket should be thrown over the patient. 

Fatty Degeneration 

The tendency to this morbid condition can 
be corrected by correcting a faulty diet and 
applying general mechanical vibration, us- 
ing discretion as to stroke, pressure and the 
length of each seance. 

The spinal centers, one and all, are to be 
brought up to normal activity, and any par- 
ticular organ or gland that may be found 
involved, gently but persistently invigorated, 
by daily or tri-weekly stimulating applica- 
tions. The lymphatic system is to receive 
careful attention. 

Fibroid Degeneration, or Fibrosis 

This process requires treatment similar to 
that advised for fatty degeneration. The 
only difference is that it may be made some- 
what more vigorous. Fluid applicators are 
very necessary in case of the treatment of 
abdominal and hypersensitive tumors. 



Restrict the consumption of carbohydrates 
in the dietary, and then stimulate the spinal 
centers, from the fourth cervical to the sac- 
rum. Follow this with stimulating applica- 
tions over the stomach, and along the entire 
intestinal tract. Constipation and a sluggish 
digestion are two of the principal causes, and 
these must be corrected. 

Friederich's Ataxia 

Improve the general health by means al- 
ready many times adverted to, and use sys- 
tematic and persistent vibration all along the 
spine, beginning with short and superficial, 
but ending with prolonged and profound ap- 

This condition calls for the exercise of alert 


Vibratory stimulation of the contiguous 
lymphatics will usually curtail the course of 
these painful and bothersome manifestations. 
Small doses of calcium sulphid will facilitate 
the cure of the "boil habit." 


The passage of the calculi can be facilitated 
by judiciously adapted mechanical vibration. 
Use a soft applicator over the site of the liver, 
gradually increasing the pressure until the 
duct relaxes and the stones pass. 



See remarks under Bursae. 

Vibration easily takes the place of the tra- 
ditional blow with a paddle or other solid sub- 
stance, a good instrument being capable of 
striking 5,000 to 9,000 or more blows per 


This form of neuralgia is directly amen- 
able to vibratory treatment, which should in- 
clude deep vibration over the dorsal ganglia, 
chiefly of the left side, and witlj short stroke 
and firm pressure over the epigastrium. Also 
use the large, concave disk applicator, with 
labile stroke, leading from the left dorsal 
centers outward, so as to cover all the space 
between the spine and the median line in 
front. The cause must be investigated, and 
if possible, removed. 


Holzknecht, of Vienna, after a large num- 
ber of observations made by means of the 
fluoroscope, after filling the stomach with 
food mixed with subnitrate of bismuth, seems 
to have established the fact that 80 per cent 
of adult stomachs are more or less prolapsed, 
so that they do not occupy the horizontal po- 
sition in which they are found in the cadaver 
and at laparotomies. Dilatation is undoubt- 
edly the predominating cause, and dilatation 
' almost invariable prelude to gastropto- 

sis. Mechanical vibration can be made to 
efficiently .second other measures in the 
treatment of this condition. 

Stimulate the sympathetic system and the 
dorsal centers. The large concave disk is to 
be used over the prolapsed organ to give it 
tone. The diet is to be looked after, sufferers 
from this condition generally being the vic- 
tims of amylaceous dyspepsia. Restrict the 
ingestion of starch-foods, and correct the 
habit of ingesting too much fluid with or 
near the meals. 

General Paralysis 

This condition is usually progressive, as- 
sociated with some form of insanity, and 
not generally considered amenable to any 
known treatment. 

If taken in its incipiency, the patient placed 
upon an ideal diet and subjected to careful 
hygienic, psychic *and environmental 'influ- 
ences, mechanical vibratory therapeutics of- 
fers a ray of hope. All the resources of the 
treatment are to be invoked and each modal- 
ity adapted with wise judgment and consum- 
mate tact. The new hot and cold water 
mattress may here prove a valuable adjunct. 

See Diabetes Mellitus. 


See Bronchocele. 



Conjoined with a vigorous reformation in 
the dietetic and drinking habits, and with sys- 
tematic indulgence in physical exercise in 
the open air, mechanical vibration will great- 
ly assist in dispersing the deposits about the 

Stimulating the eliminative organs and the 
lymphatics will accelerate the elimination of 
the morbid by products of digestion which 
compose the materies morbi. The spinal 
centers from the atlas to the coccyx, the liver, 
spleen, pancreas and intestinal tract shoutd 
all be put in the best condition for doing 
their normal work. Flexion and extension of 
all the affected joints should be persistently 
Hair, Diseases of 

See Alopecia. 
Hay Fever 

Vibration is capable of rendering valuable 
aid to the treatment of this distressing dis- 
ease. Since the causes are usually tinlike, and no 
two subjects equally susceptible to remedial 
agencies, no set rules can be laid down. 

Stimulate the spinal centers that influence 
the respiratory tract, especially the post-nas- 
al mucous membrane and the turbinated bod- 

Correct all the faulty bodily habits. Give 
the patient a change of environment when 


this is feasible, and in general invigorate all 
the vital functions. The diet is to be made 
non-stimulating and non-obstructing. 


See under Cephalalgia. 

Head-nodding of Infants 

Treat the general system and gently stimu- 
late all the spinal ganglia, more especially the 
upper cervical. Every favorable dietetic and 
hygienic influence should be invoked. 

Hearing — Disorders of 

As these are mostly symptomatic of ab- 
normal conditions in some part of the sys- 
tem, the latter should be searched out and as 
far as possible, corrected. This having been 
done, thorough vibration over the mastoid 
region, the sides of the neck, and over the 
upper cervical ganglia, will sometimes give 
brilliant results. Aided by the use of the 
violet ray, administered through a properly 
shaped, and lead-glass protected vacuum 
tube, with occasional applications of the uni- 
polar, localized x-ray, many cases of defect- 
ive or lost hearing may be partially or wholly 
restored. Of course, organic defects will not 
thus be overcome. 

Heart — Diseases of 

Mechanical vibration is available in the 
treatment of various functional disturbances 
and some diseases of the cardiac apparatus, 


such as displacements, fatty degeneration, 
arythmic action, when not of organic origin, 
anemic palpitation, etc., etc. The effects are 
to be sought through equalization of the cir- 
culation, regulation of the spinal innerva- 
tion, and improvement of the general health. 

In all these cases, digestive disturbances 
are to be first corrected, and the system is to 
be thoroughly nourished. Many hearts are 
weak and easily fatigued, simply because 
their muscle fibers, along with the entire 
muscular system, are poorly fed and inade- 
quately exercised. Vibration will tone the 
cardiac muscles as it does other muscles. 

In cardiac hypertrophy, vibration can be 
relied on to definitely assist other measures, 
by favoring equilibrium of all the vital func- 

This is strictly in line with all real and 
rational efforts to remove the cause of the 

Passive congestion of the heart can be re- 
lieved by vibratory applications, aimed at re- 
storing the general circulation to a normal 

Heartburn, or Cardialgia 

This frequent and disagreeable concomit- 
ant of various forms of indigestion can be re- 
lieved by the same applications used to re- 
store digestive tone. 



This is to be treated on the same general 
principles laid down for the neuralgias, par- 
alyses, etc. 


See Cephalalgia. 


The spinal centers are to receive deep and 
sometimes prolonged applications, using the 
ball, or oval hard-rubber vibratodes. In ad 
dition, the affected muscles are to be vigor- 
ously stimulated, and every item of the gen- 
eral hygiene attended to. 


Thus far nothing has proved of much valUe 
in the treatment of this unfortunate and us- 
ually inherited condition, except a general 
betterment of the physiologic condition of the 
subject. To favor such jbetterment, me- 
chanical vibration, applied under the funda- 
mental rules, already many times reiterated, 
is a rational and promising measure. It will 
co-operate with other measures directed to- 
ward increasing the coagulability of the 
blood, and the number or proportion of 
white corpuscles. 


Internal piles promptly respond to vibra- 
tory treatment. Applicators, to be used per 
rectum, are made of soft or semi-hard rub- 


ber, of metal, and of pure gum tubing filled 
with water. The former varieties are easily 
introduced while in motion. The fluid vibra- 
todes are to be placed by means of a rectal 
speculum, which is afterwards removed, leav- 
ing the applicator in position. 

The metal cone, used as a dilator of the 
sphincters is a very effective applicator. 

The diet and general health must be care- 
fully regulated, especial effort being made to 
prevent or overcome constipation, which is 
one of the chief causative factors. 

A very necessary precaution, which should 
precede all treatment, is to see that the portal 
circulation is normally and constantly free. 

Some incipient cases of hernia may be over- 
come by discreet vibratory treatment applied 
with a view to toning up the various muscular 
layers involved. Each case will be a law 
unto itself, calling for anatomical knowledge 
and physical expertness on the part of the 

Herpes Zoster 

The standard works give little encourage- 
ment as to the prospects from any form of 
treatment of this painful complaint. The the- 
ory that it is of nervous origin and always as- 
sociated with more or less general debility 
ought to be a sufficient indication that gen- 
eral tonic treatment is indicated. Vibrate the 

spinal ganglia, stimulate the liver, spieeii, 
stomach and intestinal tract. Feed the pa- 
tient with nourishing, and especially nerve- 
nourishing food. Promote assimilation as 
well as elimination. See that all the emunc- 
tories are free and active. 

Hiccough, Hiccup or Singultus 

Free the stomach, if loaded, either by eme- 
sis or catharsis. Then make deep applica- 
tions over the dorsal ganglia, and, with the 
large concave disk applicator, over the dia- 

Hiuxiy Venous 

Treat the causative Anenua, which see. 


Stimulate all the emunctories and especially 
the axillary lymphatics. Applications, with 
light stroke and large applicator over the site 
of the effusion will assist in its removal. 


Treat with light, superficial applications 
over the entire surface involved, and use 
deeper stroke over the spinal ganglia. 

Hyperplasia, Hypertrophy 

These practically identical processes have 
been sufficiently treated of in the 'body of 
this volume. 

Some hypertrophies are compensatory and 
prophylactic. In these cases the condition 


against which they are directed should be 
first removed if possible. 

This disease, often considered principally 
of psychic origin, is generally based on some 
definite physical cause. In nine cases out of 
ten, the patient's digestive, assimilative and 
eliminative functions are either sluggish or 
disordered. Correct all these by measures al- 
ready repeatedly described, and the morbid 
mentality can then be restored by moral, so- 
cial, physiologic and psychic influences. 

This may occur in any part of the body, 
and can be very satisfactorily relieved by 
vibratory applications adjusted so as to re- 
store circulatory equilibrium. 

This is another ailment that is dependent 
upon definite physical causes rather than 
upon whim and imagination. When its un- 
derlying cause or causes have been located, 
an intelligent adaptation of vibratory meas- 
ures will directly and very positively aid in 
restoring physical and psychic rhythm and 
establishing equilibrium as to the "nerves 
in disorder." 

The paroxysms may be much ameliorated, 
if not entirely broken up, by spinal appli- 
cations, pushed to the point of inhibition. 



Exemption from disease, as more fully set 
forth in the body of this volume, is a matter 
of the reinforcement of all the vital processes 
and functions. Toward this end vibratory 
therapeutics can be made to contribute its 
full and rational complement. See remarks 
under the appropriate chapter. 

Stimulate the dorsal and lumbar centers, 
and tone up the entire system. The violet 
ray, adniinistered, through the **auto-con- 
denser'* elsewhere referred to, is an efficient 

Local applications to the perineum will be 
found of great value. 

The diet should be rich in phosphatic and 
nerve-fostering elements. 

Enough has been said, under various heads, 
on this important topic. See elsewhere. 

Stimulate all the spinal ganglia as well as 
the lymphatics. Promote elimination by all 
the emunctories, and make local applications 
to the throat, sides of the nose, over the 
frontal sinuses, and wherever they seem 
called for. 

Some forms of insanity are dependent upon 
anatomical divergencies that cause undue 


pressure on some portion of the brain, cord 
or special nerves. Vibration may be used 
to advantage in eliminating this source of 
the malady, and in restoring the general 
health. Apply on general principles, and with 
much discretion. 

Intestinal Obstruction 

This condition can frequently be overcome 
by a careful adaptation of vibratory massage 
applied to the abdomen. At the same time 
stimulate the spinal centers involved. The 
use of the long rectal applicator may prove 


This disease sometimes arises from de- 
ranged innervation, but oftener from sup- 
pressed hepatic functions. In both cases 
stimulation of the dorsal centers of the right 
side, with superficial applications over the 
liver Itself, and to the entire abdominal re- 
gion, will aid the other measures resorted to. 

Joints, Diseases of 

In no field of therapeutic endeavor is the 
value of mechanical vibration more demon- 
strable than in connection with diseased 
and enlarged joints. It takes the place of 
manual massage, accomplishing even more 
than can be eflFected by the latter, in one- 
tenth part of the time required by the most 
expert masseur. Effusions can be dispersed, 


adhesions broken up, and the general tone 
of the tissues greatly improved. 

The violet ray assists, and where there is 
a suspicion of incipient bone disease the local- 
ized unipolar x-ray may be occasionally used 
with benefit. 

Kidney, Movable 

This accident or abnormality is too fre- 
quently turned over to the tender mercy of 
the surgeon's knife. Perhaps not all, but 
many cases can be cured without resort to 
this dreaded expedient. 

Tone up all the abdominal muscles, and for 
that matter the entire system. 

Regulate the digestion; see that the pa- 
tients — chiefly women — no longer continue 
the use of corsets or other articles of cloth- 
ing that compress the ribs, or in any way 
interfere with the normal position and free- 
dom of the abdominal contents. 

Labio-glosso-Iaryngeal Paralysis 

This form of paralysis rarely occurs ex- 
cept in connection with senile degeneration of 
some special nerve or nerve centers. Vig- 
orous and persistent stimulation of all the 
cervical ganglia, and applications addressed 
to the sides and front of the neck, over the 
mastoid regions, and sometimes within the 
mouth and throat, conjoined with a similar 
use of the violet ray, will at least retard the 


progressive character of the lesion. Com- 
plete recoveries may sometimes follow. 

The patient should observe careful hygienic 
habits, avoid all excesses and depressing 
emotions, and live as far as possible a phy- 
siologically sane and quiet life, preferably in 
the country, and in a climate which invites 
to outdoor living.' 


Vibration, with firm pressure, applied be- 
hind the rami of the inferior maxillaries, and 
deeply over the larynx, with general stimula- 
tion of the upper cervical ganglia and the lym- 
phatics of the neck, clavicular region and the 
axillae, frequently acts like magic in disgorg- 
ing the congested membranes, and thus re- 
moving the immediate cause of hoarseness 
and inflammation. 

As in many other affections of this region 
there is usually a well-grounded suspicion of 
uric-acid poisoning, as an underlying cause. 
Aspirin, in five to ten g^ain doses, frequently 
repeated, is one of the recent and most val- 
uable internal remedies for counteracting this 
poison. The blood and secretions should be 
made alkalin and kept so. 


To really cure this complaint, which is a 
symptom rather than a disease, the general 
system must be restored to normal tone. This 
done, and any local cause having been fer- 

reted out and corrected, the symptom will 
either promptly or gradually subside. 

Diet and hygiene are all-important. The 
special vaginal fluid applicator may be found 
of decided value, used intra-vaginse. 

Liver, Functional Diseases of 

For torpor of the liver nothing can take 
the place of rightly-applied vibration, over 
the entire hepatic and abdominal regions. 
The large concave disk is to be used, with 
short, rapid stroke. The associated dorsal 
centers are to be stimulated, and all the bodily 
habits, digestion, assimilation and elimina- 
tion, thoroughly looked after. 

Passive congestion of this organ is to be 
treated in the same general way. 

Locomotor Ataxia 

This disease, proverbially looked upon as 
incurable, unless- too far advanced, can now 
be attacked with much more assurance. Vi- 
bration and the violet ray have scored a few 
quite satisfactorily authenticated successes. 

The patient's general habits, environment, 
social and psychic surroundings and physiol- 
logic conditions are all to be scrutinized and 
perhaps radically revolutionized. His diet is 
to be made thoroughly supporting. The stat- 
ic spray and violet ray, as evolved by the 
static machine, or a good coil, are to be ap- 
plied up and down the length of the spine and 


at the sciatic notch, for a space of twenty 
minutes, daily. This is to be followed by 
moderately deep vibration over all the spinal 
centers, after which, using the large disk vi- 
bratode, with labile stroke, and moderately 
firm pressure, go over all the vital organs, 
liver, spleen, pancreas, stomach and abdom- 
inal organs. 

Progress may be slow, but in at least fifty 
per cent of the cases improvement will soon 
be manifest. Patience, persistence and tact 
will be rewarded by more or less permanent 

Even when ultimate cure does not crown 
the effort, the accompanying pains will be 
mitigated, the gait improved, and control of 
the sphincters restored. 

The vibratory applications will give most 
satisfactory results in those cases in which 
cell-degeneration has not advanced beyond 
the stage in which the cord as a whole is 
susceptible to stimulation. 
Lumbago, Lumbar Myalgia 

Mechanical vibration relieves this painful 
condition more promptly and satisfactorily 
than perhaps any other form of treatment. 

The applications are to be deep, and made 
with rapid stroke, using the rubber ball, hard- 
rubber or other suitable spinal vibratode, 
over the entire lumbar region and the lower 
dorsal centers. 


When there is a hypersensitive condition 
of the surface and the ball or spinal vibra- 
tode is too painful to be tolerated, substitute 
the large, concave disk, or the brush, until the 
sensitiveness abates and other forms can be 

Two to six applications are usually suffi- 
cient, unless there be some unusual complica- 
tion. Sodium salicylate and ammonium 
chloride are sometimes eflfective aids. 

Lungs, Congestion of 

When of a passive nature and dependent 
upon hypostasis and circulatory obstruction, 
this condition can be much relieved by vi- 
bratory applications directed toward equaliz- 
ing the circulation and diverting the blood to 
the extremities and other parts of the body. 

Lungs, (Edema of 

The same treatment as in congestion will 
aid in relieving this frequently fatal condi- 


Stimulate all the spinal ganglia, and vibrate 
with increasing vigor all the enlarged glands. 

See elsewhere under the head of Adenoma. 
Malignant Diseases 

In all forms of malignant growths vibration 
can be made a very valuable aid to other 
measures. See elsewhere, under Carcinoma, 



In addition to other approved measures 
mechanical vibration can, when available, af- 
ford some measure of relief. Apply to all 
the spinal centers, and to any vital organ 
that shows engorgement or sluggishness. 

See under Cephalalgia. 

This neurosis is closely allied to Hypo- 
chondriasiSy which see. Obstinate constipa- 
tion is apt to be present and must be thor- 
oughly corrected by measures already suf- 
ficiently described. 

Defective nourishment of both brain and 
body must be overcome. Sometimes forced 
feeding is necessary; but if the digestion be 
energized, and the bowels kept entirely free, 
the appetite will probably be a sufficient regu- 
lator of the diet. Vibratory treatment is to 
be directed toward bringing about the fore- 
going changes, and its tactful administration 
will tax the ingenuity of the practitioner. In 
severe cases the vibratory water-bed may 
eventually prove a desirable adjunct. 
Meningitis, Cerebrospinal 

See under Cerebrospinal, etc. 

In institutions having tjiis device at com- 
mand a resort to the hot and cold water vi- 
brating mattress oflFers hope in the future 
treatment of this fatal malady. 

Fig. 1&, riuid V.iiitiAl Applkatnr ^ith Attufrliineiit in tV^sitifm. 

Aspirating the cord and the various at- 
tempts at germicidal injections, lymphs, etc., 
have not yet given satisfactory results. 

Menopause ^ 

See Climacteric. 


Do not confuse this with Metrorrhagia, 
since the two are quite distinct. Menorrha- 
gia is excessive menstrual flow. Metrorrha- 
gia is uterine hemorrhage, without refer- 
ence to menstruation. The former should 
receive attention between the periods, with a 
view to toning up the general system. The 
latter demands immediate treatment. 

The first consideration in either condition 
is to enjoin complete rest, which, in severe 
cases, should be in the recumbent position. 
To Jother approved measures for checking 
hemorrhage add vibratory applications, mod- 
erate in character and of short duration, over 
the entire spinal region. Use the large con- 
cave disk or the brush applicator, and follow 
with the arm concave, or a small disk, up and 
down the lower extremities, so as to divert 
the blood to them. Of medicinal aids ergot, 
hydrastis and hamamelis are least objection- 
able and perhaps most effective. 

See Cephalalgia 


Morton's Disease 

This is a form of neuralgia affecting one 
or more of the toes. Vibrate the offending 
member on general principles, and follow up 
along the course of the nerve supplying the 
toe or toes. 

Movable Kidney 

See Kidney Movable 

Multiple Neuritis 

Begin the treatment by correcting all bad 
hygienic habits and placing the patient on 
a faultless diet. Vibration promises much in 
this painful affection. Use the large disk, 
or a covered applicator, gently, over all the 
spinal centers, from the cervix to the coccyx. 
If muscular atrophy threatens' or has already 
set in, vibrate all the involved muscles. Fol- 
low up the course of each painful nerve trunk, 
and see that the nervous system is appropri- 
ately nourished by means of iron, sulphur and 
phosphorus-bearing foods. 

Muscular Atrophy 

Nothing is more efficient than mechani- 
cal vibration in preventing and restoring this 
form of degeneration. Make rapid but not 
too deep applications to each of the muscles 
and groups of muscles involved. See that the 
patient is adequately nourished — not merely 


Muscular Rheumatisin 

Treat the spinal centers that radiate to the 
involved structures, and make careful but 
increasingly firm applications to the muscles 
themselves. This treatment can usually be 
made very effective. 

Attend to the general health and all the 
bodily ^habits. These patients are usually 
badly fed, and nearly always victims of con- 
stipation and the uric acid diathesis. 


See the foregoing. 


Bring the patient's nutrition to the highest 
possible standard, and carefully stimulate the 
failing muscles, as well as the heart, circula- 
tory apparatus, and digestive organs. 


Profoundly and persistently stimulate the 
cervical ganglia, extending the applications 
from time to time to the entire spine. Make 
moderate pressure at first, but increasingly 
vigorous applications to the thyroid and to all 
the contiguous lymphatics. 

Invigorate all the vital functions and hasten 
the general metabolism, by means of applica- 
tions already repeatedly described. 

Thyroid extracts have won considerable 
repute in this disease. They probably do no 
harm, even when they do no good. 



When arising from ordinary causes this 
sensation can usually be relieved by moder- 
ately deep vibration applied over the dorsal 
ganglia of the left side. 


When a starved nerve finally rebels its pro- 
test is called neuralgia. Discover the imme- 
diate cause, if possible, and remove it. The 
vital, underlying cause is ordinarily some 
form of innutrition. The subject needs every- 
thing sustaining that the diet kitchen can 
give him, eggs, chops, butter, whole wheat 
products, fats, milk, cream, — the phosphates, 
iron, sulphur, nuclein, lecithin, etc. Bear in 
mind, however, that there are many bogus 
and worthless '"whole wheat'' preparations 
in the market. 

When these items have had due attention, 
see that the emunctories are free, and that the 
patient has pure air to breathe and pure 
water to drink. Neuralgics are prone to re- 
ject items of nutrition of which they stand 
in most need, — for example, fats. They need 
alimentation more than medication; and me- 
chanical vibration will complement the phy- 
siologic measures, so necessary in their 
cases. The general and local applications ap- 
propriate for these cases, no two of which 
arc identical, have been amply described un- 
v^ricms heads and need not be repeated. 



This complicated neurosis is now treated by 
enforced feeding, physical inertia, and manual 
massage. One author-practitioner has made 
a world-wide reputation on this somewhat 
unique but entirely rational theory. Had 
Wier-Mitchell realized the potency of me- 
chanical vibration he. could have dispensed 
with his professional masseurs and accom- 
plished more by its aid in a fortnight, than 
without it in four months. But therapeutic 
advances come both slowly and singly. Thus 
has come this later ally of the progressive 

In the language of Snow, "Vibration in- 
duces functional activity without the expendi- 
ture of active energy on the part of the 
patient." This makes it an ideal resource in 
neurasthenic conditions. The patient must 
not exercise but be exercised. He is to do 
absolutely nothing to develop his muscles or 
invigorate his functions, yet the former are to 
be developed and the latter invigorated, 
vicariously, by his attendant, assisted by a 
little rhythmically running machinery. 

In treating neurasthenia you will need to 
use all your aptness and vigilance, as well as 
all your vibratodes, to meet the various 
symptoms and requirements as they arise. 
No detailed rules need be repeated. The op- 
erator must simply understand his patient's 


needs and his instruments' capabilities. The 
rest will be as easy as it is legitimate. 

This affection can in most cases be over- 
come by timely applications over the nerve 
branches involved. In persistent cases vi- 
brate the spinal ganglia and build up the gen- 
eral system. 
Obesity. See also Corpulence. 

This is a perversion of nutrition, and any 
radical cure will depend upon a correction of 
this abnormal idiosyncrasy. This done, active 
general vibration will greatly assist in induc- 
ing absorption and elimination of the super- 
abundant, half-formed tissue. Persist in the 
treatment, and at the same time do not fail 
to regulate the diet. Proscribe excessive use 
of sugars and starches. Prescribe fruits, nuts 
and vegetables, and interdict excessive use of 
fluids, especially before, at and after meals. 
A rather dry diet is preferable. 
Occupation Diseases 

Many of these, as the fatigue-neuroses, ny- 
stagmus, writers' cramp, etc., etc., can be 
radically cured by a faithful and intelligent 
resort to vibratory therapeutics. Apply gen- 
eral rules, and adapt the same to each case. 

Ordinarily oedema can be relieved by vibra- 
tory applications, conjoined with other ap- 
proved treatment. 


Olfactory Anesthesia 

Partial loss of the olfactory sense may be 
decidedly helped by applications, made with 
the small, soft-rubber bell, at the root of the 
nose, on each side, over the frontal sinuses, 
over the mastoid regions, and to the upper 
cervical ganglia. The violet ray, applied by 
means of properly shaped intra-nasal vacuum 
electrodes, will make the treatment much 
more efficient. 
Optic Atrophy 

See the body of this work, page 119. 

Try stimulation of the spinal centers, more 
particularly those of the dorsal region, using 
a deep penetrating stroke, also stimulate the 
pneumogastrics, the diaphragm, solar plexus 
and abdominal muscles. 
Ovarian Pain 

Apply deep vibration to the lower dorsal 
and lumbar centers. Superficial applications, 
with the large disk, and with light pressure, 
may be made directly over the affected organ. 
Do not neglect the usual hot applications, 
which, after vibration, will be more than 
usually effective. 
Pain in Visceral Disease 

The pain accompanying diseases of any of 
the viscera may be either one of three kinds : 

1. Local, occurring directly at the seat of 
the lesion or disturbance; 


2. Referred, as to the nerve-terminal of 
some nerve trunk implicated in the disease; 

3. Reflex, as when painful impressions are 
transmitted through sensory fibers of the 
sympathetic to the peripheral endings of 
nerve-fibers that enter the same segment. 

This latter is true visceral, reflected pain. 

The following figures, with the accompany- 
ing explanations illustrate the importance of 
a careful study of these reflected manifesta- 

The accompanying plates, Nos. VII and VIII, 
graphically illustrate the principal areas of 
the body, in their relations to the spinal 
ganglia. These relations are duplex. Thus, 
(a), pain, hyperesthesia or anesthesia mani- 
fested over one or more of these areas is 
symptomatic of a disturbed or disordered con- 
dition of the related or associated trophic 
centers or spinal ganglia, (b) These areas 
may be directly influenced and more or less 
controlled by impressions addressed to the 
related ganglia. 

The various ganglia are definitely indicated 
by the letters C, (cervical), D, (dorsal), L, 
(lumbar), and Sac, (sacral). 

With this brief key the plates are self-ex- 

These regionally illustrative cuts are, to the 
vibrationist, important and instructive glides. 
They help him both diagnostically and thera- 


peutically. By means of them he can avoid 
referring a pain to its wrong source, and thus 
avoid the disappointment of employing wrong 
therapeutic measures. 

In a word, surface pains are by no means 
uniform indications of surface disease or in- 
jury. Rather, in a majority of cases they 
are pathognomonic of visceral disturbances, 
and the wise pathologist will not be misled 
by a superficial examination. Having traced 
the connection between the manifestation 
and its source or cause he will be enabled to 
make intelligent efforts toward its cure. 

In treating pain in a general way several 
methods must be kept in mind. Central ap- 
plications will have in view either the seda- 
tion or stimulation of the nerve centers in- 
volved. Local applications will aim at quiet- 
ing the peripheral ramifications of the same 
nerves. The former will require deep or 
moderately deep pressure, long stroke and 
high frequency. The latter call for short 
stroke and comparatively shallow pressure. 
Spinal treatment must be discreetly applied 
lest the trunk nerves be over-stimulated arid 
thereby fatigued. It is better to do too little 
than too much, thus gradually studying the 
patient's susceptibility and endurance. 

All the rules and suggestions heretofore 
laid down are to be kept in mind. 



These have already been frequently ad- 
verted to. 

For muscular paralysis no treatment could 
be more effective or satisfactory than judi- 
ciously administered mechanical vibration. It 
must be applied according to the locality af- 
fected, and no set rules can be laid down, 
since every practitioner will formulate these 
to meet the needs of each case as it presents. 

In treating a particular muscle first stimu- 
late its governing nerve center. Then begin 
at its origin, with local applications, and trace 
it to its insertion, and vice versa. Use cov- 
ered disk, or the brush, at first, and later on 
substitute firmer applicators, or the ball. 


This is the general name for the condition 
which is otherwise described as collapse, de- 
bility and exhaustion. 

Apply the large disk over the entire body, 
with gentle, gliding stroke and light pressure. 
Mildly and briefly stimulate the spinal centers, 
from the middle cervical down to the lower 
dorsal. Prescribe a cup of hot malted milk 
or bouillon as soon as the patient has had a 
brief rest. Repeat in an hour or two if in- 

Ptosis, of Eyelid 

Recent cases of this defection usually yield 
to brisk stimulation of the third and fourth 


cervical centers. Local applications may be 
added, but they are of secondary importance. 

In all these cases, toning up the entire 
nervous and muscular systems constitutes a 
wise and fundamental procedure. This is to 
be done by methods already described. 

See Tonsilitis 
Raynaud's Disease 

In the earlier stages vigorous resort to 
mechanical vibration, in conjunction with all 
the hygienic, dietetic and other constitutional * 
measures, is always advisable. The methods 
of application will vary with the peculiarities 
of each case and only general rules can be 
suggested. When the underlying cause can 
be identified it must be radically combated by 
diet, hygiene and every therapeutic measure 
at command. 

Judiciously applied vibratory stimulation is 
worth more in this disease than all the drugs 
in the pharmacopeia. 
Reflex Neuroses 

Study the source of these manifestations 
and make applications accordingly. Vibra- 
tion will often prove the most satisfactory 
remedy. Consult the illustrations opposite 
page 196. 
Renal Calculus 

Make deep, spinal applications, using the 
ball or hard-rubber applicator, chiefly from 


the lower dorsal to the fourth or fifth lumbar. 
Use the large disk over the site of the kidneys 
themselves, both posteriorly and anteriorly. 
Free water-drinking and the use of hot air 
baths, or other methods of inducing free 
diaphoresis, will promote the effect of all 
other measures. 
Renal Hjrperemia 

The same treatment as advised for Renal 
Calculus is to be repeated, with such modifi* 
cations as are rationally indicated. 

For muscular rheumatism see Myalgia 

For other forms see Arthritis 

Deep applications, first, at the sciatic notch, 
and then down the course of the nerve. Re- 
peat with increased pressure and rapid stroke 
until all the related muscles are thoroughly 
relaxed, even fatigued, and the nerve itself 
robbed of its hyperesthetic condition. 

After the relaxation has been carried to the 
extreme limit of the patient's tolerance, let 
him recline on the edge of a firm couch or hard 
mattress, and grasping the ankle of the af- 
fected side firmly, flex the thigh upon the 
body with as much force as possible, with a 
view to stretch the nerve. Repeat the stretch- 
ing process three or four times, after which 
vibrate again, using light stroke and large 
disk, or rubber-covered applicators. 


The violet ray may be substituted for the 
second vibratory application; or it may be 
used in conjunction with vibration in every 
case, with marked benefit. 


Determine by a careful examination what 
muscles are contracted and which ones are 
merely relaxed. Direct the applications so as 
to relax those which are contracted. Correct 
the deformity by manual manipulation, and 
tone up the entire muscular system, as well 
as the delinquent muscles. Feed the patient 
on food that contains a goodly proportion of 
the useful mineral elements, phosphorus, 
iron, sulphur, soda, etc., etc. Secure and main- 
tain an alkalin condition of the blood and 


This topic has been referred to in connec- 
tion with the hot and cold water vibrating 

In every case the cause is to be considered, 
before any rational treatment can be decided 

In capital operations the mattress promises 
to prevent the occurrence of Shock, and, as a 
prophylactic, may prove more valuable than 
any possible method of cure. 

Warmth is the one essential to counteract 
the tendency to motor paralysis. Next to 
this, mechanical vibration can be made an 


efficient ally. Place the patient in a prone 
position and make rapid and not too pro- 
longed, stimulating applications to the prin- 
cipal nerve centers, and the solar plexus. 

Watch the pulse and the temperature, and 
adjust the applications toward the restoration 
of these to the normal. 

Sleep, Disordered 

Equalize the circulation and the nervous 
tension; correct any existing bad dietetic 
habits ; interdict late hearty meals, and divert 
the blood from the brain to the trunk and 
lower extremities. This can be done by 
vibratory applications. 

Smell, Disorders of 

Various influences tend to obtund the nor- 
mal susceptibility of the olfactory nerve. 
Local vibratory stimulation is one of the most 
powerful and effective means of restoring it. 
See remarks under Paralysis, Special Senses, 
and Olfactory Anesthesia. 


Apply vibration locally and to the lower 
spinal centers. Remove all sources of reflex 
irritation. Correct the mental delusion. 

Spinal Accessory Nerve, Diseases of 

These usually take the form of partial 
paralyses. Remove the cause ; and apply vig- 
orous but not too prolonged vibration over 
the medulla and to the upper spinal centers. 


Spinal Cord, Diseases of 

The modern study of trophic centers in the 
spinal cord, as already many times referred 
to, has abundantly shown the importance of 
regional relations in connection with diseases 
and degenerations of the great ganglion-cells 
of the anterior cornua, or of the anterior roots 
of the spinal nerves. Such degenerations soon 
give rise to atrophy of the muscle-fibers with 
which the diseased nerve cells are related. 

Irritation of the posterior cornua, or of the 
posterior roots of the spinal nerves, is fre- 
quently followed by neuralgic pains or erup- 
tions, either pustular or vesicular, over the 
related portions of the skin. 

Following lesions in some portion of the 
spinal gray matter, ulceration or even slough- 
ing of related skin surfaces may occur. 

Again, chronic joint diseases can be re- 
ferred to certain obscure lesions of some por- 
tion of the cord. In extreme cases these 
lesions occur in cases of locomotor ataxia. 

In all incipient lesions of the cord mechani- 
cal vibration affords one of the very best 
means of restoration to normal functions. 
Keep in mind general rules, and treat each 
case according to its individual peculiarities 
and indications. In dseases of the second and 
third lumbar centers the patellar reflex will 
generally be found wanting. 


Ankle-clonus is abolished by disease of the 
first to the third sacral nerves, or of the lower 
part of the lumbar enlargement. These tests 
will frequently aid in the diagnosis. 

In these cases discreetly applied and adapt- 
ed vibration will do much more than has hith- 
erto been accomplished by the use of the 
faradic current. 
Spleen, Diseases of 

In either congestion or anemia of the spleen 
apply vibration over the splenic centers in the 
cord and over the organ itself by means of 
the large concave disk, using short rapid 
stroke and light pressure. 

No term in medical literature is more in- 
discriminately used. The modern elucidation 
of the modus operandi of drugs and pharma- 
ceutical preparations ought to have put an 
end to this ambiguity and indefiniteness. 

Mechanical vibration takes its place as a 
true, legitimate and strictly physiologic meas^ 

See remarks on this topic under the cap- 
tion of What is Stimulation? 
Stomach, Functional Diseases of 

In most forms of functional disturbances of 
the stomach vibration frequently gives some 
of its most brilliant results. 

First, correct constipation, if present, and 
regulate the diet. Then tone up the organ by 


direct applications, and through the associ- 
ated spinal ganglia. 

The special conditions in which the most 
brilliant results can be attained are, dilata- 
tion, atony, gastroptosis, nervous dyspepsia 
and the various neuroses of the organ. 

Each is to be carefully diagnosed and 
treated on principles already and repeatedly 

St Vitus's Dance 
See Chorea. 

Sympathetic Sjrstem, Diseases of 

The direct and reflex ailments referable to 
the sympathetic system form a very large 
and important group. In many of them the 
cord is also involved, as naturally follows 
from the intimate relations of the two. 

The principal disorders that, while dis- 
tinct from the various structural diseases of 
the cord and brain, are now generally asso- 
ciated with disturbances and disorders of the 
sympathetic system are, Addison's disease; 
angina pectoris; asthma; convulsions; dia- 
betes mellitus; enteralgia; epilepsy; gastral- 
gia; goiter—exophthalmic; hemiatrophy; pro- 
gressive facial hemicrania; hyperickosis-uni- 
lateral; neuralgia cochleae; neuralgia sperma- 
tica, and uterine neuralgia. 

Other affections partially or at least indefi- 
nitely related to disorders of the sympathetic 
system are, atrophy-progressive muscular; 


glaucoma; diphtheritic paralysis; locomotor 
ataxia; neuro-retinitis; pseudo-hypertrophic 
paral3r8i89 and so-called reflex paralysis. 

This is a formidable array, and ought to 
suggest to every practitioner the overwhelm- 
ing importance of looking w^ell to the integrity 
and functional activity of the widely distrib- 
uted and much underrated sympathetic nerv- 
ous system. 

For detailed directions see under the head 
of each of the special disorders enumerated. 

Tabes Dorsalis 

See Locomotor Ataxia 

Tabes Mesenterica 

Bearing in mind the general principles laid 
down, it is certainly worth while to try the 
beneficial eflfects of mechano-vital vibration, 
in arresting the advances of this insidious 
disease. At the same time, invoke every pos- 
sible tonic and supporting measure. 

Taste, Disorders of 
See Special Senses. 


Vibratory measures offer some hope of so 
stimulating the nerve centers and fortifying 
the life forces that they may succeed in throw- 
ing off the poison that so rapidly and so fre- 
quently causes the unfortunate victims of 
this fatal malady to succumb. 


Third Nerve, Lesions of 

See in connection with Facial Paralysis. 
Thomsen's Disease 

Reject the usual verdict that nothing can 
be done for this disease, and invoke vibratory 
therapeutics to the fullest extent, using the 
best discretion of which you are capable as 
to methods and modes of application. 


If a thrombus can be definitely located and 
early treatment carefully applied, its dissolu- 
tion may sometimes be affected by intelligent 
resort to mechano-vital vibration. 

Thyroid Gland, Diseases of 

Stimulate the cervical ganglia and carefully 
vibrate the gland itself. See under Goiter, etc. 
Tic Doloreux 

See Neuralgia. 


When the cause has been removed, if that 
be practicable, — make careful but fairly vigor- 
ous applications over the mastoid region, 
stimulate the cervical and upper dorsal cen- 
ters, and also the sides of the neck. 


Make moderately vigorous applications to 
the cervical ganglia, using the ball or brush 
applicator, stimulate the liver and spleen, vi- 
brate the upper cervical region, and behind 
the rami of the inferior maxillaries. Also 


stimulate all the lymphatics in the region, and 
in every case look to it that the patient's blood 
is rendered alkalin. It is, in these cases, along 
with all the secretions, invariably acid, some- 
times markedly so. Tonsilitis is by many 
considered a pathognomonic symptom of uric 
acid poisoning. Prescribe aspirin. 
Touch, Disorders of 

These may be either hyperesthetic or pares- 
thetic. In either case study the central cause, 
which will usually be found in a disordered 
ganglia, or in the sympathetic system. Treat 
this, and follow with local applications to re- 
store the involved organ or area. 

When of functional origin, mechano-vital 
vibration is the most natural remedy. Apply 
on general principles. 

All neoplasms consisting of normal tissue 
of the human body, or of such tissue only 
slightly modified, are denominated benign, 
and are amenable to physiologic treatment. 
This treatment has been sufficiently outlined 
under the various special heads. Adenoma, 
Fibroma, Lymphadenoma, Carcinoma, etc. 

This is another name for congestion, for 
the removal and relief of which vibration is 
eminently adapted. 

See elsewhere under various heads, 
a 08 



Many forms of ulcers may be much bene- 
fited, and other curative measures made much 
more prompt and effective by means of vi- 
bratory stimulation of the spinal centers, of 
the general circulation, and afterwards of 
the neighboring lymphatics. 

Uric Acid Diathesis 

All the usual remedies used to combat this 
condition, with its myriad forms of manifesta- 
tion, will be materially aided by thorough and 
systematic stimulation of the spinal centers, 
from the cervix to the sacrum, followed by 
vigorous applications over the principal or- 
gans of elimination — liver, spleen, stomach, 
and bowels. Thus the emunctories and the 
machinery of the vital laboratory can be in- 
vigorated and made more effective. 

Varicose Veins 

Apply deep vibration over the spinal cen- 
ters, more especially those related to the re- 
gion affected. Apply rather firmly an elastic 
cotton bandage, to support the weakened and 
enlarged vein, and use lighter vibration over 
the vein itself, using the large disk, or the rub- 
ber ball applicator, with labile stroke, moving 
from the extremities toward the trunk. 

Venereal Diseases 

The treatment of nearly all forms of venereal 
diseases may be efficiently seconded by vibra- 


tory applications, made in such a way as to act 
as a general tonic to the entire system, and as 
a stimulator of all available lymphatics. In 
this way both elimination and phagocytism 
may be promoted, and the action of other 
remedies fortified. 

Voice, Disorders of 
See Larynptis. 


Vibrate these troublesome growths, using a 
small hard applicator, with rapid stroke and as 
firm pressure as the patient will bear. At the 
same time stimulate the lymphatics in the 
vicinity and those leading toward the tnmk. 

Writer's Crainp, or Scrivener's Palsy 

Rest, and vibration of the muscles that are 
either contracted or in a state of chronic spasm, 
will soon relieve these cases. Use soft rubber 
bell applicator at first, and follow with covered 
or uncovered disc, according to conditions 
present. Sometimes it will be necessary to 
vigorously stimulate the spinal centers directly 
or indirectly involved. 

See also Occupation Neuroses. 



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